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Jetta Jolllneau Hale 

Idaho Falls, Idaho 

12 Sept 1989 


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(Articles in the Sussex Archaeological Collections.) 





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Rexburg, Idaho 


•fotta Jolllneau Hale 

Idaho Falls, Idaho 

12 Sept 1989 


The three adjoining parishes of Fotheringhay, Nassington, and Elton 
have directly or indirectly something in common, and it may therefore be 
desirable that the histories of the two former, which have already been 
published, should be supplemented by some account of the latter. 

The principal interest of Fotheringhay revolves round the pathetic close 
of Mary Stuart's life. During her prolonged captivity there can be little 
doubt that her eyes must have rested very often upon the " lordly tower 
of Elton Church," the most prominent object in the landscape as seen 
from the site of the now demolished castle in which she met her 
melancholy end. Moreover, Elton was the first village through which the 
corpse of the ill-fated Queen was conveyed on the way to its temporary 
resting-place in Peterborough Cathedral. Other matters also of less 
romantic character form connecting links between the two places. 

The visit of Canute to Nassington, and the results which sprung 
from it of lasting importance to Elton, would, even if there were no other 
tie, blend the history of these two localities. 

The following notes may therefore be fitly added to those of Cuthbert 
Bede, Archdeacon Bonney, and the Rev. C. J. Gordon, which have already 
appeared. They are written with a view to engage the general interest 
of the inhabitants of Elton, and are somewhat full of particulars relating 
to the parish, which, although often very simple in themselves, may, 
nevertheless, be of importance to occasional readers. 

" All that is past we seek to treasure here, 

All that may make the past a thing of life ; 
And we would save what else in worldly strife 
Might perish, though the present hold it dear." 

The Illustrations are from Photographs taken by the Rev. C. W. 
Whistler, reproduced in collotype by Messrs. Griggs. 




Early Records of Elton : — Names of the Parish, and their deriva- 
tion. — Domesday Survey ; the original, the translation, and 
explanation of the terms employed. — The visit of Canute 
to Nassington, and purchase of the manor of Elton by ^Ethelric. 
— Gift of the manor to Ramsey Abbey. — Eee-f arm rents deduced 
from this gift. — Eaglethorpe ... ... ... ... ... 1 — 7 


General description of Elton: — Situation; church tower; acre- 
age ; rateable value ; soil ; the River Nene ; population. — 
Elton Field Book ; summary of the survey of Elton ; Sir 
Thomas Proby's estate. — Number of inhabited houses in 1749. 
— List of Jurors. — Field names. — General appearance in 1749 8 — 15 


Elton Church : — Noticed in Domesday Survey ; Saxon stones ; Stow's 
remarks on Saxon churches ; Sir R. Cotton finds the chancel 
ruinous. — The East window : Pigure of a dove at the base of a 
niche in the tower. — Dedication. — Position of the tower 
within the church ; sedilia ; aumbry ; stairs to rood loft ; 
chancel arch ; seats ; restoration of 1885 by the Earl of 
Carysfort, and cost ; the Sapcote Memorial ; painted windows ; 
memorial slabs and tablets ; benefactions ; warming apparatus 16 — 27 




The Goods of the Church, and the Churchyard : — The bells. — 
The clock. — The books, gifts of Father Paber.— The church 
plate ; the stolen plate ; the plate given by Rector Ball. — The 
organ. — The churchyard ; its dimensions ; floral decorations. 
— The burial-place of the Lords of the Manor. — Tombs of the 
Proby family ; of Bishop Claughton ; of Archdeacon Kemp- 
thorne. — Bier presented as a memorial of John Laurance. — 
Other memorial stones ... ... ... ... ... ... 28—34 


The Rectory and the Rectors : — Description of the Rectory ; its 
probable date ; armorial bearings from Fotheringhay Castle 
formerly in the rectory windows. — The library as arranged by 
Paber ; the drawing-room the work of Bishop Claughton. — Tudor 
gateway to the offices. — The tithe barn. — The trees. — Soil. — 
List of Rectors since 1554. — Pour Rectors hold the living for 
202 years. — Notices of Dr. Pisher; Dr. Claughton; extract 
from Canon Liddon's funeral sermon on Dr. Claughton. — 
Account of Dr. Paber, and his works. — Notice of Archdeacon 
Kempthorne ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 35 — 57 


The Adyowson op Elton :— Vested in the Rev. John Cooper, Rector, in 
1661 ; passed from him to the Ball family, who held it until 
1760 ; bought in 1760 by the Master and Pellows of University 
College, Oxford; sold by them in 1884 to Mrs. Augusta 
Whistler of Battle, the present owner. — Cooper's Hospital ; 
its foundation and endowment ; the trustees ; the scheme for 
its management ; qualification of candidates for admission ; 
number of inmates since the foundation ; their great ages ; 
their emoluments. — The Schools; description; situation; means 
of support ; cost of the buildings ; the original Proby schools ; 
new schools opened in 1876. — Other benefactions. — The Ballast 
Hole; relics found there ; a Romano-British burial-place ... 58 — 64 




The Hall and its Contents : — Situation ; the Park ; the oldest 
portion dating from the time of Henry VII. ; some of materials 
brought from the Drydens' house ; the chapel built by Elizabeth 
Dinham; the house remodelled about 1660 by Sir T. Proby; 
Brydges's account of the Hall ; the contents of the Hall ; 
paintings by Sir J. Eeynolds, Leonardo da Vinci, Landseer, 
etc. — The library, rich in Bible, Prayer Books, and topographical 
works.— The Oaks 65—67 



The Thurible and Incense Boat (now the property of the Earl of 
Carysfort) : — The traditional story of their recovery from Whittle- 
sea Mere ; the account of their recovery by Joseph and Erank 
Coles of Yaxley; their acquisition by Mr. Wells; The Times' 
account of the sale of these relics in 1890 ; the description of 
them ; indication of their having belonged to Eamsey Abbey ; 
the large sums for which they were sold .. . 68 — 70 


The Owners of Elton Hall : — The Sapcote family, the first known 
possessors ; their connection with Elton continued at least 300 
years ; proof of their ownership of land in " Aylington " in 
1303; Leland calls "Eichard Sapcote" the first "setter up" of 
the family in Hunts, a.d. 1477 ; probably builder of original 
Hall ; Sapcote arms ; Sheriff of Cambridgeshire 1470 ; desires to 
be buried at Eotheringhay ; in 1507 Sir John Sapcote bequeaths 
"all his plate at 'Allington'" to his wife; Henry Sapcote, 
Mayor of Lincoln ; part of the property passes by marriage 
to the Earls of Bedford; Eobert Sapcote of Elton, Esq., the 
last of the family resident at the Hall ; an alabaster slab in 
Elton Church to his memory; local tradition relating to him; 
Sapcote alliances; pedigree from the Cotton MSS., descent of 
the Eitzwilliam family from Ann Sapcote of Elton ; the Sapcote 
motto; conjectures concerning it .. . ... ... ... ... 71 — 76 




The Owners op Elton Hall (continued) : — The Proby family, 
successors of the Sapcotes in time of Queen Elizabeth ; Stow 
writes the name "Probye"; Sir Heneage Proby, Sheriff of 
Cambridgeshire and Hunts in 1651 ; Pedigree of the Proby family ; 
Sir Thomas Proby created a Baronet in 1662 ; marries daughter 
of Sir Robert Cotton of Connington, the antiquary ; he re-models 
the Hall ; his Account Book beginning 1663 ; copious extracts 
from the same ; Taxley estate one of the oldest local possessions 
of the Proby family; Norman cross in that parish connected 
with the title of the present noble representative of the family ; 
Sir Thomas Proby lends £150 to King Charles II. ... ... 77—91 


The Parish Registers : — Their early date ; the orders for the for- 
mation of registers ; Elton Registers begun in 1598 ; names of 
families still extant in the parish ; reference to the " beauteous 
Chapell of Mr. Sapcote"; " Conjux a conjuge interfecta"; 
appointment of Parish Register; "Inbaptizata"; imposition of 
a tax on entries ; great ages of many inhabitants ; marriages 
before a Justice of the Peace; burials in woollen ... ... 92 — 100 


Briefs : — Unusually full catalogue ; history of briefs ; list of briefs ; 
notes on briefs for " fishing," the Plague, the Eire of London, for 
" prisoners and captives " ; a catalogue of the inhabitants of 
Elton who contributed towards the redemption of captives from 
the Turks in 1670 ; brief for the Huguenots in 1681 ; for the 
fire at Newmarket in 1683 ; for sufferers by the great storm of 
1704, etc 101—122 


Churchwardens' Accounts, the Chapel, Local Reminiscences : — 
Books only of recent date, beginning 1760 ; noteworthy entries ; 
substitutes for the militia ; army of reserve account 1803 ; 
parish fund to provide for those " drawn " ; large payments for 



inoculation 1808 ; Census expenses 1812 ; Census returns ; 
abolition of church rates. — The "Wesleyan Chapel. — John Mears, 
groom to Duke of "Wellington; James Hayes, inventor of 
Straw Elevator; the stocks; ringing a "spur"; a long-lived 
family ; anecdotes by Thomas Godwin ; fidelity of Moore's 
sheepdog 123 — 128 

Conclusion 129 — 130 

Appendix : — Particulars of the Glebe lands. — Particulars of the Charity 
land. — Particulars of the endowments of Elton schools. — Oundle 

burials from April 29 to October 31, 1666 131—136 

General Index 137 — 146 

2,ist <rf KUustratums- 

Elton Church Tower 


Saxon Memorial Stones To face page 30 

Elton Bectory 

Cooper's Hospital 

Elton Schools 

Arms and Escutcheons in the Chapel 

The Thurible and Incense Boat 

Elton Hall 

Hayes's Straw Elevator 

Facsimile of Design for Straw-shaking Machine 


2,ist of Sutetri&ers* 

Adson, Mr. J. S., Elton. 

Aldom, Bev. J. W., Thornton Hough, Chester. 

Archer, Mrs., 13 Beaufort Gardens, London, S.W. 

Ashburnham, Eight Hon. Earl of, Ashburnham Place, Battle, Sussex. 

Berkeley, Bev. C. J. Bowland, Warmington Vicarage, Oundle. 

Bigge, M., Esq., Laundhner House, Oundle. 

Blencowe, Bev. Thomas H., Folksworth Eectory, Peterborough. 

Brassey, Bight Hon. Lord, 24 Park Lane, London, W. 

Brawn, Mr. William, School House, Elton. 

Buttanshaw, Bev. Francis, Cotterstock Vicarage, Oundle. 

Capron, Bev. Gr. H., Southwick Hall, Oundle. 

Carysfort, Bight Hon. Earl of, Elton Hall, Peterborough. (20 copies.) 

Cass, Bev. C. W., 58 Cadogan Place, London, S.W. 

Campbell, Ades M., Esq., Tickencote Hall, Stamford. 

Chichester, Lord Bishop of, The Palace, Chichester. 

Claughton, Eight Eev. Bishop, Danbury Palace, Chelmsford. 

Claughton, Mrs., Pordham St. Martin, Bury St. Edmunds. 

Claughton, H. W., Esq., Pordham St. Martin, Bury St. Edmunds. 

Claughton, Miss, Danbury Palace, Chelmsford. 

Claughton, Captain, Pordham St. Martin, Bury St. Edmunds. 

Clarke, Mr. Henry, Littleport, Ely. 

Clemenger, Eev. Gf. Gr. W., Alwalton Eectory, Peterborough. 

Cloth workers' Company, The Worshipful, Mincing Lane, London, E.C. 

Crisp, John, Esq., Eaglethorpe, Warmington, Oundle. 

De Bamsey, Bight Hon. Lord, Eamsey Abbey, Hunts. 

Davies, Eev. J. H., Mount Bures Eectory, Colchester. 

Dowman, Eev. C, Fletton Eectory, Peterborough. 

Edis, Mrs., Cooper's Hospital, Elton. 

Edmonds, Eev. Gr. M., Stoke Doyle Eectory, Oundle. 

Egerton, Lady Mary, Mountfield Court, Eobertsbridge, Sussex. 

Ellis, Mr., Elton. 

Elwyn, Eev. Canon, Master's Lodge, The Charterhouse, London, E.C. 

Ely, The Lord Bishop of, The Palace, Ely. 

English, M., Esq., Orton Longueville, Peterborough. 

Fitzwilkam, The Hon. Thomas W., Milton, The Perry, Peterborough. 

Fitzwilliam, Greorge W., Esq., Milton Park, Peterborough. (2 copies.) 


Foljambe, Cecil G. Savile, Esq., M.P., 2 Carlton House Terrace, London, S."W. 
Forster, "W. S., Esq., 28 Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, W.C. 
Gaches, H. Cecil, Esq., London Eoad, Peterborough. 
Godwin, Mr. J., 290 Monument Eoad, Birmingham. 
Hayley, Mrs. Burrell, Catsfield Place, Battle, Sussex. 
Hayley, Eev. T., Brightling Eectory, Sussex. 

Heathcote, The late J. M., Esq., Conington Castle, Peterborough. (2 copies.) 
Heighton, Mr. W. E., Elton. 
Hopkins, Eev. Canon, The Vicarage, Oundle. 

Hopkinson, Eev. W., Sutton Grange, Wansford, Northamptonshire. 
Jickling, Eev. F., Glatton Eectory, Peterborough. 
Jlempthorne, Eev. P., Wellington College, Wokingham. 
Kirkby, Mrs., Elton. 
Kirkwood, Dr., Peterborough. 
Knipe, Mrs. Eandolph, Elton. 

Lamb, Sir Archibald, Bart., Beauport, Battle, Sussex. 
Langridge, Mr. W. L., Eock Cottage, Hollington, Sussex. 
Laurance, John, Esq., Sexton Barns, Peterborough. 
Laurance, Mrs., The Manor House, Stanground, Peterborough. 
Laurence, Mrs., Battle, Sussex. 

Lavers, N W., Esq., The Woodlands, Long Ditton, Surrey. (2 copies.) 
Leicester, Eight Eev. the Bishop of, The Close, Peterborough. 
Maclachlan, Mrs., Newton Valence Vicarage, Alton, Hants. 
Margesson. Miss, Bolney, Hayward's Heath, Sussex. (2 copies.) 
Mayes, Mr. H. H., Park Street, Kingscliffe, Northants. 
Mills, Eev. H. A., The Oratory, Edgbaston, Birmingham. 
Monck, Eev. E. F. B., Netherfield Vicarage, Battle, Sussex. 
Oakley, Mr. O., Elton. 
Oakley, Mr. J., Elton. 

Percival, Andrew, Esq., Minster Close, Peterborough. 
Percival, Eev. C, Nassington Vicarage, Peterborough. 
Perkins, Mr. J., Elton. 

Peterborough, The Lord Bishop of, The Palace, Peterborough. 
Peterborough, The Very Eev. the Dean of, Deanery, Peterborough. 
Pooley, E. B., Esq., Oundle. 

Eutland, His Grace the Duke of, Belvoir Castle, Grantham. 
Eaper, W. Augustus, Esq., Battle, Sussex. 
Eichards, Eev. J., Tansor Eectory, Oundle. 
Eichardson, W., Esq., Tansor Lodge, near Oundle. 

Eoberts, Sir Owen, D.C.L., F.S.A., Clothworkers' Hall, Mincing Lane, London, E.C. 
Eoyston, Eev. Peter, The Eectory, Orton Longueville, Peterborough. 
Sawyer, J. S., Esq., Elton. (2 copies.) 
Selby, J., Esq., Stanground Manor House, Peterborough. 
Smith-Eewse, Eev. G. F., St. Margaret's Eectory, Harleston, Norfolk. 
Smith-Eewse, Mrs., St. Margaret's Eectory, Harleston, Norfolk. 


Spencer, Mr. Matthew, Elton. 

Steers, Mr. Charles, Elton. 

Strange, W. S., Esq., Charnwood Tower, Coalville, Leicester. 

Strange, Mrs., Charnwood Tower, Coalville, Leicester. 

Strange, Rev. W. R. Pearson, Stockland Vicarage, Bridgwater. 

Strickson, Mrs., Elton. 

Sweeting, Eev. W. D., Maxey Vicarage, Market Deeping. 

Tatham, Rev. Canon R. D., Dallington Rectory, Sussex. 

Thompson, J., Esq., 43 Wood Street, Peterborough. 

Tompson, Rev. R., R.D., Woodstone Rectory, Peterborough. 

Trollope, Rev. C, Stibbington Rectory, Wansford, Hunts. 

Tufnell, Mr., Elton. 

Vesey, Ven. Archdeacon, Huntingdon. 

Vipan, Captain, Stibbington Hall, "Wansford, Hunts. 

Watts, W. E. M., Esq., Caldbec Hill, Battle, Sussex. 

Watts, Miss, Highfield, Portishead, Somersetshire. 

Wentworth, Miss, 14 Alexandra Road, Hornsey, London, N. 

Whistler, Captain A. E., 8 Chepstow Villas, Bayswater, London, W. 

Whistler, Rev. A. J., Newton Valence, Alton, Hants. 

Whistler, Rev. C. W., Theddlethorpe Vicarage, Louth. 

Whistler, Captain F., Elton Rectory. 

Whistler, Captain T. C, 8 Chepstow Villas, Bayswater, London, W. 

Whistler, W. W., Esq., Elton Rectory. 

Whistler, Dr., 17 Wiinpole Street, London, W. 

Wickham, H., Esq., Barnwell Castle, Oundle. (2 copies.) 

Wickham, Major G., Cotterstock Hall, Oundle. 

Wickham, Miss, Barnwell Castle, Oundle. 

Williams, Admiral W. J., 2 Harley Place, Clifton, Bristol. 

Woodhouse, Rev. H. C, Water Newton Rectory, Wansford. 

Wyatt, Rev. H. H., Conington Rectory, Peterborough. 

Walker,'Dr. T. J., 33 Westgate, Peterborough. 

Young, W. B., Esq., Grove, Hollington, Sussex. 


Mtngtott, &£lton, or €lton* 



The name of the parish has varied in the course of years, from its first 
form Athelniton to Adelintone, Aillington, Ailton, Ayletone, and finally 
to its modern appellation of Elton. No doubt this has been reached 
by gradual contraction ; and the conjecture that it may be referred to 
the same origin as the Allingtons in Kent, Devon, and elsewhere — the 
town of the iElings — is probable ; although the derivation from Ethelin, 
a young noble, and thence Ethelinton, the town or holding of a young 
noble, may be the more likely origin of the word. In the oldest parish 
register, under the date 1598, we find it called Aillington, afterwards in 
1602 there is a change to Ailton, then in 1614 to Aylton; from this time 
forward we find only the modern form. 

That invaluable document, the Domesday Survey of England, taken 
in 1085, gives much useful information about our parish ; and, as we 
shall find, supplies a link in an interesting passage of its history which 
serves indirectly to identify it with the village mentioned on the occasion 
of the visit of Canute to Nassington fifty years before that date. It 
also shews that there was a Saxon Church, probably on the site of the 
present building, before the time of the Norman invasion and conquest. 
The original notice of Elton, to which reference is made, is as follows : 


de Eame r^g 
VI. Terra Sci Benedict! 


S? In Adelintvne hb abb de Eamet/t x hidas ad gld. Tra' xxiiii 

car' 7 in dnio tra iiii car' ext' pdictas hid'. Ibi nc in dnio iiii car. 7 

xxviii uitt hntes xx car'. Ibi seccla 7 pfir ii molini xl /olid' 7 clxx ac 
p'ti. T. E. E. ual xiiii lib. m°. 



This, amplified from the abbreviations, which, in so comprehensive a 
survey, were almost inevitable, would appear thus : 

de Ramese 
Terra Sancti Benedicti 

In Adelintune habet Abbas de Ramesei x hidas ad geldum, Terra 
xxxviii carucse et in dominio terra iiii carucse extra predictas hidas. 
Ibi nullo in dominio iiii carucse et xxviii villani habentes xx Cara- 
cas. Ibi ecclesia, et presbiter et ii molini xl solidorum et clxx acrse 
prati. Tempore Regis Edwardi valebat xiiii libras iii." 

Which may be translated : 

"The Territory of Saint Benedict op Ramsey. 

" In the Hundred of Norman Cross. In Adelinton the Abbot of 
Ramsey has ten hides liable to the payment of Danegeld. The ploughed 
land is thirty-eight carucates, and in demesne there is land to the extent 
of four carucates beyond the aforesaid hides. There are there in no 
demesne four carucates, and twenty-eight villeins holding twenty caru- 
cates. There is a church, and there is a priest, and there are two mills 
worth eleven shillings, and one hundred and seventy acres of meadow. In 
the time of King Edward it was worth fourteen pounds (of silver) and 
three (shillings)." 

In further elucidation of this, it may be well to explain some of the 
terms employed, as without some such explanation the extract will be to 
some extent unintelligible. 

By the term " hide " we are to understand an uncertain quantity of 
land varying in different localities, but in a general way as much as was 
sufficient for one plough. Of this land some was liable to the payment 
of a tax called " Danegeld/'' 35 ' which from the time of Canute the natives 
of England were compelled to pay yearly to the Danes. It was one object 
of the Survey to fix the proportions of this payment upon the proper per- 
sons. There were many exceptions, as, for instance, the demesne lands of 
churchmen and religious houses, of the great lords who held their lands 
by military service, of some again by special grant from the king. 

Wherever the word " terra " occurs in this document, we are always 
to understand ploughed land. 

* " There are certain imperial taxes which the King levies from the whole hody of his subjects 
on appointed occasions. The most ancient of these is the Danegeld, which was instituted by the 
King and wise men long before the Conquest, as some say to pay off the Danish pirates, but rather 
for a war levy to provide for the kingdom's defence. For this purpose at least it was continued 
after the Conquest by the Norman kings, who were equally careful of the safety of their new 
subjects ; but from the beginning of the present reign (Henry II.) it has been rarely exacted, 
and is now almost wholly discontinued." — From "Court Life under the Plantagenets," p. 136. 


The hide, which was the measure of land in the reign of Edward the 
Confessor, was reduced to the " carucate " by the Conqueror's new 
standard ; and this new measurement was more comprehensive than the 
old, inasmuch as it not only represented as much land as could be tilled 
with one plough, but included what would be required for the beasts 
belonging to it for the year, having meadow, pasture, and houses for the 
householders and their cattle.* 

Such persons as were "in demesne," "in dominio," were wholly 
under the lord's disposal both in body and goods, and in this respect they 
who were not " in demesne " would be free men. The villeins were prac- 
tically in absolute servitude, with their children and effects belonging to 
the lord of the manor, like cattle or stock upon it ; they could not leave 
their land without permission, and no occupation was too mean or servile 
for them.f 

We may note further that wherever a mill is mentioned in this 
Survey, we find one now. The value of such property was enhanced by 
the fact that tenants were compelled to grind their corn at the lord's 
mill ; hence their value is given. In this instance eleven solidi, or 
shillings, each of which consisted of twelve pence, J equal in weight to 
rather more than three of our shillings. The pound of silver, " libri," 
was worth 72 solidi, or about £3 12s. of our present money. 

This authoritative notice of Elton is early, yet there is a still earlier 
record in a Saxon Chronicle, shewing the artifice by which the possession 
of the manor was transferred from its Danish owner to a Saxon Bishop of 
Dorchester, by name iEthelric, who originally held some subordinate 
position in the Abbey of Ramsey, where he was afterwards buried. The 
narrative, which is full, and very interesting as shewing the manner of 
the times, is taken from Brayley's " Notes on Ramsey,"§ and is as follows : 
" In Huntingdonshire is a certain vill to which remote antiquity 
gave the name of Athelniton, most pleasant in its situation, convenient 
for its streams of water, agreeable its level of meadows, having plenty of 
pasture for cattle, luxuriant from the advantage of a fertile country. 
This, before the Danes had invaded England, was the inheritance of a 
certain Englishman, but in the days of King Cnut (1017 to 1035) a certain 
Dane contracting matrimony by the King's permission acquired the lord- 
ship of the before-mentioned vill in right of his wife. When, therefore, 

* By an enclosed family estate at Fowlscourt, co. Berks, where the enclosing ditches are still 
the boundaries, and which include 4G0 acres, and is said to be two carucates in the Survey, it 
would appear that about 230 acres would represent the carucate. — E. F. W. 

t Compare the description of " Gurth " in Sir W. Scott's " Ivanhoe." 

X It was fivepence, Saxon. 

§ Page 319, vol. vii. 


according to his visual custom, King Cnut was travelling over his king- 
dom, it happened that he came into these parts, and through the length 
of his journey turned towards the royal vill of Nassington for the purpose 
of lodging there ; but the smallness of the place, as it refused the benefit 
of hospitality to the princes and great men attendant upon the King, 
occasioned them to seek the domestic dwellings of the families in the 
neighbouring towns and villages. 

" iEthelric,* the Bishop whom, on account of his singular prudence 
and integrity, the King scarcely ever permitted to be absent from his 
side, was therefore decently lodged at this same Dane's in the Vill of 
Athelniton, together with the four joint secretaries of the King; and, 
since the attendance of the inferiors is not only due to their lords but 
also to their lords' servants, the Dane doubted not that by so much the 
more attentively and that by so much the more splendidly he served 
all things necessary in different meats and drinks, by so much the more 
should he please the King his lord. At last, all being satisfied and the 
tables removed, they protracted the day till the evening in drinking, and 
he who performed the office of butler, with the Bishop's connivance, 
handed about the cup exceedingly frequent to the Dane, who, being made 
very merry, began to answer the Bishop's enquiries as to the stocking and 
worth of the Vill, how much in chattels, how many herds of beasts and 
sheep they had in the lordship, what number of acres the court of it was 
furnished with, and how much money he received yearly from the rental 
of the whole. 

" Then the Bishop most readily said : ' If I could find such a manor to 
be sold I would purchase it at a suitable price.' The Dane, whom intoxi- 
cation spurred on, jollity enlivened, and rashness urged to the loss of his 
property, replied, ' If you will bring me to-morrow at the earliest dawn of 
day fifty marks of gold without deduction, all my effects being removed, 
I will make over the whole Vill free to you.' Yet he said this, not that 
he wished to part with his right by sale, but that he thought the Bishop, 
so far removed from his bishopric, his trunks so few in number and his 
caskets so small, could by no industry, by no purchase, scrape together by 
the end of one night such a weight of the above-mentioned metal. 

" But iEthelric, who was no slothful promoter of his own interest, 
immediately catching the word from his mouth and calling the men who 
had accompanied him in witness of the proceeding, ' Let it,' said he, 
'be according to your word. Behold the witnesses of my faith and of 
the bargain, that, if I shall not to-morrow before daylight deposit with 

* iEthelric was Bishop of Dorchester. He originally held some subordinate position at 
Ramsey, and always entertained a grateful recollection of the kindly treatment he had received 
there. He was buried at Ramsey. 


you the whole heap of gold that you have asked, you shall accuse me of 
rashness and deride my failure, if, at the same time, you shall cause your 
wife to agree with you in the same resolution.' ' My wife's consent/ 
said the other, ' shall not be wanting ; fulfil only what you have engaged.' 
Then the Dane inclined himself wantonly to laugh at the Bishop and 
encouraged his wife to dare to do the same. 

" What occasion is there to use many words 9 The husband as well 
as the wife, measuring their guest's sentiments by their own and judging 
him to be intoxicated, endeavoured to hasten the business ; and through 
this the bargain, which at first they thought to carry forward in jest, 
being turned at length into seriousness, was strengthened and confirmed 
by the caution of the joint suretiship of the two parties, that if the 
Bishop should keep the faith of his promises there should be no loophole 
left for the Dane to retreat. 

" Then the Dane going to bed betrayed his unconsciousness of the loss 
of his property by his nocturnal rest. But iEthelric, the laziness of sleep 
being turned into solicitude for his own advantage, when it was thought 
that he was laid down, and a notary privately sent for, ordered letters to 
be dispatched to all his friends, whom that night seemed to afford 
sufficient space for going to and returning from, adding entreaties to 
entreaties, that every one of them would now prove a true friend to the 
cost of the work. He himself also mounted his nag, spurred him on to 
Court, where he found the King lessening the tediousness of the long 
night with the play of the dice and tables ; to whom being privately 
admitted and astonished at his nocturnal and sudden coming, he makes 
known his cause, and borrowed from him all the gold which was then in 
his coffers, binding himself by the law of loans. Then returning loaded 
with it, he had hardly recovered his short breath when his different 
messengers entered, each succeeding the other, and having got such a 
plenty of gold that pouring it out before their lord, he found that the 
measure of its weight exceeded his want. 

" The Bishop, therefore, agitated with unspeakable joy, immediately 
at the very dawn of day ordered the Dane to be requested to arise and 
take the heap of gold. But he, having by the rest he had taken, 
recovered from his late surfeit or intoxication, pretended to know nothing 
of the bargain and affirmed that what they said was untrue. iEthelric, 
however, offering publicly to pay the promised mass of yellow metal, 
required the estate, thus purchased by a just title of sale according to the 
testimony of the sureties, to be made over to him ; but the Dane refused 
with a loud voice, exclaiming that a fault committed by one person ought 
by no means to redound to the prejudice of his heirs. The Bishop 
answered, ' Although intoxication drove you to the fault, yet your wife to 


whom the fountain of the inheritance especially belongs, drinking more 
sparingly seemed to have brought less to the family casks ; she, I say, 
being often questioned if she acquiesced in the agreement, evinced the 
sacred thirst of gold which she had by her very silence of not contradicting 
it.' Still the gainsayers, repressing the voice of the witnesses, clamoured 
as if in their own proper abode. Hence a contention arose, and an appeal 
was made by both parties to the King, in whose presence the matter 
being more diligently investigated the suretiships assert the fact of the 
money having been tendered by the buyer according to the agreement. 

" The Dane, being unable to disprove these allegations, and there being 
no way for him to regain the thing sold, was adjudged to confirm the sale 
on receiving the price. Yet the wife still litigating and affirming with a 
babbling voice that two mills in the same Vill were her chattels and did 
not belong to the appurtenances of the manor, the generous purchaser 
stopped all contention and further claim by the addition of two marks of 

" The husband and wife therefore spontaneously, 01 obeying un- 
willingly the sentence, took away all their household goods, stripped the 
marriage bed of its accustomed clothing, led away their herds of cattle 
and family, and leaving only the bare walls of their home with those 
things that were immoveable to the new lord, departed to buy another 
residence with the gold they had received. 

" The Bishop was afterwards confirmed in his purchase by the King ; 
and having rewarded four Barons, by whose lively diligence and ability in 
the business he was sensible that he had been most effectually assisted, 
with a present to each of two marks of the remaining gold, he, having 
the King's Licence, directed his journey towards Ramsey, and assigned to 
the Abbot and his brethren the before-mentioned Vill for the perpetual 
supply of their table." 

There can be little doubt, if any, that the Vill here mentioned is 
Elton ; the description is exactly what we should expect in those early 
days when the land was unenclosed, excepting perhaps a portion near the 
lord's dwelling. It agrees with the brief notice in the general survey; 
the name corresponds; the two mills were then standing; the "level 
meadows," the " streams of water," characterize the place now as then 
" luxuriant from the advantage of a fertile country." 

It is probable that the donation of iEthelric to the Abbey of Ramsey 
may be traced to this day. It is certain that in 1291* the Abbot of 
Ramsey had a pension from Elton of £3 6s. 8d. At the present time 

* This appears from the record of the grants of Pope Nicholas IV. of the tenths of all 
ecclesiastical benefices to King Edward I . for six years towards defraying the cost of an expedition 
to the Holy Land. In order t t they might be collected at their full value, a taxation by the 


(1892) there is an annual charge of £6 9s. Ad. levied upon the Rectorial 
lands, representing, it is said,* certain rents which formerly belonged to 
the Crown, and which have been paid by successive Rectors of Elton since 
the Reformation. This charge is in fact the payment made in the first 
instance to Ramsey, to which Elton was attached, and it was seized by 
Henry VIII. at the time of his spoliation of the monasteries. The Crown 
rights were sold in the reign of Charles II., when the portion chargeable 
upon the Rectory of Elton became the property of the Earl of Radnor. 

It is remarkable that part of this charge issues out of Eaglethorpe in 
the parish of Warmington "attached to Elton," and this belongs to 
another owner, Mr. Hutchinson. Can this represent the actual home of 
the defrauded Dane ? It is certainly significant that the " thorpe " in 
Eaglethorpe is the definitely Danish term for a settlement, corresponding 
to the Saxon "ham," generally denoting the farmstead with the surrounding 
cottages, etc., of an original Danish settler. It is less comprehensive 
than the Saxon " ton " ; and it is not unlikely that in Eaglethorpe we have 
some reserved portion of his original holding, or perhaps the "other 
residence " which the unlucky Dane bought with his dearly acquired gold. 

King's precept was begun in 1288 and completed in 1291. The particulars of this levy are still 
preserved and may be seen in the British Museum. 
The return relating to Elton was : 

Ecclia de Aylington, deduct, pens. - - - £23 6 8 

Pens. Abbis Ramesye in eadem - - - 3 6 8 

(" Fenland Notes and Queries.") 
* As explained by Mr. Edward Reeves, of 17 Clement's Inn, Strand, by whom the payments 
are received annually. 

( 8 ) 


Writing in 1791, Brydges, the historian of Northamptonshire, makes 
mention of Elton, although it is actually situated in Huntingdonshire, 
lying at the extreme north-western corner, and only separated by the 
narrow River Nene from the adjoining county. He says the town is 
distinguished into the Nether End, standing on the river where there is a 
mill, and at one extremity of it the Rectory House, and into the Upper 
or Over End, at some small distance from the other, where the Church is, 
and which overlooks the adjacent country with an agreeable prospect. 
In both parts there were then, he tells us, 109 houses. It is seated, he 
adds, on a dry soil and hath an air of neatness ; it is all open fields except 
Mr. Proby's estate. 

With the exception that the land is now all enclosed, there has 
probably been no great change during the last century, and this descrip- 
tion may in the main serve in the present day. The use of the river, 
however, which was then navigable and the principal means of communi- 
cation with the neighbouring towns of Oundle and Peterborough, has been 
superseded by a branch of the London and North- Western Railway ; a 
substantial bridge, more useful than ornamental, has given facility of 
approach to the railwa} 7 , the station being called Elton, although actually 
in the parish of Fotheringhay. Some thirty or forty dilapidated cottages 
have been removed. Otherwise the main features remain as they were ; 
the noble trees, which are the glory of the locality, have happily remained 
in careful hands ; still, as in Queen Mary's time, the striking tower of the 
Church is seen embowered in foliage, conspicuous in its height and from 
its position, standing as it does upon a hill ninety-three feet above the 
level of the adjacent fertile pastures. 

The whole parish contains 3611 acres, of which the rateable value in 
1854 was £4914; it is now £3651. In the upper part, which extends to 
the low range of hills that runs, like a backbone, through the county of 
Huntingdon, the soil is chiefly a strong clay, upon which good crops of 
wheat of excellent quality may be grown ; in the lower parts towards the 


River Nene* it is gravelly loam, forming rich feeding pastures of great 
value. This lower district is liable to floods, the cause at times of great 
loss to the tenants, though not without some compensation from the 
fertilizing deposit which they leave behind when they subside. In the 
upper part of the village there is occasionally a scarcity of water. The 
air is somewhat bracing, but salubrious ; the inhabitants in numerous 
instances have lived to a very great age. 

The houses are as a rule good, and often of picturesque design ; with 
very few exceptions, they are built of the excellent stone with which the 
neighbourhood abounds ; many of them are detached, or grouped in small 
clusters, placed pleasantly on two or three little commons, well sheltered 
by handsome trees. f A pretty village indeed, enjoying many advan- 
tages, and one of which the inhabitants are justly proud. 

Although it is only eight miles from the city of Peterborough, Elton 
is in the diocese of Ely, being the last parish in this direction, and distant 
many miles from its Bishop and Cathedral. 

The population has not greatly varied. There were exceptional 
times when extensive building was going on at the Hall, while the railway 
was in course of formation, and when the working of a patented agri- 
cultural machine was being carried out ; otherwise the numbers appear 
to have been stationary until the last decade, during which there has 
been a decline. The first record we have of the enumeration is entered 
in the Registers, and gives particulars which are of interest; this 
census was taken in 1760 by " Mr. Gaskell, Francis Bradley, and Richard 
Edis." The whole number of inhabitants was 630, which was made up of 

Housekeepers 250 

Children 264 

Servants 116 

Subsequent census returns were as follows : 

In 1792 there were 664 inhabitants. 
1801 „ 738 

1811 „ 717 

1821 „ 785 

1831 „ 738 

* Cowper's description of the Ouse is equally applicable to the TS'ene : 

" . . . . dividing the well watered land, 
Now glitters in the sun, and now retires 
As bashful, yet impatient to be seen." 

" The Task," p. 74. 
t Pottle Green (a corruption from St. Botolph's), near the entrance to the Hall, is very 
striking ; the houses being all good, many of them covered with creepers, and placed round the 
borders of an unenclosed space, adorned with a row of well-grown horse-chestnuts. 



In 1841 there were 844 inhabitants. 















By the courtesy of the Earl of Carysfort, the lord of the manor and 
principal owner of the soil, we are able to give a copy of a valuable manu- 
script, entitled : " Elton Field Book, an accurate survey of the particulars 
of all the Arable, Ley, and Meadow Ground in the Manor of Elton and 
County of Huntingdon, belonging to John Proby, Esq., Lord of the 
Manor ; also an Account of the Inclosures, Homesteads, Commons, and 
the Number of Yard Land, as well Copyhold and Freeholds, with the 
names of the present owners and possessors thereof ; assertained from the 
view and information of a Jury of the Inhabitants and Landholders in 
the said Manor; with large and compleat abstracts drawn from the 
Survey from page 203 to page 365, and a general abstract or Intire view of 
the whole from page 370 to page 381 ; taken and compleated in the years 
of our Lord 1747 and 1748 by Tycho and John Wing, Surveyors." 

From this Survey it appears that the Parish was then divided into — 

1. Inclosure. — Township and Inclosure. 

r Stockhill Field. 
The Upper EndJ Middle Field. 

2. Arable. 

I Brook Field. 

/Arnest Field. 
Middle Field. 

I Eoyston Hill Field. 

f The Upper End Meadow. 
3. Meadow. | The ^^ End Meadow 

In the first of these divisions we find a very interesting enumeration 
of the number of houses and the names of their occupants nearly a 
century and a half ago. We also ascertain that the remainder of the 
parish was then unenclosed, and that certain recognized boundaries 
defined the limits of the land used by the several occupiers. 

A. E. P. 

John Proby, Esqre., had in hand the Manor House Yards and 

Paradise,! with certain other lands containing 37 3 29 

Fra. Hollidge, a messuage and land 4 2 31 

* Census 1861. — In this year there were — 
218 inhabited houses. 
486 males. 
458 females. 
t Compare Xen., " Anab.," lib. i., c. ix. In Celene, " Kvpy PaalAfia iiv km napdStiaos fityat." 


A. E. P. 

"Will. Dexter, a messuage and land 41 3 15 

Rich. Dexter, two messuages and 5 2 7 

Will. Robinson, a mess, and cottage and 7 3 20 

"Will. Freeman, a mess, and house and 14 25 

"Will. Rowlatt, a mess, and cottage and 21 3 16 

Fra. Cook, a cottage 5 35 

Ric. Plowright 16 1 

Fra. Bradley 2 1 26 

Tho. Abbot, a cottage and 11 1 25 

Robt. Brown 2 2 25 

"Will. Goodwin, a messuage and 3 35 

"W d0 "Williamson, cottage and 2 20 

The Town, a house 20 

At Nether End. 

W d0 Cook, cottage house 30 

Richd. Lee, a messuage 1 30 

Robt. Ax, a house 4 

Jno. Gaskill, the "Water Mills 1 30 

John Ousby, a cotage 2 

Robt. Newton, a cotage 1 20 

Tho. Bates, a house 10 

Tho. Morton, a house 4 

John Venters, a house 6 

"Will. Dalley, a messuage 2 10 

"W do Parish, a house (against the corner) 4 

Jno. Samson, a house (against the Pound) 6 

Geo. Chadboum, ahouse 4 

W d0 Stemson, Sheep "Walk Farm 249 

M r Pauk 23 20 

The above appear to have been tenants under the Lord of the 

The following were " Freeholders ": — 

Rich. Dexter, a messuage ) -.o o iq 

two messuages, and a cottage, and J 

M r Munn, mess'ge 6 13 

Jos. Coleman, a messuage 3 1 28 

W do Tomson, a cott in Upper End ") ft 1 26 

a cottage and messuage in Netherend 3 

"Will. Robinson, the Younger 5 2 20 

Fra. Henson, a house in the Up. End ) 4 2 11 

a messuage J 

John Barton, a house and yard in Up. End 35 

John Ford of Lilford 1 25 


A. E. P. 

John Moysey, a messuage in Up. End : 1 3 14 

Will. Moysey, a messuage 2 1 4 

Will. Goodwin, carpenter* 1 10 

Richd. Lee, a homestead 1 12 

Will. Saunders, a mess'ge in Up. End 4 1 32 

Robt. Hewson, a cotage 3 

John Morton, a mess'ge in Up. End 28 

The following all belong to the Nether End : — 

John Bletsoe, a messuage 36 

John Robinson, a house 24 

John Goodwin, a cot. and homestead 1 o q 9 

a messuage J 

Ant. Kingston, two messuages 1 3 30 

Tho. Kingston, a messuage 10 

Robt. Eitz-John, a messuage 10 

Will. Robinson, a messuage ten 1 Sharman "I « o o 

a messuage J 

Jno. Parish, a house 16 

John Selby, a messuage "I „ , „. 

two messuages next the Vicaridg J 

Edwd. Allin, a messuage 1 13 

Richd. Plowright, a cottage "1 -, , „- 

a messuage J 

Will. Dexter, a messuage 10 

Robt. Page, a messuage 1 19 

James Cook, a house 4 

Ann Page, a house 12 

Abel Page, a house 12 

Joseph Hill, a messuage 15 

James Earl, a messuage 24 

Richd. Goodwin,t a mess'ge and orchard "1 ~ „ 2 

a mess'ge next Jas. Mott J 

Will. Heuson ) 

S.Morton } a cotta g e 3 20 

Thos. Mee, a messuage 26 

Thos. Robinson, two messuages 1 35 

Thos. Rowlatt, a house 10 

Rich. Vincent, a messuage 20 

Richd. Bell, a house 4 

* In Chapel Lane. The house is now pulled down, but the boundaries of the garden still 
remain. The walnut-tree was planted sixty years ago, and is now nearly in its prime ; the apple- 
trees, now in full bearing, were grown from pips set at the same time. 

f In the main street there is a house upon which is a sundial, with the date 1726, and the 
initials R. G. 


A. R. P. 

Edwd. Kingston, a house 12 

Elizh. Hawkins, a house 30 

W do Mattison, two houses 18 

Rev. M r Forster, Rector, the Parsonage House ) ,. o ± 

Vicaridge Cottage J 

Tho. Blackborn, a mess 36 

Tho. Plowright, mess, and malt house 2 1 12 

Richd. Edis, a messuage 2 

"Will. Fitz John, a messuage ) 2 2 26 

a cotage J 

Er. Bradley, a messuage 36 

W do Mails, a messuage 30 

Jas. Hott, two messuages 1 1 22 

Tho. Stricksou, a messuage 1 

Jno. Ford of Oundle, a house against the Pound 16 


Richd. Dexter, a cott. and mess, in Nether End 1 1 

Rev. M 1 ' Morgan, a mess'ge 13 6 

Jno. Eathara, a cotage 20 

Rich. Hays, a messuage 16 

Tho. Houton, a messuage 1 16 

Will. Robinson 3 16 

Will. Dexter, a messuage 2 1 

Willm. Robinson, J r , a messuage 1 2 13 

W do Storer, a house on the G-reen 5 

The remainder of the Survey relates to the divisions of the whole 
lands in Elton into various holdings, in furlongs, fields, and minor 

portions, the parish being finally divided into : 

A. b. p. 

1. The Township and Inclosure 566 3 11 

Meadow Land 212 1 15 

Arable 2068 2 38 

Total 2847 3 24 

Thomas Proby, Esq., then owning 952 a. 2 r. 13 p., of which 
325 a. r. 39 p. are described as inclosure, 563 a. 1 r. 31 p. as arable, and 
63 a. 3 r. 23 p. meadow. 

From these extracts there appear to have been, in 1749, one hundred 
and eight inhabited houses in Elton, including the four Almshouses, 
which are not mentioned in the catalogue. There must therefore have 
been a considerable increase in the parish in the next hundred years, for 
we find that in 1861 the number of dwellings had amounted to 218. 


And this corresponds with the growth in the number of the population, 
which also increased from 630 in 1760 to 944 in 1861. A small addition 
to the census returns is recorded in the next decade, when the numbers 
reached their highest figure, 947. From that time the decrease has been 
gradual but continuous ; and as many of the poorest dilapidated dwellings 
have of late years been removed, there is very little, if any, probability of 
any future considerable addition to the number of the good people of Elton. 
A very general change has taken place in the inhabitants themselves 
since the time of the Survey for Mr. Proby. As a proof of this we may 
note that, of the 87 names given in the list of owners and occupiers, only 
seven are now to be found in Elton, and only two names still appear in 
the parish of those who sat as jurors to test the accuracy of the returns ; 
and it is doubtful whether these two, Ellis and Cook, are those of 
members of extant families, or accidental coincidences. Subjoined are 
the declaration and names of the jury : 

We whose names are underwritten Jurors who owe Suit and Service to John 
Proby, Esquire, Lord of the Manor of Elton alias Aylton in the County of 
Huntingdon, upon our view and Inquiry into the truth of the Survey taken 
a.d. 1747 and 1748 by jTycho and John Wing, do find it to be a true and exact 
account and Terrar of the lands and properties lying in the said Manor, and we 
do accept and acknowledge the said Survey as such In Witness whereof we have 
hereunto set our hands this seventeenth day of May in the Tear of our Lord 
1749, the account of the Horse, Cow, and Sheep Commons excepted and we agree 
to settle with the Steward of the Court. 

Ed. Dexter. Nath. Gray his + mark. 

w m bobinson. ffrn s cooke. 

James Motte. William Freeman. 

Thos. Kingston. John Gtdding. 

W m Ellis. John Mears. 

Eobert Brown. Francis Holdich. 

Many of the Field names mentioned in the foregoing records open 
up interesting trains of thought, and carry us back to the events and 
customs of other days. Some suggest at once their origin ; the meaning 
of others is more perplexing. We have extracted a few, and must leave 
them here to insinuate their own reflections : — 

Cawdwell Furlong. Far Stones. 

Gospel Piece. Fox holes. 

Woongdale Furlong. Grimeflake. 

Hollow Pan. Collop Leys. 

Blew-Stone. Dead man's grave Furlong. 

Camp lands. Eaglands. 

Street Way Furlong. Hogs watering. 

Euth Balk. Butterfly meadow. 


Cuckow Balk. Bright Moores "Womb. 

Cheescake alias Sharrnan's Piece. Otterdam. 

Archer's Croft Furlong. Blew Pebble Hyde. 

A picture of the Parish immediately before the Inclosure is easily 
traceable from the valuable particulars given in this Survey. We have 
the Hall and its surrounding enclosed and cultivated ; the Village, 
populous and well furnished with dwellings, each with its messuage or 
garden. Beyond these limits, with the exception perhaps of the Sheep 
Walk Farm, the whole of the land is unenclosed ; defined, however, by 
well-known boundaries, in the occupation principally of the tenants of 
the Lord of the Manor. In the upper part the main roads leading 
through Elton to Oundle, Stamford, and Peterborough would be wide 
and good. These roads were maintained by the Road Trustees, and tolls 
were levied at the turnpike gates, one of which stood at Overend, at the 
junction of the main street of the village with the leading thoroughfare, 
and opposite the pound that is still standing. Although the gates have 
been removed the toll-house remains, and is now in the occupation of a 
labourer. In the lower part, Nether End, we should find ill-formed 
lanes, little better than bridle roads, leading to the rude bridge across 
the Nene — the very name, " Duck Street," by which this way is still 
known, being suggestive of the ditches dividing the tracks from the open 
lands. Here, nevertheless, was to be seen the ancient Rectory House, 
with its picturesque grey stone mullions and gables, not walled in as now, 
but surrounded by a fruitful garden, rich in espaliers, and adorned with 
well-clipped shrubs and hedges. Its distance from the church might be 
matter of surprise, until we remembered how our ecclesiastical ancestors 
were wont to seek shelter and a full supply of water, both of which are 
here, and, with the additional advantage of a deep bed of gravel* for its 
foundation, compensate for the disadvantages of its position in other 
respects. The river was then in constant use for the conveyance of 
goods of various kinds to and from the neighbouring towns. In addition 
to the old bridge, there was a ford near a mill ; there was also a landing- 
place below the Rectory, where barges were unloaded, on a plot of ground 
now merged in the glebe, but held as private property under a separate 
title. To this wharf there was a roadway, which may still be traced, 
through the Rectory grounds, from " Duck Street " to the river. The 
subsequent inclosure, and, at a later date, the formation of the railway, 
completely altered the aspect of the lower part of the village. 

* In No. XL. of " Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica," page 46, it is remarked : " Within 
a mile of Walnsford on the south, but in the Parish of Elton, is a pit where they dig sand, which 
is very remarkable for several sorts, and different strata of red, white, yellow, and black." 

( 16 ) 


" Ibi est Ecclesia." Here in Domesday we have our first record of a 
church in Elton. Of this, the Saxon building, traces were found on the 
removal of part of the north wall of the chancel, for the purpose of 
making an organ chamber, in 1886. Nothing is now apparent of this 
original edifice ; there are, however, two fragments of undoubted Saxon 
tombstones, which must have been coeval with it. These have been 
carefully placed in the north-west side of the churchyai'd, set up upon 
plain stone, in which the proportions of the primitive memorials have 
been observed with great judgment ; they will stand, it is hoped, for 
many ages as our sole remaining links of connection with this distant past. 

Of these ancient Saxon churches, Stow remarks : " But few remain, 
and parts only of those that are found, for the reason that their buildings 
were mostly of wood. It was not until the year 680 that Bennet, Abbot 
of Wirral, master to the Venerable Bede, brought artificers of stone 
houses and glass windows into this Island among the Saxons, arts before 
that time to them unknown, and therefore used they but wooden 
buildings. And to this accordeth Policronicon, who saith that these 
had ye wooden churches : nay wooden chalices and golden priests, but 
since golden chalices and wooden priests. And, to knit up this argument, 
King Edgar in his charter to the Abbot of Malmesbury, dated the year 
of Christ 974, hath words to this effect : All the Monasteries in my 
Realrne to the outward sight are nothing but wormeaten and rotten 
timber and boards ; and that worse is within they are almost empty and 
void of divine service." 

When Sir Robert Cotton visited Elton, and this is the next mention 
we have of the church, he remarks of the chancel that it is " now in a 
ruinous condition." To the restoration of that date we must assign the 
present east window, which differs entirely from all else in the building, 
and is similar in character to others in the neighbourhood, namely, at 
Nassington, Stamford, and in other places. 

From these fragmentary notices we may pass to the church as it 
now stands — a noble building, happy in its proportions as in its position, 


worthy of its place among those of similar excellence, which adorn the 
parishes on either bank of the Nene. 

As it is approached from the west, the lofty square tower forms a 
conspicuous and very beautiful object amidst the trees of the surrounding 
landscape, standing as it does about 93 feet above the river level. The 
remarkable excellence of the masonry, the regularity and closeness of the 
joints of the stonework, combine to produce the impression of a more 
recent building, until a closer inspection proves it to be fifteenth-century 
work, a glorious specimen of Early Perpendicular architecture. The 
structure is remarkable and somewhat uncommon ; the buttresses being 
formed as the building gradually contracts, the base is considerably wider 
than the battlements. It is ornamented at intervals with three bands of 
quatrefoils ; the great west door is deeply recessed, and above it, at the 
base of a niche, is the figure of a dove with wings expanded — an 
allegorical representation, one might almost suppose, of the Holy Spirit, 
descending with blessed influence upon those who enter the Lord's 
House to worship in the " beauty of holiness." Over the south porch, 
which is large and of later date, are three niches, the original receptacles 
of figures of saints (the Church being dedicated to All Saints), which 
were removed, if not at the Eeformation, at the time of the great 
Rebellion, when the stonework was barbarously mutilated. With these 
exceptions the exterior is less striking than the interior. The loftiness 
of the tower takes from the apparent height of the nave, and although 
the chancel is well defined, the south front is less pleasing than the west. 
It appears as if depressed ; the gable crosses have disappeared, and two 
weather-beaten pinnacles alone relieve the monotony. The extreme 
ugliness of the heads on the finials of the hood mouldings on the south 
side of the chancel, and the grotesqueness of the gurgoyles throughout 
the building, are noticeable. Compared with the placidity of those 
within the church, the idea intended to be conveyed is pretty evident — 
the former symbolizing the mortified enmity of the excluded evil spirits ; 
the latter, the calm satisfaction enjoyed by the faithful, who remain as 
worshippers in the House of the Lord. 

But entering by the west door the effect is exceedingly striking. 
Through the noble arch which opens the tower to the nave, the eye takes 
in the full length of the building, 121 feet, while the wide span of the 
chancel opening displays its full proportions. Two other lofty arches, 
one on either side, include the base of the tower entirely within the church. 
In the centre of the tower opening stands the font, supported by piers 
having a quatrefoil section, and standing upon square bases. Four bays 
connect the nave with the aisles ; the width of these is 50 feet, of the 
chancel 19. 


For further particulars we may refer to the work of one* who has 
devoted much time and learning to the description of the churches of the 
district. " The chancel," he says, " though much altered, and the nave 
arcade, are the earliest parts ; they are of early Decorated work, dating, 
perhaps, from 1300 to 1320. The internal features of the chancel are 
in part hidden. In the south wall are three two-light windows, all 
different ; that nearest the east end has a double trefoil, the lights being 
very thin. The next has long thin lancets divided by a thick mullion, 
and a quatref oiled circle above. The last has much broader lights, and 
the tracery is of a much later character, approaching the flamboyant style, 
but the mouldings of all are identical : this window cannot be so old as 
the others. The low side window has been blocked up ; it has the 
original iron stanchions remaining outside. To the west of it there is 
visible a second opening, the use of which has not been satisfactorily 
explained. There are three sedilia, graduated, and a piscina ; the heads 
are cinquefoiled, and they are divided by thin shafts. The hood moulds 
of the window are terminated by heads both internally and externally. 
In the north wall is an aumbry or credence table. The altar levels are 
original, the steps shallow and very broad. The staircase to the rood 
loft is north of the chancel arch. There are two small apertures visible 
from the chancel which seem to be for lighting the staircase. A third 
opening is possibly for a squint, or the upper one may possibly have 
lighted a priest's room over the vestry. The chancel arch has continuous 
mouldings ; the thin inner shafts supporting it are new ; they have the 
nail heads under the capitals. The chancel is twisted to the north." 

In the nave there are low open seats, in which many of the old 
oak bench ends remain, and probably in their original position ; some of 
these are ornamented with the linen pattern. The aisles are of later date 
than the nave, and, as may be seen from the string course outside which 
shews the position of the former roof, somewhat wider than those which 
they superseded. In that to the north there are preserved five carved 
stone heads, which may have been finials to old hood mouldings. Of 
these, one nearest to the east end is a representation of a Roman head, 
which was probably saved from the Saxon building, and made when the 
memory of those whom Faber calls " those awful Romans " still lingered 
in the recollection of the Saxon workmen. The two nearest this are 
merely conventional sculptures. Those to the west are the heads of 
females of an earlv date, in coifs. 

The latest improvements and reparations were made in 1885, when a 
faculty was granted " to strip away and renew the roofs on the north and 

* Sweeting, " Parish Churches." 


south sides, to repair all defective stone and wood work, to cut a door 
through the north wall of the chancel, to close up the present vestry 
door, and replace the same with a window, to take up the floors of the 
two eastern bays of the south aisle, and repave the same with tiles, to 
alter, adapt, and refix the present old seats in the second bay of the 
south aisle," according to plans proposed by J. L. Pearson, R.A., at a 
cost of £940,* to be entirely provided by the Earl of Carysfort. 

During the progress of this work, six square- headed clere-story 
windows with centre mullions were discovered, two on the north, and 
four on the south side of the nave. These were opened and restored. 

Another interesting discovery was the flat alabaster memorial stone of 
Eobert Sapcote, Esq., bearing an incised figure in armour, surmounted by 
the crest, a goat's head, and surrounded by an inscription given elsewhere. 
This stone, which had been turned face downwards and used as a hearth- 
stone, was also preserved, and carefully set upon the floor of the south 
aisle, close to the Earl's Chapel. 

The church thus repaired, restored, and adorned, was reopened with 
appropriate services in July, 1886. It had previously, in 1872, been 
heated with hot water at the expense of the late Earl of Carysfort. 

Of the memorials of departed worthies which the church contains, 
the most conspicuous are two three-light painted and stained glass 
windows erected, in June 1870, to the memory of Admiral Proby, third 
Earl of Carysfort, and of Isabella, wife of Granville Leveson, third Earl. 
They represent scenes in the life of our Lord, and were executed by 
Baillie and Mayor, of Wardour Street, London. There is also a third 
painted window on the south side of the chancel, representing the visit 
to the Lord's tomb, in memory of the Eight Hon. Augusta Maria, widow 
of the fourth Earl, and eldest daughter of the second Earl of Listowel. 
Three other windows — two in the chancel, and the large west window — 

* As usually happens, the actual expenditure far exceeded this estimate, the suras expended 
being — 

£ s. d. 
Mr. Thompson, builder 1,435 6 

Mr. Pearson, architect 98 

1,533 6 

all paid by the Earl of Carysfort. 

In addition to the above his lordship also gave towards the organ. . 146 (Lewis.) 

and to Robinson, for the carved oak case for the organ 105 

1,784 6 
The other half cost of the organ was paid by subscription 146 

1,930 G 
which sum represents the total cost of the last restoration in 1886. 


are filled with heavy stained glass in geometrical patterns, inserted by 
Father Faber, but not in accordance with the improved taste of the 
present day. There was a fourth of the same kind in the north aisle, for 
which a lighter substitution was made by the late Rector. 

No brasses remain. There is the matrix of one in a large stone slab, 
which has been removed at some time from the church to the porch. 
A family so ancient and respectable as the Sapcotes would hardly be 
unrecorded, and the probability is that brasses commemorative of some 
members of the race must have been removed, as so often happens, when 
the nave and chancel were repaved.* The two memorials that we have 
were probably their last records, and we cannot suppose that there was 
nothing to mark the resting place of the numerous members of the 
family whose remains lie beneath the Manor Chapel at the east end of 
the south aisle. These two are remarkable : the earlier is now inserted 
in the north wall in the south aisle above the arcade, and consists of a 
shield of arms cut in stone in bold relief, with an inscription in raised 
letters resting thereon in the place of a crest, " Svre ri chard Sapcote 
Knyght " ; the arms being those of the family : Three dovecots or castles, 
two and one, impaling what appear to be three inverted portcullises or 
gates or weathercocks. This Sir Richard was High Sheriff of Cambridge 
and Huntingdon in 1470 ;f his widow Dame Isabel died in 1493. The 
other is the flat marble (or alabaster) slab, now placed, as has been 
mentioned, adjoining the Earl's Chapel. 

Several mural tablets commemorate various members of the Proby 
family, and a series of flat black marble slabs lies on the floor of the 
chancel over the graves of the Balls, who for about a century were 
Rectors and Patrons of Elton. Subjoined are the descriptions of these, 
and of certain others which are also remaining. 

On the east wall of the south aisle, a neat marble tablet, surmounted 
by the family arms (Ermine, on a fess gules a lion passant or), bears the 
following inscription : — 

Probasti me D ne 
Spe certa resurgendi in Christo 
Heic juxta deposit® sunt exuviae 
Thomaa Proby armigeri filii natu 
Maximi Thomae Proby Baronetti 
hujus Manerii domini Franceses; 
uxore sua natu tertia Thomae 

* In proof of this, compare " Visitation of Huntingdon." 

t " Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica," No. xl., p. 36. " Richard Sapcote, of Elton, 
Knight, the first setter up of the family in Huntingdonshire, was buried at Foderingey anno 
domini 1477." 


Cotton de Cunnington in hoc comitatu 

Baronetti qui optimae spei ju 
venis postquani literis peregrinatione 

et su'ma pietate animum 

diligentur excoluisset decimo octavo 

iEtatis anno et mense ultra decano 

Lenta febre correptus amicis plurimum 

lugentibus quarto die 7bris A salutis 1684 

(heu nimis propere) moriens valedixit. 

At the corner of the south aisle, and behind which a chimney was 
formerly built, is a large marble tablet of some importance, with the 
Proby arms beneath, and bearing this inscription : — 

Spe resurgendi 

Prope hie jacent 

Johannes Proby armigeri 

Henaeagii Proby Baronetti 

Eilius, natu secundus 

Medii Templi socius 

et quondam Thesaurarius 

ad Comitia Kegni pro hoc Comitatu 

frequens dilectus 

Vir vere pius literatus 

Morum indolumque suavitate 

Maritus optimus Pater indulgentissimus 

Erga ingenos munificus 

Erga inferiores perquam humanus 

Erga principem fidelis 

Pacis custos et conservator 

Ex aequo et bono munero perfurigebatur 

Janam Eichardi Cust Baronetti ex agro 

Lincolniensi sibi uxorem adjunxit 

Ex qui unicam habuit filiam 

Tanti patris dignam 

Obiit decimo quarto Novembris 

Anno Salutis 1710 

JStatis 70 

Anno sequenti nempe 1711 

Decimo sexto Decembris 

Decessit Erancisca Johannis 

et Janae Proby filia 

Anno aetatis suae vigesimo 

Moestissimam et inconsolabilem 

relinquena Matrem 


Quae secundo die Maii sequentis 

Pra? dolore et tristitia 

ad plures secuta est, 

Maritum optimum et filiam. 

On the wall of the south aisle, on a plain marble tablet : — 

John Joshua* Earl of Carysfort K.P. 

was born 9 Septr. 1751 

died 7 April 1828 

He left issue 

by his first wife Elizabeth daughter of 

Sir "William Osborne Baronet whom 

He married March 1774 

John born December 1780 

Granville Leveson born September 1783 

Gertrude born March 1782 


by his second wife Elizabeth daughter of 

The Right Hon. George Grenvillef whom 

he married April 1787 

Charlotte born January 1788 

Frances born March 1789 

Elizabeth born April 1792 

He succeeded to the Barony of Carysfort in Ireland 

by the death of his father October 1772 

He was advanced to the dignity of Earl of Carysfort 1 Augt. 1789 

And created a Peer of Great Britain January 1801 

by the Title of Baron Carysfort of Norman Cross. 

This Tablet with its Inscription was put up to his 

memory in the most simple unadorned form by 

his express direction. 

He was tenderly loved and deeply lamented. 

On the south wall of the south aisle, on an oval tablet of stone 
surrounded by a wreath, beneath which is a cherub : — 

M. S. 

Ellenan, Heneagii, Elizabethan 

Franciscan Proby 

* John Joshua Proby, K.P., created Earl by George III., was born at Elton Hall 1780 ; 
succeeded 1828 ; educated at Eugby. M.P. for Buckinghamshire, 1805-1806. General, 1846 ; 
served in Germany, Ireland, and with the Russian army at Zurich, in Egypt, Sweden, Spain 
(Corunna and Tarifa), and at Walcheren ; he commanded a Brigade of Guards at Bergen-op- 

t The Right Hon. George Grenville, First Lord of the Treasury in 1763. 


Parentes inoestissirni Thomas Proby 
Baronettus et Francisca Uxor P.P. A 
Ellena ^ r 10 th 1670 an' 12 

Heneagus I , .. J Augt. 1, 1671 ineus : 6 
Elizabetha f 1 10, 27 1679 set. r 15 

Prancesca J L Augt. 5, 1680 an \ 17 

Deus autem et Dominurn suscitavit 
et nos suscitabit Potentia sua. 

1 Cor. c. 6, v. 14. 

On south wall of south aisle, a marble monument surmounted by an 
urn with arms below, Proby impaling Cotton : — 

Thomas Proby Baronettus 

Dominus hujus Manorii de Aylton 

et aliorum complurum manerorium 

ex antiqua f am ilia oriundus 

Vir egregie pius bene fidus prudens eloquens literatus 

Berum etiam tam domesticarum quam politicarum 


ad Comitia Parliamentaria 

Unanimis corregionalium suffragiis ssepe deputatus 

Singulari semper extitit in Patriam 

officio et fide. 

In matrimonium duxit Franciscam filiam Thoma? 

Cotton de Connington Baronetti ex Alicia altera 

Uxore natu maximam de qua successit filios 

Thomam Heneagium filias autum Prancescam 

Elizabetham Elenum et Aliciam quam unicam 

e liberis ei superstitem reliquit. 

Amicus maritus Pater optimus 

Atrophia diu laboravit tandem morti sucubuit 

xxn die April : setatis lvii annoq' Dom' 


Et juxta huic conditur expectans Besurrectionem 

In cujus memoriam mcestissima conjux 
Pietatis et amoris ergo hoc monumentum 


On a flat black marble slab within the altar rails are the arms of 
Ball impaling Cumberland, and beneath them the following inscription : — 

In memory of 

Eevd. Thomas Ball D.D. 

son of the Bev. Thomas Ball M.A. 

and Elizabeth his wife one of the 

Coheiresses of the Bevd. John Cooper 

"Who founded the Hospital 

of this Town 
He married Anne the eldest 
Daughter of the Bight Bev. 

Bichard Cumberland 
Lord Bishop of Beterborough 
He was one of the Justices 
of the Beace for this County- 
late Bector of this Barish and of 
Cretford in the County of Lincoln 
and a Brebendary of Beterborough 
Who died the 9 th of February 1722 
Aged 55 years. 

At the side of this stone another flat marble, on which is inscribed, 
beneath the armorial bearings : 

In memory of 

The Bev. Samuel Ball LL.D. 

late Bector of this Barish 

who died the 9 th of January 1738 

Aged 32 years. 


In memory of 

Anne Ball the wife of the 

said Samuel Ball LL.B. 

who died the 8 th of November 1735 

aged 27 years. 

And also 

In memory of 

Anne Ball the eldest Daughter 

of the Eev d Thomas Ball D.D. 

who died the 20 th of October 1776 

aged 75 years. 


Also within the altar rails, a flat black slab, bearing the arms of 
Ball with impalement, inscribed : 

Within this Vault 

are deposited the Remains 

of Martha the wife 

of the Rev. Thomas Ball M.A. 

Whose many 
Amiable Qualities when alive 
Rendered her justly esteemed 
And her death greatly lamented 
She died Jany. 30, 1766, aged 29 years. 
Also in the same Vault 
are deposited the Remains 
of the said Thomas Ball D.D. 
Rector of Eriswell 
in the County of Suffolk 
and Great Mas sin gh am 
in the County of Norfolk 
He died June 9, 1789, aged 55 years. 

Another flat black marble slab on the chancel floor, within the rails, 
has an oval sunk recess, with the arms of Forster impaling . . . ., and 
bearing this legend : — 

Underneath this marble stone 

are deposited the remains of 

Jane Forster 

Relict of the late John Forster D.D. 

many years Rector of this Parish 

She died the 2 d of April 1792 

Aged 78 years. 

On the east wall of the chancel, on a marble tablet : — 

Within the vault beneath are 

deposited the remains of 

Jane the eldest daughter of the Revd. 

W m Forster Rector of this Parish 

& of Jane his wife. 

She left this world for a better, 1 st December 1764. 


In grateful remembrance 

of her exemplary behaviour 

to her parents and family 

this marble by them is erected. 

Arms of Forster in a lozenge. 

On a marble tablet on the south wall of the chancel, surmounted by 
an urn, on which have been painted the arms of Forster impaling other 
arms now obliterated, there is this inscription : — 

Here lie the remains of the Eev d and learned 

John Forster D.D. 

Forty nine years Eector of this Parish 

Whose many and singular virtues 

are best testified 

by the sincere regret of his friends and Parishioners 

And the unspeakable grief 

of a grateful and affectionate Family 

He died Feb. 13, 1787, 

Aged 73 years. 

Ye who to this sad urn repair And though his well known voice no more 

And pay the grateful sigh The Gospel's truth display 

Where worn with age and pious care His spotless life as heretofore 

Your Pastor's reliques lie, To Heaven will point the way. 

Trust that his soul in yon bright skies Mark then his virtues erst so bright 

A blissful mansion gains His precepts still regard 

And still beneath its shepherd's eyes Till you in happier realms unite 

His much loved flock remains. And share his just reward. 

On the south wall of the chancel there is a marble memorial to Lord 
Proby, which was removed from its original position in the opposite wall, 
when an arch was inserted for the reception of the organ. This 
unfortunate removal has had the effect of turning the back of a mourning 
figure, sculptured in statuary marble, to the east. Above the figure is a 
baron's coronet, and the family motto, " Manus hcec inimica tyrannis." 
Beneath is the touching record : 

Thy Will be done. 


By their sorrowing brothers and sisters 

To the memory of 

John Joshua, Lord Proby 


eldest son of Granville Leveson 3 rd Earl of Carysfort 

& Isabella daughter of the Hon. Hugh Howard 

born 3 April 1825 died 19 Nov. 1858 

also to 

Hugh, born 27 Augt. 1828 

who was drowned in Australia 

30 Augt. 1852. 

On the wall of the north aisle is a plain marble tablet in memory of 
Samuel Rowlatt, who died May 18, 1814, aged 70, late of Stoke Doyle. 

Conspicuous by their absence are the memorials of the numerous 
Sapcotes who were buried beneath the Manor Chapel. We miss also 
what certainly should be found in Elton Church, some record worthy of 
the Rev. John Cooper, whose charitable foundation has for two hundred 
and seventy years brought comfort to the declining years of so many 
deserving inhabitants of the village. To some who, in this our day, 
are advocates for the extinction of private patronage in the Church, 
it might be a timely consideration that here, as in many other instances, 
among the greatest benefactors are to be found Rectors of Elton, who 
were also patrons of the benefice — notably this founder of the Hospital, 
and Rector Ball, the liberal donor of the costly sacramental plate. 

( 28 ) 



There are five bells, two of which have been recast. 

No. 1 weighs 10 cwt., and has the inscription : " Thomas Norris cast 

me 1631." 
No. 2 weighs 12 cwt., and is inscribed: " ►£• iesus speede me. omnia 

fiant ad gloriam dei. Thomas Norris cast me 1631." 
No. 3 weighs 15 cwt., inscribed : " Tho. Robinson and W. M. Dexter 

Churchwardens 1746. omnia fiant ad gloriam dei." 
No. 4, 18 cwt. : " Thomas Norris cast me 1631. Recast by Mears & 

Co. of London 1864." 
No. 5, one ton: " W. Pix Th : Barker Ch. Wns. 1631. Recast by 

G. Mears & Co. of London 1864."* 

These bells are remarkably melodious ; and as tbeir sound is heard far 
and wide from their elevated position in the belfry, as it comes floating 
down to the Rectory it may well have suggested to the poet Rector the 
well-known lines which are said to have been written at Elton : 

" Far, far away, like bells at evening pealing, 

The voice of Jesus sounds o'er land and sea ; 
And laden souls by thousands meekly stealing, 

Kind Shepherd, turn their weary steps to Thee. 
Angels of Jesus, angels of light, 
Singing to welcome the pilgrims of the night ! " 

The bell-ringers, six in number, are regular!}' appointed by the 
Rector, and consent to be guided by a fixed code of rules suspended in 
the belfry. Among the customary times for ringing are the annual 
Feast Day — formerly held on the first Sunday after All Saints' Day — and 
after morning service when the banns of any well-known couple are 
" asked." Upon the latter occasion a singular term is used : they are 
said to be rung " for a spur." No reason for the use of this phrase is 

* The large bell, recast in 1864, was at the expense of Lady Isabella Proby, whose name is 
commemorated on the marble slab in the churchyard. 


current. We can only conjecture that it is suggestive of an incitement 
to keep the parties " up to the mark," and to urge them forward to 

In the tower is a clock, now disused, with one face only, and that on 
the eastern side, where it is but little seen. In the old church books are 
several entries of payments to the clock " smith." Report says that the 
attempt by this worthy to convert it from a one to an eight-day clock 
was unsuccessful, and that it has never since been " practicable." 

On the south side of the tower there are the remains of a sundial, 
now all but obliterated, but which it is hoped may be renewed. 

Within the church, the plate, books, and ornaments are all 
interesting. The first, with the exception of the oldest chalice and 
paten, was the gift of Rector Ball ; the books were provided by Faber, 
and each one contains his autograph, written at the time of the 
presentation, 1843 ; the altar table, a very handsome one of oak, 
was the gift of Bishop Claughton ; the hangings were presented by 
Mrs. Kempthorne ; the brass cross and candlesticks were offerings from 
a friend to the late Archdeacon. We miss with regret a massive pair of 
candlesticks, the gift of Faber to the church, which unfortunately have 
been alienated, it is feared without much hope of their restoration. 

The church plate is good and interesting, and happily the vessels of 
early date have not been parted with, as has frequently happened, by 
exchange or otherwise on the acquisition of duplicates of more modern 

Of the earlier vessels there are (1) a chalice of silver, 7{ inches high, 
3j inches wide at the bowl, with a silver paten (2), dated 1571, forming 
also a cover to the chalice. A reference to " Old English Plate," by 
W. J. Cripps (p. 195), shews that this plate is somewhat rare. An 
illustration is there given of two pieces exactly similar in form, and 
bearing the same Hall marks, dated 1570, and in use at Cirencester; 
the marks are a fleur-de-lis, the maker's and the Hall mark for 1571-2. 
There is also (3) a chalice of silver, 5f inches in height, the bowl 3 inches 
in diameter, without Hall mark or inscription. 

These three articles were probably procured to replace others that 
were stolen, of which there is mention made in a document preserved at 
the Record Office, which relates that in 2 Edward VI. (1549) there were 
" stolen out of the kepyng of M r Robt. Sapcottes a patten w th a challice 
waienge ij oz. allsoe on other patten was stolne out of the keping of the 
p'sh priste and the Baylif waieng iij oz." 

The remaining plate was the gift of Rector Ball, and bears on each 
vessel similar engravings and inscriptions, viz., the arms of Ball impaling 
Cooper, and the legend, " Ex dono Thomse Ball Rectoris de Aylton, 1670." 


These articles are three in number, and of the dimensions here 
given : — Large silver flagon with lid (4), 11^ inches high, width at base 
7^ inches, at lid 5 inches. Silver paten (5), width 7f inches, height 
2\ inches nearly. A similar paten (6). 

The organ, by Lewis, was procured at the time of the last church 
restoration, by subscriptions of the parishioners and their friends, largely 
supplemented by the Earl of Carysfort. 

Elton churchyard,* which was enlarged in 1869, contains, inclusive 
of the addition and of the site of the church, 1 a. 1 r. 9 p. Its situation is 
beautiful. Being at the summit of a considerable elevation, it affords 
a somewhat distant view into Northamptonshire, the river in the 
foreground, seen here and there among the numerous trees, giving 
animation to the scene. It is traversed from east to west by a broad 
gravelled path much frequented by foot-passengers from " Overend " to 
" Netherend." A stranger would be struck by the unusual number of 
gravestones which surround the church on all sides, none of which, 
however, if we except the two Saxon memorials now set up at the 
north-west end of the yard very near the tower, are of any antiquity ; 
neither is there anything remarkable in the epitaphs. Many great ages 
are recorded. The ancient custom of planting and placing flowers upon 
the graves is largely observed. It is no uncommon sight on a Sunday 
morning to find villagers replacing faded flowers by fresh ones, reminding 
one of the pathetic lines on " Fair Fidele's grassy tomb" : 

" Then to her grave shall village maidens hring 
Selected garlands each returning spring ; 
Selected sweets in honour of the maid, 
Who underneath the mossy turf is laid." 

The little enclosed spaces round a few graves belonging to various 
families are planted with the old fragrant cabbage-rose, red and white 
pinks, daisies, and such like perennials. As a rule these miniature 
gardens are cared for and well kept. Yew-trees somewhat thickly 
planted will soon, if not carefully pruned, encroach " upon the available 
portion of the ground. One, near the south porch, which was very 
ornamental, has unfortunately been removed, and it will be years before 
the young plant intended to replace it can attain to any considerable size. 

At the south-east end of the churchyard is the burial-place of the 
family of the Lords of the Manor, the Earls of Carysfort. Adjoining the 
east end of the chancel lie the remains of the Bishop of Colombo, and 

*".... A spot of holy ground, 

Where from distress a refuge may be found, 
And solitude prepare the soul for Heaven." 


Saxon ittemortal Stones. 


some of bis children. Some three or four tombs, enclosed by iron 
railings, commemorate departed worthies of the parish. An air of 
neatness pervades the sacred spot ; how preferable in its quiet simplicity 
to the crowded cemeteries which the teeming population of our towns 
has rendered inevitable at the present day ! 

The following inscriptions are of interest. 

On two flat marble slabs, at the foot of a white marble Latin cross, 
enclosed within a railing, round which is a flower border, at the south-east 
end of the chancel : 


to the memory of 

Granville Leveson Proby 

4 th Earl of Carysfort 

Born September 14 th 1825 

died at Florence May 18 th 1872 

Aged 46 

Buried here May 30, 1872. 

" Abide with us, for it is towards 
evening, and the day is far spent." 


To the Memory of 

Lady Augusta Maria Hare 

Countess of Carysfort 

Eldest daughter of William 2 nd 

Earl of Listowel 

Born May 31, 1832, died in London 

March 24, 1881, aged 48 years 

buried here March 29, 1881, 

Sacred to the Memory of 

The Lady Fanny Proby. 

On the 15 th day of May 1863 

She was called from a life of pain and sickness 

to live where pain and suffering are unknown. 

They whose days she here gladdened have 

placed this stone over her mortal remains 

Weeping their own loss rejoicing in her gain. 


By the side of the daughter he loved so well 

rest the mortal remains of 

Granville Levison Pro by 3 ,d Earl of Carysfort 

who died .... 3, 1868 

aged 86 years. 

" O Lord of hosts, blessed is the man that trusteth in Thee. 
" Righteousness shall go before Him ; and shall set us in the way of his steps." 

Psalms 84 and 85, verses 12 and 13. 

Near the foot of the Carysfort tombs, beneath a cross 

In memory of 

Lord Claud Hamilton 

Born July 27, 1813. Died June 3, 1884. 

Post tenebras lux 
In luce spes 
In obitu pax 
Post obitum salus. 

The enclosure of Bishop Claughton's burial-place is formed on three 
sides by iron palisades, and on the fourth by the eastern end of the 
chancel wall. Within it on a marble cross is the inscription : 

In memory of 

Piers Calveley 


Late Bishop of Colombo 

Formerly Eector of this Parish 

Died 11 Augt. 1884 

Aged 70 years. 

There are also within the enclosure two small stones, bearing 
respectively these memorials : 

T. C. 


Caroline Edith 


Died March 14, 1858 

aged 13 months. 


The remains of the late Rector, Archdeacon Kempthorne, lie near 
those of his sister at the north-east corner of the churchyard. A 
handsome cross of Ketton stone has lately been placed at the head of his 
grave, inscribed : 

Here rests in the Lord 

Kichard Kempthorne 

28 years Eector 

Born 3 November 1804 

Died 24 October 1888. 

For many years there has been a resident Wesleyan Minister in 
Elton, and one of good repute is buried in the churchyard at the west 
end under a flat stone, upon which there is a cross in relief, the whole 
enclosed by iron palisades. The inscription is : 

In memory of the Reverend Isaac Aldom, Wesleyan 

Minister, who died April 29, 1859, aged 69 years. 

" Unto you therefore which helieve He is precious." 

Also of Elizabeth, Relict of Isaac Aldom, who died 
April 11 th 1875, aged 78 years. 

" There the weary are at rest." 

" Under the shadow of Thy cross I rest." These words are engraved 
upon a Latin cross, stepped at the base : 

In loving memory of 


Widow of James Ellis 

born May 29, 1801 

died Jan. 15, 1855. 

To fall asleep is not to die. 

To dwell with Christ is better life. 

Upon a massive body stone of polished granite is the simple record 

John Laurance 
born 2 Augt. 1808 
died 22 May 1888. 


Upon the death of Mr. Laurance, a bier for the use of the 
parishioners was provided as a mark of respect and regard ; an uncommon 
and useful memorial. This is preserved within the church, and is always 
in request at funerals. 

Of the remaining numerous memorial stones, we select only two 
or three. 

One to Jane Goodwin, who died January 30, 1870, aged 92 : 

Under total loss of eyesight in old age 

She often thanked God for a Grant from 

Heatherington's Charity to the Blind. 

" Whereas I was blind, now I see." — S. John, ix. 25. 

In a large enclosure a central four-sided stone records several 
members of the family of Peach, one of whom died in his ninety- 
fourth year. 

Another commemorates : 

"William son of 

the late Eev. Thomas "Willan 

Yicar of Corby cum Irtham 

born Jany. 1, 1865 

died May 13, 1882. 

There are stones in memory of the families of Morton, Adson, Hayes, 
Franklin, Selby, Dexter, Dempsey, Weldon, Godwin, Plowright, Kirkby, 
Deer, and many others, of whom no descendants now remain in Elton. 


( 35 ) 



The Rectory House stands in the lower part of the village, about half a 
mile from the church, and a quarter of a mile from the river. It is of 
considerable size (Faber called it "a great Anglican parsonage"), built 
of grey stone — Barnack and Ketton in the older parts, Sutton in the 
later additions. The structure is picturesque, being formed with bold 
gables, above which the characteristic Northamptonshire chimneys are 
conspicuous features. The centre of the building is the oldest part, and 
is probably Elizabethan, and it was in the staircase windows, which 
are still unaltered in their masonry, that the armorial bearings from 
Fotheringhay were inserted when that castle was demolished at the close 
of the reign of James I. This portion of the house now connects the 
library, as arranged by Faber, with the old wainscoted dining-room, 
and the drawing room, the work of Bishop Claughton. A bold Tudor 
gateway, leading to the offices, was brought from Warmington, and 
placed in its present position by Rector Claughton. In the time of 
Dr. Fisher a very large tithe-barn stood near the present entrance gates, 
along the wall adjoining the road. This was removed in 1843, and the 
material used in the wall of the kitchen garden, and in raising that on 
the east of the pleasure ground. The stables, which Faber proposed to 
convert into almshouses, bear the date 1826. 

This notable old Rectory is surrounded by a goodly number of 
well-grown trees, among which horse-chestnuts and elms are most 
conspicuous. A noble plane stands in the field below the garden, and 
there also are limes, elms, and sycamores. A cedar on the lawn now 
growing into beauty was planted by F. W. Faber forty-eight years ago. 
At the same time several clumps of trees and shrubs were planted 
between the house and the river ; gravelled paths leading to these 
plantations afforded pleasant walks to which the parishioners were 
admitted. These unfortunately have all been destroyed ; so also have 
twelve trees planted by Faber, and called by him by the names of the 
twelve Apostles. They were removed, it is said, at the time of the sale of 
his effects after his departure from the parish. One, which had been 


replanted in a garden on Pottle Green, remained there for a short time, 
but was afterwards removed or died. 

It adds much to the comfort and healthfulness of the inmates 
of the Rectory that it stands upon a deep bed of good gravel — a 
compensation for its proximity to the river, which might otherwise be 

List op Eectoes since the Yeab, 1462.* 
1462. Tho. Maunchett. 

1462, Oct. 12. John Lylford (Eamsey Ab. Patn.). 
1465, April 13. Mr. Tho. Toby {ibidem). 
1467, Sept. 20. Mr. Will. Banke (ib.), died 1488. 
1488, July 30. Mr. Eic. Skipton (ib.). 
1494. Mr. Boger Wood, A.M. (ib.). 
1508, Sept. 17. Eic. Pollet, LL.D. (ib.). 
1510, June 25. M r Will. Oldham (E.), died the same year. 
1510, July 18. Mr. Peter Burnell (E.).f 
1534. Brereton, S.T.P. 
1552. Thomas Willan. 
1561. Eichard Stephenson. 
1563. William Dickenson. 
1629. John Cooper. 
1661. Thomas Ball, A. B. 
1708. Thomas Ball, S.T.P. 
1723. Eichard Cumberland. 
1731. Samuel Ball, LL.B.J 

1737. John Ball. 

1738. John Forster, S.T.P. 
1787. Philip Fisher, D.D. 

1842. Piers Calveley Claughton, D.D. 

1843. Fred. Wm. Faber, MA. 

1845. Piers C. Claughton, D.D. (second time). 
1860. Eichard Kempthorne, M.A. 
1889. Eose Fuller Whistler, MA. 

Of the Rectors of Elton it may be remarked that few country 
parishes shew a more noteworthy catalogue. It will be said, perhaps, 
that this is in a great measure owing to the vesting of the patronage in 
an Oxford College of good repute, and this is, to a certain extent, true ; 
but other good and able men preceded the worthies thus appointed, 

* There was also a chauntry priest who is thus mentioned : " Aylton. Cantaria. Robtus 
Andrewe Cantarest' ib'm. Valet in proficiscis prevenien' de cantariu' ib'm vz in pecuniis nuni'as 
de mag'ro collegii de Foderingay per an'm 6 12 4." 

t For these particulars thanks are due to the Rev. W. D. Sweeting, Vicar of Maxey, who 
supplied them after researches in the Lincoln Registry. 

X Afterwards LL.D. 


"vixere fortes ante Agamemnona multi." Possibly an old Puritan 
divine, one who vacated Lis Rectory rather than subscribe to the Act of 
Uniformity, may be considered, if not the most learned Rector, yet the 
greatest benefactor to his parish ; and there were others of mark, good 
and able men, before the responsibility of the appointment rested with 
University College. But whether the patronage was in private hands, or 
in the semi-public disposal of the College, the result has been satisfactory, 
and for the last three hundred years it must be admitted that under no 
other system of appointment could a better series of Rectors, on the 
whole, have been selected. 

Of Dr. Brereton, the tenth on the list, we have no particulars 
further than that he was a man of good degree (S.T.P.), and that he 
either died or resigned in 1534. Probably he was a member of the Norfolk 
family of the same name, who in the present day are largely identified 
with the cause of middle-class education in that county, and of which 
many worthy incumbents have served the Church in their generation. 

Of his immediate successor, Thomas Willan, nothing further is on 
record, excepting the date of his departure, 1552. It is, however, a 
remarkable coincidence, if nothing more, that an individual of the same 
surname, the son of the Rev. Thomas Willan, Vicar of Corby cum 
Irtham, spent his last days in Elton, and was buried, in 1882, in Elton 

Richard Stephenson, who died in 1561, is also in other respects 

Of William Dickenson, the next in order, we find frequent traces. 
For many years his name and the names of members of his family occur 
in the Parish Registers, and with this peculiarity, that wherever we 
meet with them the eye falls at once upon the several entries, which are 
always larger than others, and in old English characters. His tenure of 
the living was a long one, extending from 1563 to 1614. He was the 
transcriber of some of the earlier entries, if not of all, until in due course 
his own burial is thus noticed : " M r William Dickenson parson of this 
Parish of Aylton was buried att Oundle upon Thursdaie the xxvii th daie 
of Julie and when he had been parson 50 years and upwards." 

The Register Books furnish the following brief pedigree: — 

William Dickenson,=f=Ann (wyffe of William Dickenson, paraon of 
Rector of Aylton. Aylton), buried 20 July 1592. 

Simon Dicken- Ann Dickenson, Stephen Dicken- Martha Elizabeth 

son, bap. 30 Sep. bap. 25 Feb. son, bap. 30 Aug. Dickenson, Dickenson, 

1571. 1575. 1579. bap. 6 June bap.l8April 

1583. 1591. 


After one other entry of the name, " 7 Sep. 1595 bap. the daughter 
of John Dickenson named Ann," the family disappears from the parish. 

The Rev. John Cooper, Founder of Cooper's Hospital, was Rector 
from 1629 to 1661. The first mention of the family is an entry in the 
register of the baptism of his eldest daughter Dorothy, baptized 1628, 
followed by that of his eldest son, also John, on the 23rd May 1630. 
These are soon succeeded by that of the burial of his wife, " Mrs. Dorothy 
Cooper," on the 17th March 1636, and those of other descendants. He 
is mentioned in Calamy's " Nonconformists 5 Memorial " as " Patron of 
the valuable Parsonage (Elton), which he held till 1662 {sic), when, being 
unable to keep it himself on account of the new terms of conformity, he 
gave it Mr. Ball, who married his daughter, the son of the worthy 
Mr. Ball, of Northampton. Mr. Cooper was a grave, venerable person of 
the Puritan stamp, and a man of great note in this country for the piety 
of his life, the prudence of his conduct, and his ministerial abilities." 

In his scheme for the foundation of the Almshouses he tells us that 
he was descended from the family of the Coopers of Lancashire. Beyond 
that we know nothing of his forefathers. He appears to have settled at 
Elton before his appointment to the living,* and after his resignation to 
have resided with his son-in-law at the Rectory until his death, which 
happened in March 1664. He was buried at Elton, and though no stone 
marks his grave, his memory will ever be green in the parish which has 
so largely benefited by his bounty. " His body is buried in peace, but 
his name liveth for evermore." 

The entry of his burial is suggestive of the appreciation of his worth 
by his late parishioners: "1664. The Right Reverend M r Cooper 
the late most charitable and pious pastour of this Parish was buried 
March 13 th ." 

Thomas Ball, who married one of the coheiresses of John Cooper, 
succeeded to the Rectory of Elton on the deprivation of his father-in-law, 
and held it for about forty-seven years, from 1661 to 1708. He was a 
Doctor of Divinity, and the donor of the communion plate which bears 
the inscription: "Ex dono Thomse Ball, Rectoris de Aylton, 1670." 
About the year 1678 he (with Sir Edward Turner) found a horse under 
the Militia Act. He was buried at Elton. 

Thomas Ball, D.D., son of the above-named Thomas Ball, succeeded 
his father as Rector in 1708, and died in 1722, aged fifty-five years. He 
married the eldest daughter of the Right Rev. Richard Cumberland, 
Bishop of Peterborough, by whom he was made a Prebendary of that 
Cathedral. He was also Rector of Gretford in the county of Lincoln, 

* From the fact of his eldest daughter having been born in 1628. 


and a Justice of the Peace for the county of Huntingdon. His burial is 
thus recorded: "1722. The Eev. Thos : Ball D.D. late Rector of this 
Parish Feb. 16, 17ff, buried." His body lies within the chancel rails, under 
a black marble slab, on which the particulars here given are recorded. 

To Dr. Ball succeeded his nephew Richard Cumberland in 1723. He 
vacated the living in 1731, and as there is no mention of his burial at 
Elton, the conjecture of Sweeting that he was promoted to be Bishop of 
Clonfert and Kilmore may be correct. 

Another member of the Ball family was the next Rector, but only 
for six years. The Rev. Samuel Ball, LL.D., with his young wife Anne, 
both died young, and were buried near their relatives within the chancel. 
He was thirty-two, and she but twenty-seven. 

Of John Ball, the last member of this family who were Rectors for 
rather more than a hundred years, we only know that he was instituted 
in 1737, and resigned in the following year. The advowson was then 
soon afterwards sold, during the incumbency of Dr. Forster, to University 
College, Oxford, who were the Patrons of Elton from 1760 to 1884, when 
it passed by purchase, with the consent of the Land Commissioners 
of England, to Mrs. Augusta Whistler, elder daughter of the late 
James Watts, Esq., of Battle, in Sussex, to whom it now belongs. 

After the purchase of the advowson by University College, it was 
twenty-five years before they could exercise their right of presentation. 
During that time Dr. Forster was Rector, who had been instituted in 
1738, and served the parish until his death 1787. It is a remarkable fact 
that between the years 1563 and 1842 there were four Rectors who held 
the Rectory of Elton between them for no less than 202 years, viz., 
William Dickenson 51, Dr. Ball 47, Dr. Forster 49, and Dr. Fisher 55. 

It appears that Dr. Forster spent the whole time of his ministry, 
after he was ordained priest, in Elton, having been appointed Rector at 
the early age of twenty-four. He was buried in the church in February 
1787 ; see the tablet on which he is commemorated. A sermon preached 
by him in 1764, at the Huntingdon Assizes, is still extant. 

The next Rector, who was the first nominee of University College, 
Oxford, was instituted July 12, 1787, and held the preferment until 1842. 
From Dr. Bright,* Master of the College, we learn that " he was entered 
in April 1766 at the early age of fifteen, was elected Fellow in 1770 
(being then only nineteen), and from 1773 to 1787 his name always 
appears as one of the Tutors of the College ; in that year it is no longer 
to be found, no doubt because he took the living of Elton." The 
Master adds : " He must, however, have been very old." He was the 

* See a letter dated March 6, 1890, to the Eev. E, F. Whistler. 


second son of John Fisher, Clerk, of Peterborough. The following short 
pedigree is interesting: — 

John Fisher, M.A., Vicar of St. John Baptist, Peterborough, 1766.=p 

John Fisher, D.D., Philip Fisher, D.D.,=y=Mary Eoberts of Brentford. 

Bishop of Salisbury. Rector of Elton, etc. 

Philip Scott, A son. "William, only surviving Frances, Jane, A daughter. 

b. 1794. son ; Rector of Poulshot b. 1792. b. 1797. 

and Prebendary of Salis- 
bury, born at Elton 
2 March 1799; died 1840. 

Dr. Fisher was also Canon of Norwich, and for thirty-eight years 
Master of the Charterhouse, where he died and was buried. For the first 
seventeen years of his incumbency his residence at Elton was continuous. 
After his appointment to the Charterhouse, although he kept the Rectory 
in his own hands, his visits to his parish were at rare intervals ; his 
family, however, were more often there. For the last twenty-three years 
of his life the parish was served by a Resident Curate, the Rev. Mr. 
Symonds, the Doctor only officiating occasionally. He is still remembered 
by one or two of the oldest inhabitants, and is described by them as tall 
and thin, scrupulously neat in his attire, very ecclesiastical-looking in 
shovel hat, knee breeches, and silver-buckled shoes ; and this agrees with 
the portrait of him in possession of the Earl of Carysfort. 

Many reminiscences serve to recall not only the man, but also the 
characteristics of the times in which he lived. Lady Carysfort quotes 
from a letter of her mother, who remembered the Doctor, that " he was 
good-natured and easy, and the parish was managed by dear good 
Mrs. Fisher and the three Miss Fishers, all very excellent and active. 
I have heard (she writes) Dr. Fisher relate that when a young man he 
had the honour of taking a dish of tea with old Dr. Johnson. Dr. Fisher's 
brother was Bishop of Salisbury and Preceptor to the Princess Charlotte. 
Miss Burney mentions his bi^other coming with him." 

Her ladyship again quotes from another letter that " the Doctor did 
not like Elton at all until he got a Canonry at Norwich. He told Lord 
Carysfort that there were nothing but lords and fox-hunters to speak to. 
The Miss Fishers were very happy in the parish. The Doctor always 
took the newspaper up into the reading desk when the Curate preached." 

It is said that a Bishopric was offered to Dr. Fisher, but that on 
adding together the proceeds of his various preferments, he thought it 
the better plan to decline the honour. 


Dr. Fisher was not unmindful of his parishioners at Elton while 
absent from them, as the following letter will shew. The Richard 
Goodwin to whom it was sent was the last of an old local family in the 
male line, and on the death of his daughter Mrs. Kirkby, the race will 
become extinct in the parish. He was a carpenter who lived upon his 
own little property in Chapel Lane ; the buildings have been pulled 
down, and only the orchard remains to shew where the shop and 
cottage stood. 

Norwich, Nov. 29 th , 1825. 
Richabd Goodwin, 

In consideration of your long Services I have given you an appointment 
to the situation of a Peusioner at the Charterhouse. You will find this to be a 
comfortable retreat in your old age and a compleat provision for you. In order 
to settle your affairs at Elton, I will allow you to remain there till the 14 th of 
December : but on that day (that is to say on "Wednesday the 14 111 ) you must 
come up to London. I advise you to secure yourself a Place by the Coach called 
Truth and Daylight which passes the Cabin every morning by I believe seven 
o'clock — but the people at the Cabin will tell you exactly when you must be 
there. "When you get to London tell the Coachman to set you down at the 
Three Cups in Aldersgate Street, and I will have somebody there in waiting to 
bring you to the Charterhouse. You must remember that you are expected 
to bring with you two pair of sheets. That is all you require. Of course you 
will bring with you your wearing Apparel and what money you may be worth. 
If you have any difficulty in reading this note, or understanding what you are to 
do, shew it to M r Cook who will explain it to you. 

I am, 

Your friend, 

Philip Fishes. 

What an old-world flavour there is about this excellent letter ! It 
takes us back to days before the introduction of railways ; we almost see 
the old man waiting at the cross- ways on the Great North Road, leaving 
his house and family for the home where he was to end his days, amid 
the throng of the distant city of which he probably knew only by hearsay. 
How characteristic also it is of the writer and of the period in which he 
wrote ! Precise and particular, without one needless word, and with every 
necessary direction. "Worthy indeed of one who had been called to 
preside over that noble foundation, the haven of rest to weary souls of 
widely different position, from those of whom the grand old Colonel 
Newcome was a type, to this respectable village carpenter ! 

It may be interesting to note that the trees, now growing in the 
garden where Goodwin's house and shop formerly stood, were planted by 
his wife immediateby after her marriage in 1812; the walnut-tree, in its 



prime or nearly so, is therefore now (1891) seventy-nine years old, as also 
are tlie apple-trees, all orginally raised from pips by Mrs. Goodwin; 
these latter, although not grafted, producing excellent fruit. 

He was buried in the Charterhouse Chapel at the east end, and 
above his grave there is a neat memorial stone divided into two 
compartments, and bearing the following inscriptions : 

Hie prope conjugem dilectissimam 
Qui semper in votis erat 

Conditus est 

Philippus Fisher S.T.P. 

Canonicus Norvicensis 

et per annos xxxviii hujus 

hospitii magister 

Vir am ore literarum 

constantia et predentia 

his insignis 

Summis sevi sui viris 

amicitia conjunctus 

In filiorum ingenio studiis 

moribus colendis 

Solicitus et sagax 

Annos vixit xcn 

Decessit die Januarii 

decimo nono 

Anno Saero mdcccxlii 

In alto quiescit 

G-ulielmus filius unicus e tribus superstes Patri optimo 

desideratissimo titulus posuit. 

Which may be rendered : 

Here near his most dearly loved wife 

which was always his desire 

Is buried 

Philip Fisher, Doctor of Divinity, 

Canon of Norwich, 

and for 38 years Master 

of this Hospital. 

A man conspicuous for 

his love of literature, 

constancy and prudence. 

Allied in friendship to 

the greatest men of his age, 

Careful and prudent 


in training the intellect of his sons 

in learning and morality. 

He lived 92 years. 

Died 19 January 

In the sacred year 1842. 

He rests on high (or in the deep, i.e. below). 

"William, the only son out of three who survived 

the best and most dearly loved Father, 

The inscription has placed. 

To Dr. Fisher succeeded Dr. Piers Calveley Olaughton, who was 
twice Rector; in the first instance from 10 June 1842 to February 1843. 
After an interval of nearly two years, during which Mr. Faber was 
Incumbent, he was reappointed by University College, and instituted 
8 December 1845. He continued Rector until 1860, when, by some 
arrangement,* Richard Kempthorne, then Archdeacon of St. Helena, took 
his place, and he was consecrated the first Bishop of St. Helena. Before 
his departure he signed the Elton Registers as " Piers, St. Helena," which 
would be his signature as Bishop of that newly formed diocese. 

While Rector he promoted many needful alterations and improve- 
ments in the church and residence, both of which, owing to the 
prolonged non-residence of his predecessor, were sadly in need of 
attention. He began the first restoration of the church, which he found 
encumbered with a gallery and unsightly inconvenient pews. To the 
house he made considerable additions, chiefly at the west end, where he 
entirely built the drawing-room wing. The grounds were no less the 
objects of his care. He planted largely, and laid them out with taste 
and judgment. With his parishioners and neighbours he lived on terms 
of kindly intercourse, and there are many living who look back with 
grateful satisfaction to their pleasant Sunday walks in the Rectory 
grounds. He was greatly endeared to his people, among whom some 
of his happiest days were spent ; a conclusion to which we are led by the 
name he gave to his youngest child (Elton Felix), born as he was about 
to leave this early home for distant lands, and by his wish to rest at last 
as he does, in his old churchyard when his " travelling days were done 


* It is said that Mr. Claughton exchanged the Eectory of Elton for the Archdeaconry of 
St. Helena, then about to be constituted a Bishopric ; and that the College, at the request of their 
former tutor, consented to this exchange. 


He died in London on the lltli August 1884, and from the various 
public notices which appeared about the time of his death, we are able to 
gather full particulars of his life and career. 

Dr. Claughton was born in 1812, a younger son of the late Thomas 
Claughton, M.P., of Haydock Lodge, in the county of Lancaster, his 
mother being the daughter of Thomas Peter Leigh, of Lyme Park, 
Cheshire. He was educated at Repton School and University College, 
Oxford, where he took a First Class in 1835. He also gained the prize 
for the Chancellor's Prize Essay in 1837, the subject of which was "The 
Concurring Causes which assisted the Promulgation of the Religion of 
Mahomet." He was elected Fellow and Tutor of his College, Public 
Examiner and Select Preacher. Ordained in 1837, he was presented to 
Elton, and there all his children were born. On Whitsun Tuesday, 1859, 
he was consecrated as Bishop of St. Helena, together with the Bishops of 
Bangor and Brisbane. The most notable event of his short tenure of 
that See was the part he took at the Cape Synod in the condemnation 
of Bishop Colenso. In 1862 he was translated to the See of Colombo, 
and this he successfully administered for eight years. In 1870 he 
returned to England, and was soon after appointed Archdeacon of 
London and Canon of St. Paul's. In 1875 he was nominated, by Lord 
Cranbrook, Chaplain to the Forces. The multifarious duties now 
devolving upon him he fulfilled with zeal, ability, and success, taking also 
a leading part in the debates of Convocation. While thus occupied he 
was called to his rest in his seventieth year, at North wick Terrace, in 
London, and shortly afterwards buried at Elton, where probably the 
happiest part of his life was passed. 

His funeral, the ceremonial of which was impressive and touching, 
has been thus described : 

" The body was removed from North wick Terrace to St. Paul's a 
little before ten. The outer coffin of oak, on which was a long Latin 
cross and the simple inscription ' Piers Calveley Claughton, Bishop, 
Born Jany. 8, 1814, Died Augt. 11, 1884,' was placed in an open funeral 
car, and covered with a violet pall and a large number of floral crosses and 
wreaths. The four sons, Mr. H. W. Claughton, H.M. Inspector of Schools, 
Captain F. A. C. Claughton, Mr. Charles E. J. Claughton, and Mr. Alan 
Claughton, accompanied the body to St. Paul's, where they were met by 
his brother (the Bishop of St. Albans), his son-in-law (Sir John Douglas), 
his nephew (the Rev. J. R. Whittington, Rector of Orsett), Lord Crewe, 
Sir Hastings Doyle, the Hon. Mrs. Claughton, several other ladies of the 
family, and Dr. Humby. 

" The body was met at the western door- of the Cathedral by the 
choir and the Bishop of London, the Dean, Canon Gregory, Canon 


Liddon, the Ai-chdeacon of Middlesex, Prebendary Harry Jones, Minor 
Canons Milman, Simpson, and Kelby. As the procession passed through 
the crowded nave of the Cathedral the opening sentences of the Burial 
Office were sung. The coffin was placed on tressels, covered with violet 
cloth, in front of the entrance to the choir. The 90th Psalm having 
been sung, the Dean read the lesson, after which the hymn ' The sower 
went forth sowing ' was sung. While the body was borne down the 
nave the Dead March in ' Saul' was played. 

" There was a large and, on the whole, reverent crowd outside the 
western door of the Cathedral when the body was replaced on the funeral 
car, and conveyed to King's Cross Station for conveyance to Elton. 
The War Office was represented by Sir R. Thompson, and among the 
Chaplains to the Forces present were the Revs. C. A. Selbe (Senior 
Chaplain in Egypt in 1882), R. A. Corbet (Wellington Barracks), and 
R. Halpin (Chaplain to the Duke of Cambridge). There were also present 
Canon Ingram, Mr. Currey, Mr. Spottiswoode, and many other well- 
known clergy and laity. The coffin arrived at Peterborough at three 
o'clock, and from thence was conveyed by road to Elton, a distance of 
nine miles. The service there was conducted by Archdeacon Kempthorne, 
assisted by Mr. Gibbs. The village choir headed the procession. The 
grave was thickly strewn with flowers, many contributions being made 
by the parishioners, by whom their old Rector was always held in the 
greatest respect." 

Preaching at St. Paul's on the following Sunday, Canon Liddon thus 
referred to the late Bishop : " When he could do no more, he lifted his 
hands as far as his failing strength allowed, and exclaimed to those who 
felt that he was taking leave of them, ' Sursum corda.' 

" Bishop Claughton occupied a position in this Cathedral and in this 
Diocese which could not but make his death an event of importance in 
the Church ; but, in addition to the duties thus devolving upon him, he 
had, during the last nine years of his life, discharged others of far greater 
consequence. No Archdeaconry or Canonry in the country — perhaps only 
a few Sees — can compare, in respect of their spiritual opportunities, with 
the great position of Chaplain-General of the Forces. Its occupant has, as 
his Hock, men of all ranks and ages of life, belonging to a profession 
which perhaps more than any other suggests the precarious nature of our 
earthly existence. And thus, despite the great dangers, morally speaking, 
of a soldier's life, he is often beyond other men alive to the claims and 
importance of religion. Ever since the days of the Centurion Cornelius, 
God has had some of His most faithful servants in the ranks of the army ; 
and in all ages of Christianity, Peter has had his work in the army too — a 
work which for its variety and vastness of opportunity is well nigh unrivalled 


in the whole field of the Church. Those who watched the manner of life 
which the late Bishop led must often have feared that he had undertaken 
duties beyond the strength of any one man ; it is hardly doubtful that he 
shortened his days by the strenuous effort to discharge them worthily. 
To appreciate what he did in this great sphere of exertion would be 
quite impossible for one who only looked on from a distance ; but any 
man's associates may venture to say not what is, but what has appeared 
to them to be the leading features in his character and disposition. 
Doubtless a human character is far too complex a thing to warrant us 
in pronouncing decisively that this or that is its dominant or most 
conspicuous attribute ; those, for instance, who know a man intimately 
may form a different conclusion from that of those who knew him only 
as an acquaintance. Speaking then with all needful reservations, I 
should point to Bishop Claughton's habitual serenity as his most striking 
characteristic. Serenity is not an ordinary excellence ; it is a great and 
even a sublime endowment, and in certain circumstances it implies a 
great deal beyond itself. 

" Bishop Claughton had presided over two Colonial Dioceses, and had 
then returned to England with the authority and experience of high 
office, when he found himself a member of the Chapter of St. Paul's. 
He then entered a body in which of course he could not preside, and 
composed of men one half of whom were considerably his juniors in age, 
while all of them were of a lower order than his own in the Christian 
ministry. He entered it in stirring times, and to find that questions of 
public religious interest were discussed in terms of perfect equality. In 
such a body wide differences of judgment are occasionally inevitable, and 
the conclusions arrived at are, from time to time, unwelcome to each of 
its members in turn. 

" Bishop Claughton's character revealed itself in the unruffled temper 
with which he discussed subjects on which he felt strongly, and listened 
to opinions from which he altogether dissented, and accepted decisions 
which he had felt it his duty to dispute. It was not the calm of 
indifference or torpor, for he was certainly a man of strong feelings and 
opinions : it was the serenity of a man who has temper, impulse, passion, 
well in hand, who is in the deepest sense of the phrase his own master ; 
who is not to be surprised into violence, or forced into sulkiness, by 
unforeseen opposition, or disappointment, or defeat ; who looks beyond 
what is passing to the alone Unchangeable, and beyond human wills to 
the All Holy and All Controlling. Bishop Claughton was strong enough 
to be always patient, always considerate, always courteous ; and this 
strength is not of human origin — it is an endowment of Divine grace : 
' Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace whose mind is stayed on Thee.' 


Doubtless that was the meaning of his dying ' Sursum corda.' In the 
last moments of life, as during his years of work, he still looked upwards 
for the strength which had made him the humble-minded Christian, the 
active worker, the kindly and courteous gentleman, whom his colleagues 
will long remember with affection and respect. 

" As our eyes rest on that stall, for twelve years or more associated 
with his familiar presence, or on this pulpit which he has so often filled, 
let us reflect that last Sunday he was still lingering among us, while now 
he has entered upon that wonderful world towards the gate of which we 
are all hourly hastening. Close indeed together are the two lives — this in 
time, that in Eternity. Little can it matter to those who have passed the 
barrier what measure of praise or blame is awarded them by the erring 
judgment of those whom they have left behind : they know already what 
it is to be judged by Him who sees us as we are. But for this surely 
they must be anxious : that we in our remaining days of probation and 
grace should be sure that the old-loving kindnesses of God are as real 
and as operative as ever ; that the Cross of Jesus Christ is still the hope 
and refuge of sinners ; and that in the Church of Jesus Christ there is 
still pardon for the penitent, and strength and encouragement and joy 
and peace for those who would have them. And if it be so, what do other 
things in life seriously matter P ' Although the fig-tree shall not 
blossom, neither shall fruit be in the vines, the labour of the olive shall 
fail, and the fields shall yield no meat : the flocks shall be cut off from the 
fold, and there shall be no herd in the stall ; yet will I rejoice in the 
Lord, I will joy in the God of my salvation/ " 

Another writer (an intimate and very old friend) says : " Bishop 
Claughton was never a close student, therefore not a finished scholar, 
nor a man of deep learning, or of literary grace. His gifts were other, and 
for his duties and calling more useful. His logical gift was considerable, 
and his judgment ordinarily very sound. That which informed it, and 
gave to his mind and character their attractiveness and value, was 
the clear moral perception which, springing from and ripened by his 
unsullied purity and love of truth and singleness of heart, grew from an 
instinct into a faculty, which, interpreted by a most kindly nature, 
obtained a consideration which mere intellectual or learned efficacy 
cannot command. His was a character which a little incident may 
illustrate. Such natures always overflow in their kindliness to domestic 
animals. His always did. Pigeons were his especial pets, not as what 
is understood as a pigeon fancier, but as one who loved their ways and 
made close friends of them. All through his wide wanderings some 
descendants of the Elton dovecot were with him, and were settled with 
him in his London home when he breathed his last. He died surrounded 


by his sons and daughters, and teuded by a devoted wife ; and those who 
knew him best will affectionately remember his tender, loving, Christian 
spirit, and his pure, unselfish, dutiful life.'" 

Bishop Claughton was the author of " A Brief Comparison of the 
Thirty-nine Articles of the Church of England with Holy Scripture," 
8vo, 1843. There is also a published sermon, entitled " The Gospel 
Invitation," among the Westminster Abbey Sermons for the Working 
Classes, "preached by Piers C. Claughton, D.D., Bishop of St. Helena, 
July 3, 1859," carefully preserved by one of his old parishioners, 
Mrs. Spencer, of Elton. 

On 16 December 1885 a memorial of the late Bishop Claughton, 
the result of public subscription, was placed in the crypt of St. Paul's 
Cathedral. It consists of a medallion bust in the highest relief, set in a 
richly carved frame of alabaster. The bust is an excellent likeness of 
the late prelate. 

The inscription is cut upon a black marble slab let into the alabaster, 
and is as follows : 

Piers Calveley Claughton, D.D. 

Born June 8, 1814. Died Augt. 11, 1884. 

Archdeacon of London 

Assistant Bishop in this Diocese 

Chaplain General of Her Majesty's Forces 

Bishop of Saint Helena 1859 to 1867 

Bishop of Colombo 1867 to 1872. 

" We were gentle among you." — 1 Thes. xi. 7. 

This Memorial was erected by Friends who cherished his memory. 

The memorial was designed by Sir A. W. Blomfield. 


Frederic William Faber, who was Rector of Elton for the short 
interval between the two Incumbencies of Dr. Claughton, is probably 
more generally known as Father Faber. He is remembered by his Elton 
parishioners as one who brought new life into the parish, but not without 
causing anguish to many whose "homes were left unto them desolate " 
when members of their families accompanied him, in his hasty departure, 
on his secession to the Church of Rome. 

His residence in Elton appears to have been continuous and 
practically unbroken by absence from October 9, 1843, to September 21, 
1845, these being the dates of the first and last baptisms solemnized by 
him. Between these periods there is no break ; the number of children 
whom he baptized is noteworthy, as there were no less than sixty-four 
baptisms in the year and eleven months during which he officiated. The 
population of Elton was then 844, and in each case the child baptized 
was a parishioner. 

Faber's career was remarkable. His name will probably be 
remembered long after that of others who were in many respects his 
superiors. It appears indeed to be a fact that, while by far the larger 
number of talented individuals live and die comparatively unknown 
beyond the limited area in which they dwell, wider notoriety is the lot of 
those who, with no greater ability, swerve from the beaten course, and by 
their aberration attract particular observation. So it seems to have been 
with Faber. In any walk of life he would probably have been widely 
known for the sweetness and spirituality of his hymns, his power 
of attracting others to himself, his numerous writings and general 
intellectual acquirements ; at the same time it may be questioned whether 
he would have attained to the degree of fame which has survived him 
had he lived the quiet retired life of a country Rector, passing his days in 
that useful obscurity which is the lot of many of equal parts and ability. 
His acceptance of preferment in the Church of England, while his heart 
was with that of Rome, rendered him notorious in the first instance, and 
gave greater publicity to his subsequent public perversion. For that he 
was throughout his Rectorate of doubtful loyalty to the Church of 
England, hoping perhaps against hope that with time his perplexity would 
pass away, his own words testify. In 1843 he writes : " I grow more Roman 
every day." (It must be remembered that he " read himself in " at Elton 
in April of that year.) His biographer* tells us that in the same year 
" He said he saw then that he must within three years either be a Catholic 
or lose his mind." Again,f before the commencement of his parochial 
work he says : " I have been very much altered since I came abroad this 

* Life, by Bovvden, page 168. t ? a g e 177. 



time, but I am very, very, very Roman. I have learnt an immense deal 
both outwardly and inwardly, and I hope it will lead to something more 
than feelings." 

These quotations leave indeed very little room for doubt that, from 
the time of his taking up his residence at Elton, Eaber's predilections 
were towards the Church of Rome. But, if any question as to his inner 
feelings could still be entertained, the following remark of Father Bowden 
would appear to be conclusive : " It must be remembered that at this 
time the idea of conversion (that is from the English to the Romish 
Church) was not familiar to the minds of Anglicans. Their greatest 
leader (J. H. Newman) was living in seclusion at Littlemore, as yet 
uncertain what course it would be his duty to pursue ; the delay which 
he had imposed upon himself he also recommended to those who sought 
his counsel, and it was in deference to his judgment that Mr. Faber remained 
for two years longer in the Anglican Communion ; ,} that is, during the 
time that he was ministering at Elton. 

While there, however, his work was constant, earnest, and effective. 
He revolutionized the parish, which, with the brief exception of Bishop 
Claughton's first Incumbency, had for many years been languishing under 
a non-resident Rector. New life seemed to pervade the place. Crowded 
congregations attended upon his ministry. The Rectory and its grounds 
were the centres of religious teaching and social energy. Nor were the 
material needs of the parish neglected. More work was undertaken in 
the church in the way of restoration ; the oak pulpit still in use was 
provided. Faber's autograph inscription in all the Service books remains 
to shew that they were an Advent offering in 1843 from the new Rector. 
Young men especially resorted to his teaching, and came under the 
influence of that remarkable fascination* of which he was conscious, and 
of which indeed he himself makes particular mention.t The income of 
his Rectory was large, but it proved insufficient for his requirements. 
" He spent and was spent " for the benefit of his parishioners. He began to 
convert the stables into almshouses, his study into an oratory. Suddenly, in 
the midst of his activity and plans, the storm burst, and thus the end came. 

* So Shakespear : 

" Such a holy witch 
That he enchants societies unto him, 
Half all men's hearts are his." 


t August 29, 1835, he writes: "God has given me a peculiar, and to my mind a very 
peculiar talent, at first sight alien to my character, of attaching people to myself. I was first 

struck by it one day when T , soon after his conversion, was indulging in expressions of 

affection for me. He quoted a speech which P had made use of at Harrow, ' I cannot tell 

why it is, but that Faber fascinates everybody.' " 


There are some still living (1892) who love to relate how, on Sunday 
the 16th November 1845, he was preaching in his church, as usual well 
filled, from the text Ruth i. 16, 17, when an impulse, apparently 
irresistible, impelled him to interrupt his discourse, and to declare " that 
the doctrines he had taught from that pulpit, though true, were not those 
of the Church of England ; that as far as the Church of England had a 
voice she had disavowed them, and that consequently he could not 
remain in her Communion, but must go where truth was to be found."* 
He then hastily descended from the pulpit, threw his surplice to the 
ground, and quitted the church. The astonished congregation remained 
amazed and bewildered, and communed with each other as to what the 
end of all this would be. 

No persuasion could prevail with him to reconsider the determination 
he had formed to seek reception into the Church of Rome. On the 
following morning he left Elton, never to return. He was accompanied 
by seven of his parishioners and his two servants, all of whom had been 
associated with him in his plans and labours. The party betook 
themselves to Northampton, and there his severance from the Church of 
his fathers was completed. 

Faber came of a refugee family which sought an asylum in England 
on the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Pie was the seventh child of 
Thomas Henry Faber, Secretary to Dr. Barrington, Bishop of Durham. 
He was born 28 June 1814 at Calverley Vicarage, Yorkshire, the home of 
his grandfather, the Incumbent there. When very young he was sent to 
the Grammar School at Bishop Auckland, and afterwards successively to 
Shrewsbury and Harrow. In 1832 he was entered at Balliol, where he 
went into residence during the Lent term of 1833. Towards the end of 
1834 he was elected to a scholarship at University, and then migrated 
in consequence to that College. He gained the Newdigate in 1836, being 
the successful candidate out of thirty-seven. In the following November 
he took his B.A. degree, second class in lit. hum., being prevented by 
illness from doing full justice to his abilities. In January 1837 he gained 
the Johnson Divinity Scholarship, and was elected a Fellow of University 
College. He was ordained Deacon at Ripon, 6 August 1837, and Priest 
at Oxford, by Dr. Bagot, 26 May 1839. Under the name of Brother 
Wilfred he received the Diaconate in the Romish Church at Derby, 
20 March 1847, and the Priesthood soon after. After much active work 
at Birmingham and in London, he removed on the 1st of March 1854 to 
the Oratory at Brompton. This was his last home. Frequent and 
severe illness interrupted his work there ; nevertheless, upon him, as 

* Life, bj Bovvdcn, page 201. 


Superior, the control of that establishment depended, and with his name 
its early history is identified. His health failed during his remaining 
years ; violent headaches were frequent, sciatica tormented him. He 
writes : " I am very unwell from sleepless nights, neuralgia in the head, 
and fits of sickness." Under alternations of illness and comparative 
recovery, it was at length evident that the mysterious malady called 
" Bright' s Disease " had fixed itself upon him. After much suffering, 
patiently endured, he passed away calmly on the 26th of September 1863. 
He was buried on the 30th at St. Mary's, Sydenham, " where," says his 
biographer, " his grave had been prepared at the foot of the cross of its 
consecration ; and there, with the conviction that they would never look 
upon his like again, his sorrowing children left him." 

Eaber was a voluminous writer. His published works which were 
composed at Elton are naturally of the greatest interest to his old 
parishioners who still survive. His Lives of the Saints were some of 
them written there, namely, those of St. Wilfred, St. Paulinus, 
St. Edwin, and St. Oswald ; but they value most " Sir Launcelot," a 
poem in ten books, which, with several minor poems, he collected into 
one volume and published with the purpose of applying the proceeds to 
the repairs of Elton Church. 

The bells of Elton are known far and wide for the sweetness of their 
tone. To the Rectory, distant about half a mile from the church, their 
sound comes floating down on the wind,* and we can realize that what 
has been suggested was the fact, viz., that the words of a well-known 
hymn were suggested to the poet divine as he mused in the walks of his 
venerable home. 

To this period we may refer the production of at least many of those 
spiritual songs, the use of which is so general — we can seldom use them 
at Elton without a sorrowful recollection of their author ! To Eaber 
belongs the honour of having composed, not only perhaps the most 
cosmopolitan of contemporary hymns — " Hark, hark, my soul !" — from 
which we have quoted,f but many others also which all shades of 
religionists delight to sing. Such are those beginning " Jesu, gentlest 
Saviour," " Paradise, Paradise," " come and mourn with me 
awhile," " My God, how wonderful Thou art," " Sweet Saviour, bless us 
ere we go," " Angels of Jesus," and others of similar character. 

* Compare Cowper, " The Task," page 152 : 

" How soft the music of those village bells, 

Falling at intervals upon the ear, 

In cadence sweet, now dying all away, 

Now pealing loud again, and louder still, 

Clear and sonorous, as the gale comes on !" 
t See page 28. 


Of Faber it was said by Wordsworth, who visited him at his Eectory, 
" If it were not for Frederick Faber's devoting himself so much to his 
sacred calling, he would be the poet of the age." 

At Elton he began his translation of the " Life of St. Philip Neri." 
Of his other works that which is best known, which still commands a 
ready sale, and upon which his fame as a prose author mainly rests, is 
" All for Jesus." It was published in 1853, and passed rapidly through 
several editions. It has been translated into French, and more than 
forty thousand copies have been sold. In other countries also, not only 
this, but other works of his have been adapted and welcomed. Speaking 
of them collectively, the words of the Abbot of Solesmes* are very 
striking : " There is not a page of Father Faber, whether it be severe or 
sparkling, in which we do not discover the saint, the man who never 
wrote a single line to put forward or recommend himself." 

To this brief sketch of our Eector's life we may add testimonies to 
his eminent qualities, gathered from contemporaries of high repute, both 
at home and in America. Cardinal Newman, for instance, speaks of 
" his remarkable gifts, his poetical fancy, his engaging frankness, his 
playful wit, his affectionateness, his sensitive piety." Dr. Pusey says, 
" His memory I cherish, and from him I thankfully own that I have 
learned much," and, in another place, mentions " the well-deserved 
influence which he gained through the rich variety of natural and 
spiritual gifts with which God endowed him." A writer in the Dublin 
Review quotes "an American ecclesiastic of eminence" who writes: "If 
the power to convey to others the most sublime, and at the same time 
the most practical truths that can interest the human mind, be a title to 
the homage of men, then has Father Faber established for himself a 
claim which no length of years nor change of circumstances can efface." 
Afterwards speaking for himself (with perhaps the inflated panegyric of 
a favourable reviewer), he says "that in ' The Creator and the Creature' 
there are chapters which re-echo in our day the sweetness of St. Bernard, 
the wit and erudition of St. Jerome, the eloquence of St. John Chrysostom, 
the philosophy of St. Augustine." That his hymns are very highly 
valued in the United States we are thus assured (Dublin Review, xiv., 
page 115) : "They are a legacy to the most precious portion of the 
Universal Church, the little ones of the flock of Christ. Who can call to 
mind that they are sung by the banks of the Potomac and the Ohio, in 
the plains of Minnesota and the valleys of California, with the same 
fervour as in the towns and villages of our own land, and not confess that 
if he had bequeathed to his brethren no other gift, Father Faber would 
deserve to rank as one of our true benefactors ?" 

* Quoted by Bowden from Le Monde, 13 January 1864. 


A portrait of Faber taken while lie was at Elton by Webb, one of his 
domestics, although the rude work of an unskilled amateur, may serve to 
give an idea of his personal appearance at that period, and it is very 
different from that introduced in later years as the frontispiece of his 
life by Bowden. It represents a tall, rather slight figure, robed in 
surplice and stole, and wearing bands, the face long and oval, the hair 
black, abundant, and inclined to curl, the nose large and slightly 
aquiline, mouth and chin suggestive of benevolence, but wanting in 
firmness. The eyes are dark grey, the eyebrows arched. There are no 

And this agrees fairly well with the description of him given by his 
brother, who writes : " Those who knew him in youth will remember him 
as eminently handsome, and of a slight, lithe figure. Such he still was 
in 1845, but when he paid me a visit four years after, all the gracilis puer 
had departed. The identity was gone. Nothing could mar the beauty of 
his countenance, yet his augmenting bulk prevented any recollection of 
' Faber of University/ This increased as life went on, and perhaps was 
connected with the disease which proved fatal to him at the age of 

Such was Faber, a Rector whose memory will live in Elton, and of 
whom the inhabitants even now say — 

" Take him for all in all, 
We ne'er shall look upon his like again." 

The verses addressed to him by Father E. J. Saurin, of Baltimore, 
will commend themselves to many : 

" Some angel, such as mercy sends to win 
All hearts to love, most surely was thy guest, 
Thy thoughts, thy words inspired : his fragrant wings 
In rapture waved o'er thee and thine abode, 
Friend of the weary heart in search of God ! 
As 'mid life's glittering waste, like joyous springs, 
Thy works came forth. Men own the treasure given, 
Bless thee and God : and journey on to Heaven." 

It will be interesting to preserve the names of those who left Elton 
with Father Faber, or followed him soon after his departure, with such 
brief notice of their subsequent career as, at this interval of forty-six 
years, we can ascertain. 

Inside the " heavily laden fly," which left Elton on a cold November 
morning, were F. W. Faber, Francis Knox, Anne Godwin, Thomas 
Godwin ; outside with the driver was George Hawkes. 


The others, who left the parish on the same day, walked to Oundle, 
then the nearest railway station ; their names were William Pitts, James 
Pitts, William Webb, and John Strickson. 

Later on several others followed, viz., William Rusher, John Stevens, 
John Deer, John Hippey, Vincent Page ; sometime afterwards, J. S. 
Adson and Charles Fenn. 

Of these, Francis Knox became an Oratorian, and finished his career 
at Brompton. 

Georges Hawkes came to Elton to take charge of the toll gate then 
standing at Overend on the Oundle Road, and afterwards entered the 
Rector's service. He then became a lay helper in the parish, and was 
not without hope that he might eventually be ordained. After his 
perversion he became a clerk at the London Works at Birmingham. 
There he married Anne Godwin ; two children were born to them, one of 
whom is buried at Elton. They both died in Birmingham, members of 
the Romanist Church. 

William and James Pitts also continued steadfast in the faith to 
which they had seceded ; the former is now living (1892), and acts as 
organist at the Brompton Oratory ; the latter, who was the leading treble 
singer in the Elton choir, is, it is believed, still alive. These brothers 
were the sons of an organ-builder at Warmington, and their secession 
was the source of much grief to their father. He followed them to 
Birmingham, and persistently sought an interview there with Father 
Faber, with whom he remonstrated bitterly on having used his 
influence over them, " persuading them/' he said, " to break the fifth 

John Strickson, as Brother Chad, lived and died at Brompton. 

William Rusher, living in 1891, is an optician in London. 

John Stephens, lived when at Elton in " The Island," afterwards he 
he went to Brighton. 

John Deer and John Hippey both went to Birmingham, where they 
found employment at Messrs. Hardman's Glass Works. The latter was 
living and paid a long visit to Elton in 1891. 

Vincent Page is believed to be still alive, and in Canada. 

Charles Fenn and J. S. Adson both returned to Elton and to the 
Church of England, in which the latter is now a regular communicant, 
a member of the choir, and churchwarden. 


Richard Kempthorne, Rector from 1860 to 1888, was of St. John's 
College, Cambridge, where he graduated B.A., as twenty- seventh 
Wrangler, and Second Class in the Classical Tripos in 1827. He 
proceeded to the degree of M.A. in 1834, was ordained Deacon by the 
Bishop of Lichfield in 1828, and Priest in the same year by the Bishop of 
Chester ; and in that diocese he served as Curate of Tarvin in the county 
of Cheshire. 

After an interval of ten years he was appointed Archdeacon of 
St. Helena and Colonial Chaplain, a position which he occupied from 
1839 to 1860. 

Upon the appointment of Bishop Claughton to the Bishopric of 
St. Helena, he was instituted as his successor in the Rectory of Elton, 
on the nomination of University College, Oxford — probably at the 
solicitation of Dr. Claughton — this being the first election of one who 
was not a Fellow of the Society since the acquisition of the patronage by 
the College. 

The Kempthornes were a Cornish family, and are mentioned, among 
others, by the Rev. S. Baring-Gould, in his "Old Country Life," page 67, 
as having become extinct in Cornwall. He describes Tonacombe, a 
mansion of the Leys and Kempthornes in the parish of Morwenstowe, as 
a " singularly untouched house," constructed with two halls, one for 
winter with a fire-place in it, serving as a sort of lower storey to the 
summer hall, clear to the roof " one superposed upon the other ; here 
there was a tiny entrance court into which the hall looked .... with 
its great fire-place, and the parlour panelled with oak." 

If the Archdeacon remembered this abode of his ancestors, he must 
sometimes have been reminded of it as he sat and mused in the panelled 
dining-room of his Rectory, opening as it does from a hall dissimilar in 
construction, but probably as large as that which Baring-Gould describes. 

Archdeacon Kempthorne came of a talented race. His grandfather, 
also of St. John's College, Cambridge, was Senior Wrangler in 1796. 

He held the office of Rural Dean of Yaxley. He was the author of 
a pamphlet on the Church Catechism, which reached a second edition. 

He died and was buried at Elton ; and it is somewhat remarkable 
that no Rector had died in the parish for the previous 101 years, 
Dr. Fisher having passed his later years in London, and his successors, 
Claughton and Faber, having resigned the living on accepting other 

In July 1891 a memorial window was placed in the chancel in 
memory of Rector Kempthorne, the cost of which was defrayed by the 


Earl of Carysfort, with a limited subscription from many of his late 
parishioners. It bears the following inscription : 

To the memory of the Ven. Archdeacon Kempthorne, 
born Novr. 3, 1804, died Octr. 24, 1888. Archdeacon of 
St. Helena and Rector of Elton for 28 years. 

This window is erected by 418 of his Parishioners. 

Messrs. Hardman have given this description of the subject of the 
window : 

" The window lately erected on the south side of the chancel contains the 
subject ' Christ's charge to St. Peter,' as given in the xxi chapter of the Gospel of 
St. John. 

" In the dexter light is the figure of the risen Saviour, clothed all in white, 
saying to Simon Peter, ' Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou Me more than these ? ' 
and St. Peter, answering, said, ' Tea, Lord ; Thou knowest that I love Thee.' 
Jesus then said unto him, ' Peed My lambs ' ; and again, later on, ' Peed My sheep.' 
About the feet of both figures the sheep and lambs are clustered, the emblems 
of those committed to the charge of Peter. This saint is represented in an 
attitude as it were of suppliant remonstrance at the repeated question of his 

" In the distance is a vessel and the hills lying about the lake, thus 
identifying the scenes with the description given by St. John in the earlier 
verses of the chapter. The group is surmounted by a framework, and the 
whole is on a background of delicate grisaille which gives the work a light 

To Archdeacon Kempthorne succeeded Eose Fuller Whistler, Vicar 
of Ashburnhaui and Rector of Penhurst, Sussex, M.A. of Emmanuel 
College, Cambridge, on the nomination of his wife Mrs. Augusta Whistler, 
of Battle. 

Mr. Whistler, who was ordained at Chichester — Deacon 1849, Priest 
1850 — was Curate of Battle, and afterwards successively Vicar of 
Bishop's Norton, Lincolnshire ; Rector of Hollington, Sussex ; and Rector 
of St. John and St. Laurence, Ilketshall, Suffolk, on the nomination of 
the Lord Chancellor. He was also Rural Dean of Wangford and of 
South Elmham, and is in the Commission of the Peace for the counties 
of Suffolk and Huntingdon. 

On his retirement from Sussex he was unanimously elected a 
Vice-President of the Sussex Archaeological Society, to whose works he 
had been a frequent contributor. 

( 58 ) 



From a reference to the list of appointments to the Rectory, it will be 
seen that, prior to the institution of Dr. Brereton in 1534, the patronage 
was in the hands of the Abbot of Ramsey. At the dissolution of the 
monasteries it would appear to have passed with the Manor into the 
possesion of a layman. The probability is that it formed part of the 
donation of iEthelric to the Abbey after he had acquired,"* somewhat 
unscrupulously, the property and rights of the outwitted Dane. 

Of the advowson we have particulars from 1661 to 1884. 

In the former year John Cooper, Rector and Patron, upon his 
deprivation of the living, nominated as his successor Thomas Ball, 
husband of his daughter Elizabeth, and upon him and his heirs he 
afterwards settled the advowson. 

From Thomas Ball it passed by inheritance to his son, another 
Thomas Ball, D.D., who became Patron and Rector. 

To Thomas Ball, D.D., succeeds in the ownership of the advowson 
the Rev. Samuel Ball, also Rector and Patron, who marries Ann, daughter 
of Mr. William Fuller. This Samuel Ball borrows money of his father- 
in-law, assigning as security the advowson of Elton. At his death this 
loan, with large arrears of interest, remaining unpaid, Fuller takes 
possession of Ball's estate, including the advowson. 

In 1760 litigation ensues, and as the result the advowson is sold to 
the Master and Fellows of University College, Oxford, the conveyance 
being executed by all the parties concerned in the law suit, viz., 
Sir Matthew Lamb (as executor of the late Rev. Thomas Ball), Frances 
Fawkes, Jane Fuller, Thomas and Elizabeth Ball. The date of the 
conveyance is 22 and 23 December 1760. 

In 1884, powers having been granted to the authorities of certain 
Colleges to alienate their Church Patronage under certain circumstances, 
the advowson of Elton is sold by the Master and Fellows of University 

* See page 6. 





College, Oxford, under the sanction of the Land Commissioners for 
England (Sir James Caird, Lord Lyttleton, and Colonel Leach), to 
Augusta, elder daughter of the late James Watts, Esq., of Battle, in the 
county of Sussex, with the consent of her husband, the Rev. Rose Fuller 
Whistler, now (1892) Rector. 

Cooper's Hospital. 

This consists of four small tenements on the high road from 
Peterborough to Oundle. It was founded in his lifetime by deed of gift, 
dated 22 June 1663, by the Rev. John Cooper, Rector and Patron of 
Elton, " for the habitation, finding, sustentation, and relief of maimed, 
poore, aged and needy, or impotent persons .... not exceeding the 
number of foure, to be a body corporate, with full power to purchase 
and to hold as well goods and chattels as Manors, Tenements, and 
Hereditaments, so that the same exceeded not the yearly value of 
100 marks above all charges and reprizes;" and also that they should 
have a common seal, being the coat of arms of Cooper of Lancashire, 
out of which he was descended ; also that " the Parson or Parsons of 
Elton for the time being, and the Overseers of the Poore should be the 
Trustees of the said Charity, provided that the free and full consent of 
the Parson or Parsons should be first had and obtained for placing or 
displacing the Pensioners and the ordering of all affairs for the benefit 
of the said Hospital." 

And, for the endowment, he conveyed the buildings then standing in 
a rood of ground near Elton Church; and for their maintenance a farm 
called Blyton Farm, within the city of Lincoln, then of the yearly value 
of sixteen pounds per annum, to be distributed as follows : " To the 
warden and poore people of the Hospital, to each of them fifteen pence 
weekly, and two great chaldron of coals to be delivered free, the 
remainder to be carefully laid up and kept by the Parson and his 
successors for repairs and necessary charges." 

The rent of this farm gradually increased, and with each increase 
an addition was made to the portions of the pensioners. In 1787 it 
produced £40 a year. In 1826 an enclosure was made, and then the 
rent rose immediately to £165. The weekly payments were then 
increased to lis. 6d. to each inmate, a sum that has never been exceeded. 
Under the careful management of Dr. Fisher, a surplus accumulated, 
amounting in 1835 to £260, and this sum was invested for the benefit of 
the charity. On the 17th December 1880 a new scheme was sanctioned 
by the Charity Commissioners, under which the charity is managed by 


six Trustees, three of whom are ex-officio and three elected. The former 
are the Rector and Overseers, the others " competent persons residing in 
Elton, or within a convenient distance thereof;" the Rector to be 
chairman, and to have a casting vote, " whether or not he shall have 
previously voted upon the same question." From the income of the 
Hospital, after payment of all necessary charges, the Trustees are to 
reserve two yearly payments of £50 and <£15, and to pay them to the 
Managers of Elton Elementary School (altered, however, during the 
prevailing depression, since 4 June 1886, to an annual sum not 
exceeding £50 and not less than <£30), to be applied by them to the 
purposes of the School, the residue to be appropriated to the Hospital. 

According to these new regulations the qualifications of candidates 
for election to the benefits of this charity are " to be either widows 
or unmarried, of good character, who shall have resided in Elton not less 
than three years preceding the time of their appointment, who shall 
not during that period have received Poor Law relief, and who, from age, 
ill health, accident, or infirmity, shall be unable to maintain themselves 
by their exertions, with a preference for those persons who, being 
otherwise qualified, shall have been in better circumstances." 

There is to be paid to each, " by weekly or other periodical payments, 
a weekly stipend of not less than ten shillings, with two shillings extra, 
at the discretion of the Trustees, to the "Warden, each to have in addition 
two tons of coal annually." 

The weekly payments have been, of necessity, reduced, under the 
authority of the Commissioners, to eight shillings each, with or without 
coal as the Trustees may order. 

There are other regulations as to the letting of the land in the event 
of a vacancy ; and, in certain cases, also to the appointment of out- 
pensioners, and to necessary notice at the time of election. 

Since the foundation of this Hospital, 228 years ago, there appear to 
have been fifty-four inmates, exclusive of the present occupants. Their 
longevity has been remarkable. Since 1816, when the age was first entered 
in the Burial Registers, thirty-two alms-women have died. Of these, 

Eight were between 75 and 80 
Ten „ „ 80 „ 85 

Three „ „ 85 „ 90 

Two „ „ 90 „ 95 

One was 100. 

The average age of the whole thirty-two being very nearly seventy-nine. 






The Schools. 

These now consist of handsome and commodious buildings of stone, 
comprising spacious boys' and girls' (mixed) and infant schools, together 
with a comfortable house for the master and mistress. They are well 
placed on the high ground near the entrance to the churchyard, on the 
approach to it from the main street of the village, and are capable of 
accommodating at least 150 children. They are supported by an 
endowment which produces £31 7s. 4d. a year, £45 contributed by the 
Trustees of Cooper's Charity, the rent of a small farm at Old Weston, 
now £21 per annum, the weekly payments of the children,* the Govern- 
ment grant, and about £24 voluntary subscriptions. This, however, is 
insufficient for their maintenance in due efficiency, and it has been found 
necessary to draw gradually upon a small fund, the accumulation of more 
prosperous days. The average attendance of children is 123. 

The cost of the school buildings, as certified in February 1878 by 
Mr. Walter E. McCarthy, the architect who planned and superintended 
the execution of the building, was — 

For original contract - - £1019 9 7 

For extras - 67 3 6 

Total - - £1086 13 1 

The original school-house bears the following inscription : 

The Gift of 

M rs Jane Proby Widow 

of John Proby Esqr : 

Sister of Sir Richard Oust 

Baronet of Lissington 

in Lincolnshire. 

It is now converted into three comfortable dwellings for labourers. 
It stands, facing south, in the lower part of the village — Nether End — 
is built of Ketton stone, of good elevation and respectable appearance, 
with chimneys of the conventional Northamptonshire type ; it has a 
weathercock on the gable nearest to the street. 

The history of this building is as follows : — It was purchased with 
some money left by Mrs. Jane Proby for a workhouse, or place for old 
women in the parish to meet and work, etc., as a charity. It was in turn, 

* By the substitution of the fee grant in lieu of the children's pence, the school funds are at 
present increased by about £15 a year. 


first, a workhouse as intended ; secondly, a girls' school where Mrs. Brawn 
used to teach up to the time of the amalgamation of the schools. It was 
then purchased by the Earl of Carysfort from the Overseers of the 
Parish, and the proceeds of the sale went towards defraying a portion of 
the cost of the new school buildings. 

The following extract from Hatfield, page 627, refers to a benefaction 
of Mrs. Frances Proby : 

"Frances Proby, by will dated 16 December 1711, gave to the 
poor of the Parishes of Elton, Yaxley, and Fletton £200 apiece to be 
disposed of by her mother Jane Proby in the best manner, for their 
benefit. The said Jane Proby by her will bequeathed sundry legacies to 
individuals, and also for different charitable purposes in the Towns of 
Elton, Yaxley, and elsewhere (but she gave no direction by her Will for 
the disposition of the Legacy of £200 given by her daughter Frances 
to the poor of Fletton. The £200 was invested in 1728 in South 
Sea Annuities, and the capital has been subsequently increased to 
£1334 6s. 8d. by unapplied income, etc., the annual dividend thereon 
being £40)."* 

The site of the new schools was given by the Earl of Carysfort. 

Previous to the building of these new schools there had been two 
separate schoolrooms, one for the boys, the other for girls, the former 
being now the infants' room, and the latter having been held in what 
was the gift of Mrs. Jane Proby, and afterwards used as a workhouse. 

The Earl of Carysfort writes with reference to the original school- 
house : " The old building, referred to on page 61, was given by 
Mrs. J. Proby as a workhouse — not as we now understand the word, but 
as a place where poor women used to meet and work. When the new 
schools were built it was determined to sell this building and plot to 
provide funds for the new school-house, and it was purchased by the 
fifth Earl." 

For some years the Inspectors had complained of this girls' school, 
frequently alluding to its faults and deficiencies in their reports. 

In 1868 Mr. Blakiston says, " New rooms in a more central position 
would be an advantage." Again, in the following year : " The situation 
of the school premises at the lower end of a long straggling village is 
objectionable. An effort should be made to sell the school premises, and 
secure a more central and convenient site, e.g., contiguous to the boys' 

Then in 1871 we read in the report, " The room is ill-ventilated .... 
my Lords hope to hear of some proper arrangement being made for the 

* This latter clause relates only to Fletton. 


infants next year," and the attention of the managers is called to the 
requirements of the Code. 

In the following year the climax is reached, and the grant withheld. 
Eventually permission of the Charity Commissioners is sought and 
gained, whereby part of the endowment of the Rev. J. Cooper is diverted 
from the Hospital and combined with the Proby Charity for educational 
purposes, the schools are consolidated in the new buildings then made, 
and on the 10th October 1876 they are re-opened in their present 
complete and convenient form. 

There are only two other benefactions belonging to the parish — 
a close of about three acres, and a rent charge of £1 a year, arising out 
of the property now occupied by Miss Hopkinson, left by Thomas 
Selby in 1702, to be distributed to the poor on St. Thomas's Day. 

The Ballast Hole. 

Although called the " Elton Ballast Hole " and managed, as to the 
payment of the workmen therein, from Elton Station, the land from 
which the ballast is dug is in the parish of Potheringhay, at a spot 
adjoining what is still called " Fotheringhay Park," distant about half a 
mile from the site of the historic castle. The railway from Northampton 
to Peterborough intersects the land which yields the gravel, and which 
comprises in all about twenty-one acres, now (1892) all excavated with 
the exception of some five or six acres. The ballast, of a gravelly nature, 
is found under a coping of loamy soil, varying from two to four feet in 
depth, and is conveyed in trucks, into which it is directly loaded for the 
use of the London and North-Western Railway Company, to all parts of 
their line — London, Willesden, Banbury, Oxford, and many other places. 
It has been in use about fourteen years, and, as a rule, about twenty-five 
hands find regular employment in the quarry at a weekly payment of 
eighteen shillings, from which fourpence is retained to form an insurance 
fund for the maintenance of any who, while at their work, may be 
accidentally disabled. 

During the excavation many fragments of pottery have been found, 
seldom, however, sufficiently perfect for preservation. Recently about 
twenty human skeletons have been uncovered, lying very near the surface 
in various positions, but generally with the head touching the knees, 
without anything to mark with certainty the date of their interment. 
The most probable conjecture appears to be that we have here a Romano- 
British burial-place, as appears from the cinerary urns which are 
occasionally found, and the general position of the skeletons. 


A small urn lately found, and now in possession of the writer, 
contains calcined bones, and is very nearly perfect ; it is of fine dark 
ware, about six inches high, and the same in its greatest diameter, having 
round the centre an irregular pattern, like lattice-work, rudely traced. 
Other relics are preserved in the Museum at Northampton, and there 
is little doubt that many interesting memorials of a distant age are 
frequently dug up, broken, and cast away in barrow loads over " the tip " 
by the workmen, as was the case with the skeletons ! 

We say Romano-British rather than Roman, because, as a rule, the 
fragments of pottery that are found are in form and texture Roman, but 
the patterns wrought upon them are generally in such right lines as are 
found upon vessels undoubtedly Celtic ; and then there is the general 
position of the skeletons in further confirmation of our theory. 

These skeletons lie nearly together, the earth in which they are 
found shewing signs of having been disturbed. In almost every case the 
teeth are perfect ; generally the bones are large, indicating a people of 
great stature ; sometimes the skulls are cracked, either by what may 
have been possibly a death blow, or more likely from the pressure of the 
superincumbent earth. We may dismiss at once the opinion of the 
labourers that they are the remains of some who were murdered at 
Fotheringhay Fair; "there were rough doings," they say, upon the 
occasion of those annual gatherings. Unfortunately no specimen has 
been preserved, and the report of the excavators gives only a general idea 
of the character of the skeletons. 

Fragments of the horns of large deer, a few coins (very imperfect) 
of the Lower Empire, teeth of extinct animals, are found in the gravel ; 
sometimes stone beads, knives, and spear-heads of Roman workmanship 
are met with in the coping. 


10 AUGUSTI 1613. 

These 3 in glasse windowes. 

This cut in stone. 

£>ic OichactJ 3>ap; 
cote, ftnight. 




WW 1 M 










( 65 ) 



Elton Hall stands in Overend, partly in Northamptonshire and partly 
in Huntingdonshire, in a well-wooded undulating park of about 196 acres. 
It appears to have been built in four several stages, and is in consequence 
a not very harmonious mixture of different styles of architecture. The 
oldest portion is a striking tower with machicolations, opening for 
portcullis, and porch entrance, built of Barnack stone, dating from the 
reign of Henry VII., if it be not earlier. This picturesque tower is 
connected with an ancient chapel, now converted into handsome dwelling- 
rooms by a building constructed of material brought from a demolished 
mansion at Chesterton, once the abode of the Dryden family. The 
fourth part is of recent date, and contains the entrance hall and several 
convenient apartments. It is built of local stone quarried on the estate, 
and although it would be considered a handsome structure if it stood 
alone, its position in connection with the older buildings is very 
incongruous, and in too marked contrast with its surroundings. Adjoining 
the courtyard, which contains the offices, is a large and most convenient 
range of stables, with all necessary adjuncts, and most carefully furnished 
with every modern improvement. 

In his " Generall of Great Britaine, published in 1626," this notable 
residence is mentioned by Speed, whose description is probably from 
the pen of Sir Robert Cotton, the writer of the notes for his chapter upon 
the county of Huntingdon, of whom he mentions, " this I received from 
a right worthy and learned friend/' " In Elton," he says, " the house 
rich in a beautious Chappell, from Denhams to Sapcotts, and Sautre 
Beaumes, from that surname (neare the time of the Conquest) by Louth 
to Cornwallis descended ; as Bottlebridge by Gimels, Drayton, Louet unto 
Sherley the now Lord." 

This chapel is also mentioned by Camden, who speaks of it as "a 
private chapel, of singular workmanship, and most beautiful painted 
glass windows, that was built by Elizabeth Dinham, wife of Baron 
Fitzwarren, who married into the Sapcote family." 



About 1660 the house was remodelled by Sir Thomas Proby, Bart., 
who married a daughter of Sir Robert Cotton of Connington, the 
eminent antiquary, and the representative of the county in several 

"When Brydges wrote of the neighbouring county he says that " in 
the old part of the house still remaining is the chapel, having on each 
side of the altar a niche for a statue of large size." He adds that " the 
ceiling and gallery are of old oak wainscot, and without are pinnacles which 
spring up at the east end .... On the outside of the hall are these 
arms : three castles ; crest, a goat's head or ram's head rudely cut in 
stone. The tower is square and embattled, the stonework under the 
battlements hanging out in a peculiar manner. In the gate to the 
south, now a stable, is to be seen the place of a portcullis, and in 
the doorway are small stone arches crossing at the roof ; the same sort of 
arches is in the room under the chapel." 

Elton Hall contains many valuable pictures, principally family 
portraits, but including several by Sir Joshua Reynolds,* "A Holy 
Family," by Leonardo da Vinci,f " The Decoy," by Sir Edwin Landseer, 
and a Hobbema, which is considered one of the chef d'ceuvres of that 
Master. There is a large and interesting library, containing many 
early theological works. Among these is a valuable collection of 
Bibles and Prayer Books, including a Mazarin Bible. Historical and 
philosophical books are the most numerous : there is a copy of " Queen 
Elizabeth's Progresses," of " The Odyssey," a volume of rare interest, 
as it contains Pope's autograph and presentation to a friend ; several 
topographical works, among which are Biydges's " Northamptonshire," 
Peck's " Stamford," and Morant's " Essex," with the additional illustra- 
tions ; also "Elzevir" Classics, and numerous other volumes of great 
value. In addition to these are many manuscripts, chiefly perhaps of 
local importance. 

The grounds of Elton Hall are well wooded ; elm predominates, but 
there are a few grand specimens of what Cowper calls " Lord of the 
woods, the long surviving oak."J 

An arched footway under the road to Oundle leads from the pleasure 
gardens into a long narrow plantation, extending in the direction of the 
higher land called " Stokes Hill." Towards the end of a pleasant walk 

* Notably that mentioned in " The Life and Times of Sir J. Eeynolds " (vol. i., page 165 
note) : " But the loveliest perhaps of all the portraits of Kitty Fisher is an unfinished head in 
powder and a fly cap, in Lord Carysfort's possession." 

t Known to the artistic world as " The Madonna of the Bas Belief," formerly at Gatton 

X " The Task." 


are several noble oaks, two of which are of unusual dimensions. The 
stem of a third, the largest, was lately broken off about five feet from 
the ground. 

If Dryden's conclusion is to be accepted, the age of these remarkable 
trees must be nearly 600 years, for although still vigorous they begin to 
shew signs of decay. His lines on the life of this tree divide it into three 
well-defined stages — 

" Three centuries he grows, and three he stays 
Supreme in state, and in three more decays." 

As a proof that, if unmolested, the oak will linger for many 
generations after its prime, before all vitality is extinct, we may instance 
that there are several trees at Ampthill, in Bedfordshire, still standing in 
picturesque decay, although they were sold for ship-building to the 
Government in Cromwell's time, when the Commissioners sent to 
view them declined to complete the purchase, on the ground that they 
were even then too far gone to be available for the intended purpose. 

( 68 ) 



Probably, however, the antiquary would linger with the greatest interest 
over a recent addition to his treasures which has been made by the 
present Earl, who is now the fortunate possessor of the ancient 
silver vessels that were recovered from the bed of Whittlesea Mere 
when it was drained, and which had belonged in olden times to Ramsey 
Abbey. The stories of their finding are all of interest and well worth 
recording ; we therefore give the traditional report, and then the 
authentic narratives of the finders of these unique relics. It seems 
that the men employed about the drainage works were treading the 
mud for eels, when one of them struck his foot against what he took 
to be, at first sight, an old brass kettle. A closer inspection disclosed 
the fact that the vessels, for there were two, were of silver, and of an 
uncommon description. To the man, however, the metal was of more 
value than the design, and he lost no time in converting it into money, by 
its sale as old silver to a dealer in the neighbouring city of Peterborough. 
It chanced that the Marquis of Northampton saw the vessels in the 
dealer's shop, and purchased them for the sum of £50. The report of 
these transactions having reached the ears of Mr. Wells, the Lord of the 
Manor in which the articles were found, he lost no time in laying claim 
to them. His claim was admitted, and on repayment of their cost to his 
lordship, they were transferred to Holmwood, where they have since 
remained until their recent sale, on the death of Mr. Wells. Such is the 
traditional story. 

We now give the authentic information obtained from J. and F. Coles, 
of Yaxley, as told by them : 

" Joseph Coles, of Yaxley, found the censer, and Frank Coles, the 
incense boat. Frank Coles is dead. The censer was found two or three 
days before the incense boat, and they were about twenty yards from each 
other. They were found between Mr. Palethorp's Farmhouse and Troy 
Hill. They were fishing for eels, and the relics were lying on the surface, 
and were a very bad colour ; in fact when J. Coles found his he did not 

£i)t <Ti)Uitt)lc antl Incense Boat. 


think it of any value. They kept the relics some time, and Lord 
Northampton was going to give them £51 for the censer, but Mr. Wells 
claimed it, giving Joseph Coles and his father £21 for the censer, and 
Frank Coles received £5 from Mr. Wells for the incense boat. They 
found a lot of things, taking them into Peterborough, and selling them 
for a trifle." One pewter plabe measured twenty inches across. 
Another statement by J. Coles : 

"J. Coles and F. Coles were punting from Johnson's Point to Frog 
Hole Mill in search of eels, and pointed out the spot in Bodger's Map 
of Whittlesea Mere where there is a mark x as the point where the 
censer was found. He saw the censer lying on the surface. Coles says 
that the old water highway from Ramsey to Peterborough was from 
Bevill's Tower to White Pit Trundle Mere, and that he must have been 
crossing this line at the spot where he found the relics." 

The Times newspaper of June 3, 1890, gave the following account of 
their sale, and its attendant circumstances : 

" The two ancient silver censers found in the bed of Whittlesea Mere 
about fifty years ago, when it was being drained at the expense of the 
late Mr. William Wells, of Holme Wood, Peterborough, were, according 
to announcement, sold by Messrs. Christie, Manson, and Woods, of 
London, on Tuesday, June 2, 1890, in presence of a very full attendance, 
among whom were Mr. A. W. Franks, of the British Museum, the Duke 
of St. Albans, Lord Rosebery, Lord Powerscourt, and Sir George 
Wombwell. After nearly a hundred lots of the fine old silver plate 
belonging to the late Mr. Wells, of Holme, had been disposed of, came 
the thurible or censer of Gothic design and silver gilt, with chain all 
perfect. It is considered to be of English workmanship of the time about 
the end of the reign of Edward III., who died 1377, being found with the 
incense boat, which has the Tudor rose upon it and the rams' heads, 
indicating that it belonged to Ramsey Abbey ; it is no doubt correctly 
supposed to have come from the same Abbey, which has long been ruined. 
It will be found figured in Shaw's ' Decorated Arts in the Middle Ages,' 
and it is also described in the Archaeological Journal of 1851. It is 
11 inches high, on a circular foot 3| inches in diameter. When it was 
placed before the audience there was some cheering, and the first bid was 
made of £500, which in the next three bids rose to £1000, the only 
competitors being Mr. C. Davis and Mr. Boore, the well-known expert, 
who, however, did not advance beyond Mr. Davis's bid of £1155, at 
which sum he was the purchaser. The ship, or incense boat, more 
properly a ' naviculare,' with its double Tudor rose in gilt on the cover, 
and the rams' heads and ondee ornament denoting the sea, which was 
much admired as a most interesting example of English work of the 


early Tudor period not later than 1486. It is 11 inches in length, and 
3 inches high, standing on a hexagonal foot of elegant form. There 
were several competitors for the possession of this, but after £400 had 
been bid there were only Mr. Boore and Mr. Davis, who was again the 
purchaser at the price of £900. Much interest was felt as to whether 
the purchase had been made for the British Museum, as Mr. Franks was 
present, but from all that could be gathered it was for a private collector." 
It can only be a matter of conjecture how it happened that these 
costly vessels were deposited in the Mere. It may have been by the act 
of their custodian, when the monastery was dissolved, wishing to deprive 
the rapacious officers of the Commissioners of at least some part of their 
spoil ; or it is possible that he may have sunk them beneath the waters 
for security, taking certain known bearings for future reference, and 
intending to recover them, by dragging or otherwise, at some later day 
as occasion might serve. How little could he or any one have anticipated 
that the broad lake would be converted into fertile corn-fields, and that 
after the lapse of centuries these ancient vessels would be discovered by 
casual labourers, to be exposed to public auction in a London sale-room ! 





( 71 ) 



The Sapcote family were the first possessors of the Hall of whom we 
have any authentic records. There is a parish of the same name in 
Leicestershire, and as in an early Lincoln will, written in Norman Erench 
and dated "the Nativity of our Lord 1345," we find a bequest, inter alios, 
to John de Sapcote, it is probable that in this case, as in many others, 
the family took their name from the place. 

It is certain that their connection with Elton was of a very early 
date, and that it continued for at least three hundred years. That they 
possessed considerable property in the parish in the time of Edward I. 
appears in the account of Hides, where it is stated " there was in 
Aylington one hide and a half of the soccage of Burgh, the profits of 
which arose to the Abbey of Eamseye from its estate here, rated in 1303 
at xlv s. vi d., and were paid by Sapcote." 

Proofs of their interest in the neighbourhood may also be gathered 
from other wills proved at Lincoln. In 1304, 8 October, William Dalby, 
of Oakham, leaves to John Sapcote xx li. 

In another will, dated at Keton 5 December 1434, John Sapcote 
desires to be buried in the Friar Minors Church at Stamford, and gives : 
"ad opus ecclesiee B.V.M. de Keton xls. ; ad opus mon. Lincoln, xx s. ; 
S. Peters Exton xl s. ; Tilton xl s." " Johan, my wife," is mentioned. 
" Item lego Johanni fileolo Johanni filii mei ; Cuilibet eorum x li. ; my 
brother William x li. ; my sister Agnes x Zi." 

We come now to further direct mention of the Elton Sapcotes. 
Leland, quoted by Brydges, vol. ii., page 457, says : " Richard Sapcote, of 
Elton, Knight, the first setter up of the family in Huntingdonshire, was 
buried at Foderingaie a.d. 1477." If by this we are to understand that 
this individual was the first of the family to take up his residence in 
Elton, it is not improbable that it would be he who built the tower 
in which the Sapcote arms appear : " Sable, three dovecotes argent," 
corresponding with the remarkable memorial on the south wall of the 
chancel of Elton Church, where there is also the impalement : " Argent, 


three turnpikes'* sable. - " Although he desired to be buried elsewhere, it 
was not unlikely that his name and arms should be commemorated in the 
place of his abode, and this would explain the absence of date, or of the 
usual "here lies." This knight was Sheriff of Cambridgeshire and 
Huntingdon in 1470, and would be living in the reigns of Henry VI. and 
Edward IV. 

In 1507 Sir John Sapcote, Kt., left all his plate at Allingtonf to his 
wife for her life — a pretty clear proof that the family was then resident 
in the parish. 

In 1543 a Sir Richard Sapcote desires by will to be buried at 
Fotheringhay — probably the grandson of the Elton worthy of the same 

There was formerly in the east window of St. George's Church, 
Stamford, the coat of arms of Sapcote impaling the three turnpikes,* 
similar to that still remaining at Elton, with the legend underneath : 
" Orate pro a.i.bus Richardi Sapcote et Johannse uxoris ejus." If, as is 
likely, this was the first Richard who was buried at Fotheringhay, this 
memorial in the Stamford window would in a measure correspond with 
that at Elton. Of this record, however, a few fragments only remain. 
Small pieces of glass, with mutilated portions of the dovecotes, are now 
inserted in the west window of the south aisle. 

A Henry Sapcote was twice Mayor of Lincoln, and was buried with 
his wife Joan in Lincoln Cathedral. She died May 24, 1546, and he 
June 28, 1553. In his will, dated June 21, 1553, that is a week before 
his death, he speaks of a wife, Alice, seven sons, and six daughters. A 
reference to the pedigree will shew that this Henry was only distantly 
connected with the Elton branch, which became extinct about 1600, and 
from his numerous sons any of the name now existing would probably 
trace their descent. The Henry Sapcote of the Cotton pedigree was 
succeeded by an only daughter, and was therefore another person. 

After passing through various hands, the Manor of Thornhaugh, 
which had been for many generations in the family of Seymark, passed 
by marriage to William Sapcote, Esq., who married the heiress of 
Thomas Seymark. This William was succeeded by his son Sir Guy 
Sapcote, and his daughter carried it to Sir John Broughton, Kt., from 
whom it passed to the Russells, Earls of Bedford, ancestors of the Duke 
of Bedford, the present possessor. 

The only other remaining memorial of any member of the family is 
the fiat alabaster slab lately recovered on the restoration of Elton 
Church, upon which is recorded the death of Robert Sapcote, of Elton, 

* Or weathercocks. t Elton. 


Esq., who died the 4th of February 1600, but of whose burial the Painsh 
Register contains no record, although the usual " here lieth " occurs 
upon the stone. Possibly he was buried at Fotheringhay, and these words 
may have been inserted by the mason; as in the case of his ancestor 
Sir Richard, he may have been buried in the one parish, and his tomb- 
stone placed within the church of the place where he lived. 

There is a local tradition that this Robert Sapcote was a notorious 
gambler, and that when his guests at Elton Hall won largely, he had 
them waylaid on their departure by accomplices who despoiled them of 
their winnings. There was then a clump of trees and shrubs in the 
park called " Paradise/' where they were surprised and robbed. 

The ghost of this Robert is said to haunt his old abode, and that 
when he is seen he is accompanied by a large black watch dog, which 
rolls itself over and over before him. This is a story that has been 
handed down from generation to generation, and children to this day are 
told " You will have old Sapcote after you " if they venture after dark 
through certain parts of the park. 

" I tell the tale as it was told to me, 
But cannot vouch for what the truth may be." 

Of the alliances of the Sapcotes we have many particulars. A 
Sapcote married a daughter of Lord Denham ; another a daughter of 
Lord Vaux. John, Earl of Bedford, married the daughter of Sir Guido 
Sapcote. From the following pedigree, preserved in the Cotton MS., it 
appears that the Elton branch of the family failed in heirs male, and that 
the greater part of the estates passed by marriage to the Beaumonts of 
Cole Orton, and to the House of Bedford. 

Joh'es Sapcote de Elton^Eliz' 1 soror Joh'es Dni Dinham. 

Joh' "Wilm.=FAnna. Thos. Joh'es=pJana francis. 

Bic. miles=f=Alice d. of Sir Nicholas Gruido=pMargaret f. et h. Alice. 

Vaux, Baron of Har- miles, 


Guidonis Wal- 

ston. Dorothy. 

Bob.=j= Elizh. ux. Joh'es Style militis. Anna ux. Joh. Broughton 

militis ; renupta Joh. Com. 


Henry=pJana de Saarbright, co. Lincoln. 

Elizabeth filia et=Thomae Beaumont in Cole Orton 
haeres. co. Leics. militi. 


The subjoined pedigree shews the descent of the noble family of 
Fitzwilliam from a Sapcote of Elton. 

Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, ob. 1526=f=Ann Sapcote. 


I . I I I J . 

Sir William, ob. 1599=pAnn Sidney. John. Bryan. John. Christian. 

r 7. r " i r i 

Sir "William, ob. 1618=p Winifred Mildmay. John. Mary. Philippa. Margaret. 

r i i 

Sir William, ob. 1643, created Baron Lifford=pCatherine Hyde. Walter. Aon. 


.1 I.I I.I 

William, ob. 1658=j=Jane Hunter. John. Winifred. Catherine. Ann. 

I. Mill.. 

William, ob.=pAnn Cran- Charles. Cathe- Frances. Jane = Sir Christo- 

1719, Viscount mer. — rine. pher Wren. 

Miltoun & Earl Ferdinand. 

William, Charles. John, 2nd=j=Ann Stringer. Catherine. Rachel. Jane, 
b. 1678, Earl, ob. 

Frances. Mary. Anna 


ob. 1699. George. 1728. 

William, 3rd Earl, ob. 1756=f=Ann Wentworth. Anne. Elizh. Mary. 

William, = Charlotte George. Henry. Ann. Charlotte. Amelia. Henrietta. 
4th Earl. Ponsonby. — 



Of the Sapcote Motto. 

This does not appear to be found elsewhere than over the ancient 
gateway at Elton Hall, where it is to be seen, with the arms, above the 
arch which was formerly the principal entrance to the building, the date 
of which may be referred to the fifteenth century. Both the wording and 
meaning of the motto are very obscure, and have given rise to various 
conjectures. The following letters bearing upon the subject are 
interesting, although the conclusions arrived at are hardly convincing. 

Notes and Queries, vol. i., pages 366, 476 : 

Over the old gatehouse of Elton, co. Hunts, built by the family of Sapcote, 
is their coat of arms, namely, " three dove-cotes," and upon a scroll surrounding 
the lower part of the shield is carved a motto, evidently French, and as evidently 
cut by a person ignorant of that language. So far as I can decipher it, the letters 
appear to be — 

Sco toot x vinic [or umic] x pones. 
Possibly the first and last letters s are only flourishes. I shall be glad of any 
suggestion as to its meaning. 

I have not been able to find the Sapcote motto on record ; and I believe the 
Carysfort family, the possessors of Elton, and the Duke of Bedford, the heir in 
blood, to be ignorant of what this scroll is intended to represent. 

Athenaeum Club. Eeminois. 

Sapcote Motto (No. 23, p. 366). — This motto is known to be French, and 
as far as it can be deciphered is — 

" Sco toot x vinic [or unic] x pones," 
the first and last letters being possibly flourishes. This certainly seems 
unpromising enough. The name being Sapcote, quasi Sub-cote, and the arms 
"three dove-cotes," I venture to conjecture " Sous cotes unisons" as not very far 
from the letters given. If it be objected that the word " cote " is not in use in 
this sense, it may be remarked that French, " After the scole of Stratford atte 
bowe," might borrow such a meaning to suit the sound, from "cote" in the sense 
of a side or declivity. And if the objection is fatal to the conjecture, I would 
then propose " Sous toit unissons." If we reject the supposed flourishes at the 
beginning and end of the inscription, and take it to be 

Co Toot unic 
The c being a well-known ancient form of s, there is a difference of only one 
letter between the inscription so deciphered and the proposed motto. 

If either of these be adopted, the sentiment of family union and family 
gathering, " As doves to their windows," is well adapted for a family device. 

J. C. 


Notes and Queries, vol. ii., p. 30, June 8, 1850 : 

Sapcote Motto. — Taking for granted that solutions of the Sapcote motto 
are scarce, I send you what seems to me something nearer the truth than the 
arbitrary and unsatisfactory translation of J. C. 

The motto stands thus : — 

" Sco toot x vinic (or umic) x pones." 

Adopting J. C.'s suggestion that the initial and final s are mere flourishes 
(though that makes little difference), and also his supposition that c may have 
been used for s, and, as I fancy, not unreasonably conjecturing that the x is 
intended for dis, which is something like the pronunciation of the numeral X, we 
may then take the entire motto without garbling it, and have sounds representing 

que toute disunio dispenses, 
which grammatically and orthographically corrected would read literally " All 
disunions cost " or " destroy," the equivalent of our " Union is strength." The 
motto, with the arms " three dove-cotes," is admirably suggestive of family union. 

W. C. 

( 77 ) 



To the Sapcotes succeeded the Probys, the present possessors of the 
Hall, who have now been the principal family in Elton for nearly three 
hundred years. We give the pedigree from Sir Peter Proby, who was 
Lord Mayor of London in 1622. Stow, in his account of London,' 54 ' writes 
the name " Prebye," and informs us that Peter Prebye and Martin 
Lumley were Sheriffs of London at the time that the New River was 
brought from Amwell to the Metropolis in 1614. 

Sir Heneage Proby, who was born in 1600, was possessed of 
considerable property in the locality, and served the office of Sheriff of 
Cambridgeshire and Huntingdon in 1651. The hall was first occupied by 
the family as tenants, until it was acquired by purchase from the 
Sapcotes, probably about 1602, as Sir Peter Proby, the Lord Mayor of 
London, was described as " of Elton " at that date. From that time to 
the present it has been the chief home of the family, altered and added 
to by one member after another, until it has assumed its present size 
and proportions. 

Sir Peter Proby t=j=Elizabeth, da. of John Thoroughgood, Esq., 
of Temple Cheeton, co. Herts. 

Sir Heneage Proby ,=pEllen, da. of Edward Charles=j=Sister to George Torriano 

b. 1600, ob. 16G7 

Allen, Esq., of 


of London, merchant. 

Sir Thomas=T=Frances Cot- John=pJane Editha= Sir John John=pJane 

Proby, 1st 

ton, da. of Sir Proby. 
Robt. Cotton, 

Cust. Proby. Osborne. Proby. 


Francesca, s.p. b 

* Edit. 1618, p. 957. 

t In the will of Sir Peter Proby, dated 1624, the Manor of Elton is dealt with as belonging 

to him. 





Alice Proby,* born^Hon. Thomas Watson, who assumed the name of 

about 1672-3, aged 
11 in 1684. Sole 
survivor of six chil- 

Wentworth under the will of his uncle "William, 2nd 
Earl of Strafford. He died Oct, 1728, aged 57. He 
was the second surviving son of Edward, 2nd Lord 

Thomas, created Earl of Malton 1734, and Marquis of Eockingham 1746. 

Sir John=pElizabeth, 

Bart., 1st 

da. and 
heir of 






killed at 




Charles : 




: Pownall. Baptist=pEussell. 


Elizabeth Osborne,=j=John Joshua Proby ,=j=Elizabeth 

1st wife. 

b. 1751, ob. 1828, 
Earl of Carysfort. 

2nd wife. 

Elizabeth =Storer. 

2nd Earl. 

Grranville=Flsabella Gertrude. Charlotte. Elizabeth = Win. Wells. 

3rd Earl. 



John Joshua, 
Lord Proby, 
b. 1825, ob. 


Granville= Lady 
Levison, Augusta 
4th Earl. Hare. 




Win, Proby, = Charlotte Mary, 
5th Earl, da.ofR.B. Heath- 

K.P. cote of Friday 

Hall, Essex. 

Frances. Elizabeth=pLord Claud Hamilton, Isabella. 


bro. of 1st 

Duke of 

Theodosia— W. Baillie, & 
has issue. 

Douglas=Lady Margaret Hutchinson, da. of the 
Earl of Donoughmore, and has issue. 

* On the 18 July 1689 a licence for marriage was granted to " The Hon. Thomas Watson, 
Esqre., of Rockingham, co. North", Bach r , aged 22, & Alice Proby, of Elton, co. Hunt., Sp r , 
aged 17, with consent of her mother Lady Frances Proby, her father Sir Tho s Proby, Bar', being 
dead; at S* Martin's in the Fields, Midd., or [blank]." See "Allegations for Marriage Licences 
issued by Vicar-General of Archbishop of Canterbury," vol. xxxi. Publications of Harleian 
Society, p. 113.; 


Sir Thomas Proby,* who was created a Baronet on the 7th March 
1662, married the daughter of Sir Robert Cotton, Bart., of Connington, 
the learned antiquary and collector of the valuable MSS. which bear his 
name. This gentleman was the first to alter and enlarge the Hall, and to 
make it the family residence. By the courtesy of his kinsman and 
representative, the Earl of Carysfort, we are enabled to give the following 
interesting particulars of the accounts and expenditure of a gentleman of 
position in the reign of Charles II. f They are contained in a manuscript 
book, carefully and fully entered in his own handwriting, and give minute 
particulars both of his income and expenditure. By a careful perusal of 
the latter we can trace the manner of life of this good old English 
squire. We can picture him to ourselves both in town and country, and 
making occasional visits to an outlying property in Buckinghamshire. In 
all his varied functions as landowner, Member of Parliament, magistrate, 
officer of militia, and Lay Rector, we can note the active discharge of his 
duties. The costs of his buildings, for which he appears to have paid as 
the works progressed, and which were continued for some years, are all 
regularly recorded. He gives the charges for planting, fencing, stocking, 
and farming his lands. We can moreover trace the various changes in 
the dress of his time, the character of his establishment, the furnishing 
of his carriage houses and stables. As an employer we find him most 
methodical in his habits and scrupulously correct in his accounts. We 
can trace the various stages of his journeyings to and fro, his intercourse 
with his neighbours, his transactions with his relations and friends. 

Of these particulars the following extracts will give illustrations, 
to which we prefix entries explanatory of the prices of various articles, 
and the cost of animals, and charges for labour 200 years ago, which it 
may be interesting to compare with those of the present day. 

One episode only may be noted in passing, namely, a touching 
provision which the good man made for the possible event of the non- 

* In his " Short Character of Thomas, Earl of Wharton," Dean Swift relates an instance of 
harsh and unfair treatment by him, as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, exercised upon " Thomas 
Proby, Esqre., Chirurgeon-General of Ireland, a person universally esteemed." See Swift's 
Works, published in Edinburgh 1768, vol. xi., pp. 216, 217. 

f When Sir Thomas Proby, the writer of this Account Book, sat as Member for the County 
of Huntingdon, his colleague was the somewhat notorious Colonel Silas Titus, who is described by 
Macaulay as "a noted Presbyterian, a vehement Exclusionist, and manager of Stafford's 
impeachment," but who was nevertheless created a member of the Privy Council. This Titus was 
the author, under the name of " William Allen," of a remarkable publication entitled " Killing 
no Murder," from which it appears that he was from principle a zealous supporter of Cromwell, 
until the tyrannical designs of the latter became apparent to the whole country ; he then turned 
round upon the cunning despot, and used every effort to render him odious to the people by 
representing him as a crafty usurper. It is said that the pamphlet, which advocated his 
assassination, produced such an effect upon Cromwell's mind that he never smiled afterwards. 


survival of his only son ; and silent memorials in Elton Church attest the 
correctness of his forebodings, for the record of the untimely death, not 
only of the son, but also of three daughters, his remaining children, 
faces the tablet which tells of his own departure. Father and family rest 
side by side, there awaiting, with many others of their race, the great 
awakening — like as with the insect race, whose labours and struo-o-les are 
so truly pictures of our own : 

" Hi motus animorum atque hsec certamina tanta 
Pulveris exigui jactu, compressa quiescunt." 

The first entry in the Account Book* is dated March 3, 1663 : 
For the sale of a coach horse £13 00 00 

Then follow : 

March 2 nd or 3 rd for the sale of a black gelding 08 05 00 

June 24 th for y e little bay nagg 07 00 00 


23 weathers 13 09 04 

Abrow n nagg 07 14 00 

Ablacknagg 16 00 00 

And at various times : 

ffor a pair of colts at Leighto' 25 07 06 

J. Child for a cow and calf 04 09 00 

To John Child for a cow 03 19 06 

For 60 sheep at Old Weston 30 00 00 

2 horses at Old Weston 10 12 04 

4 heifers at Old Weston 10 00 00 

Agelding 06 07 05 

A horse for Old Weston 06 14 00 

Another horse 07 00 00 

Another 05 11 00 

5 bullocks for Old Weston 06 10 08 

ffor 10 heifers at Lilford 25 00 00 

Bought of M r Hunt 97 lamblings at 13 s 4 d a peice wh. came to ... 64 13 04 

Bought of him 78 weathers at 12 s 46 16 00 

* Such accounts as these have this special value, that they give the ordinary price of the 
various articles mentioned. Bishop Fleetwood rightly says : " I look upon such as the most sure 
guides in enquiries of this nature ; because our general histories do mostly give us the prices of 
things which are extraordinary, either for cheapness or dearness. Whereas these deliver faithfully 
the ordinary and common price of most commodities and provisions." (" Chron. Prec," Preface, 



Ewsl06atl8 s £95 08 00 

Earns 5 at 18 s a peice 04 10 00 

Two cows, calf, 2 steers and yearling 12 00 00 

A mare & foal 10 00 00 


10 lamblings at 9 s a peice 04 10 00 

33 lambhoggs at 14 s a peice 23 02 00 

40 weathers at 9 s 18 10 00 

For the black whitefoot gelding 13 10 00 

For a black gelding at Northampton 07 00 00 

3 steers at 36 s a peice 05 09 00 

3 heifers at 25 s a peice 03 15 00 

lcowat 02 02 00 

1 bull 01 15 00 

A sow and pigs of W. Edis 01 12 00 

Bernard a roan nagg 12 01 00 

A grey gelding 07 00 00 

Atraynhorse 02 10 00 

To these charges we subjoin the cost of carriages, stable implements, 
and kindred expenses, which are no less interesting : 

Eibbon for y e horses foretop 00 00 04 

For mending the chariott 00 17 06 

Planking the stable 03 04 06 

For 2 new shoes for sorrel at Elton 00 01 00 

For a blew saddlecloth 00 03 06 

2 coach whip thongs 00 01 06 

For 2 new bridles 00 03 06 

Cleaning the coach 00 00 02 

Expended in the year 1664 : — 

For horsemeat 89 15 09 

Stable charges 19 12 05 

Horsehire & ffarrier 07 16 11 

Shoeing the horse 00 01 06 

2 leather halters 00 02 04 

A sadle cloth 00 02 08 

A chariot to Green 32 00 00 

Harnesse & bitts 09 00 00 

A canvas cover 00 18 00 

Charges to London to fetch y e charret 01 06 06 

2 hempen halters 00 00 08 

Abridle 00 01 04 

A curry comb 00 00 10 



















A pair of stirrup leathers £00 

A black bridle 00 

7 lbs. of grease for the coach 00 

A sadle 00 

Timber, brasswork, ironwork ah* altering the coach 16 

Mending the coach going to London 00 

A male pillion & girts 00 

My new coach 68 

The next extracts give us the cost of provisions of various kinds in 
1663 and five following- years : 

July 19, ff or russet pipins 00 04 08 

A couple of young pulletts 00 02 08 

A shoulder of veal ■ 00 01 08 

A loyn of mutton 00 01 03 

4 b of cherries 00 01 00 

2 pound of butter 00 00 10 

A chees . 00 01 08 

4 soles 00 01 00 

A forequarter & loyn of mutton 00 05 00 

A couple of rabbits 00 01 08 

A couple of poultry 00 01 08 

8 bushel of oats 00 16 04 

ffor a pound of butter 00 00 06 

A shoulder of mutton 00 01 00 

3 turkeys 00 07 06 

3 ducks 00 03 00 

Codlings 00 00 02 

An ounce of mace 00 01 02 

Jessamin butter 00 01 00 

A chadern of coles 00 16 00 

ffor a bottle of sack 00 02 00 

A pound of hogg's lard 00 00 06 

3 bottles of claret 00 02 06 

Caraway comfits 00 01 00 

4 ounces of nutmegs 00 00 08 

A peck of walnutts 00 00 08 

A qur of writing paper 00 00 05 

Pillsstomack 00 00 08 

1 q'r of pap. & an earpick 00 00 11 

A couple of rabbetts 00 02 04 

2 sugar loaves single refined weighing 7 lb 13 0z at 12 d p. pound 00 07 09 

2 sugar loaves double refined weighing 7 lb ll oz at 22 d 00 13 05 

4 large tongues 00 12 00 


4 doz. of pigeons <£00 0-5 00 

Sea cole agreed for Edw. Cockayn 4 chad' & half 04 19 00 

A pound of tobacco in Xtmas to J. Child 00 04 00 

10 bushel of apples 01 00 00 

A barrel of capers 00 03 00 

A barrel of hike olives 00 08 00 

11 strike of grey wheat for seed 01 16 08 

A salmon & carriage from "Wansford 00 10 08 

60 strike of coles 01 12 06 

2 pound of sugar for cyder 00 01 00 

ffor a keg of sturgeon & porterage 01 02 00 

82 lbs. of hony for mead 01 15 00 

Aples & pears 12 strike 00 17 00 

1 strike of bay salt 00 06 00 

5 hens at Stamford 00 02 08 

Teirce of claret double caskt 06 02 06 

Our extracts will now have reference to the cost* of planting, labour, 
and building" materials ; to be followed by that of dress, charges 
attendant upon service in the militia, with miscellaneous items illustrative 
of the habits of the times and the characteristics of the journalist. 

There is a special note relating to " Labourers at Aylton : — From 
Martinmas to Candlemas 6 d a day. From Candlemas to Lady Day 7 d . 
From that to harvest 8 d . From thence to y e end of harvest 1 shilling. 
From thence to Michaelmas 7 a . In harvest mowers I s 2 d & I s 4 d ." 

To Ashby for 2 days' digging chalk £00 02 00 

For 36 pole of hedging & ditching and quicking 01 16 00 

T e carpenter for 2 days' work 00 03 00 

ffor M r Peveril fallowing 10 a 3 17 00 02 10 

Sheering of 3 sheep 00 00 06 

For largess in the field 00 03 00 


The following extracts from the Pipe Roll of Henry II. may be compared with the prices 
of farm produce as recorded by Sir Thomas Proby : — 

Date. Description. Numb f t Avera S e 

1 or weight. price. 

31 Henry II. Oxen 21 3 9 

Sheep 85 8 d 

Oats (seed) 200 ld9 l 9 6 d 

Barley (seed) 8 lds 2 a 2 d 

Wheat (seed) 16 lds 2" 10 d 

33 Henry II. Oxen 12 5 9 

Cows 4 3 9 

Bull 1 3 9 

Cart Horses. 3 5 f 

Sheep 66 6 d 

Pigs 16 8 d 


Gardner for 2 days' work £00 

5 days' plowing to G. S 00 

2 doz. & 11 moles catching at 2 d a mole 00 

Mowing 3 a of meadow 00 

Thacking the hal barn 00 

To Fisher the carpenter coming over hither several times, it coming 

to in all 16 days at 3 s a day 02 

Glazier for the Tower mending 00 

For the masons to drink 00 

To my Cosen "Weldon for 2 fodder of lead to be delivered at Aylton 30 

To Rowe for drawing a chy'ny peice 00 

Hinges 10 pr. bought at Londo' 01 

Taking down the old house 26 

4 stock locks 00 

Casting of hills in the hil ground 00 

The Kingston carpenter making a sta'ding stool 00 

3 taylors working about the hangings of a chamber 00 

For a stone morter to a weldon mason 00 

Thomas Grey one yeare's mole catching 00 

ffor 21 loads of muck 00 

Driving 41 sheep to old West n 00 

Tho. Coo"k carpenter 6 days 00 

Butcher Edis killing 3 calfs 00 

Goodwife Ingram 5 days' wool winding 00 

For killing a hogg 00 

Ingram 3 days' thacking 00 

Ch. Cook carpenter 11 days 00 

3 strike of hair for y e slaters 00 

3 doz. of crabstocks 00 

E. Goodwin 8 days' hedging 00 

A cutting knife for y e haycocks 00 

W m Tompson 2 weeks looking to y e lambs 00 

ffor ash setts paid for 20 00 

More for 4 ash setts 00 

For making a plough & timber 00 

Paid bearer marking, c'ryng, pounding & graysing a stray sheep ... 00 

Cutting reed at Taxley 02 

400 of willows at 17 s per c d 03 

Wildbore of Yaxley setting willows 00 

4 days' thacking 00 

16 hurdles for y e fold 00 

Reaping 7 ac. of wheat to Dally & his company at 22 d pr. a 1 ' 00 

Gathering, shocking & binding wheat 00 

W. Dexter 3 days in hay time 00 

A lock & setting it on at Yaxley dovecoat 00 


























































































Butcher killing 3 cows, 7 calves, 3 porkers £00 

To the mower of thistles at Yaxley 00 

To servts . cutting a hole in y e barley mow 00 

1500 quicks for Archer's Croft 00 

Griven amongst y e servants for harvest gloves 12 d a peice 00 

4 thousand of turf brought home by our own team 00 

A woman gathering bettony 00 

To old Shepheard Tompso' for his girl y l gathered acornes 00 

Cutting 800 stakes 00 

72 pole of hedging 00 

1 load of bushes cutting 00 

1200 of stakes cutting 00 

Baldwin the gardner planting 44 trees at S. Hardings 02 

Planting cherry trees in Culverhouse Field 00 


A load of ash felling 00 

Making 4100 faggots at I s 6 d per 100 03 

For making 1900 of downright faggots 01 

Cutting 200 of broom stakes 00 

1000 of quickset 00 

30 loads of billet feld in winter 1680 in y e lodge wood at 6 s y e load 09 

3500 of bricks 01 

To the sawyers for 250 feet of boards sawing 00 

Cost of various articles of dress. 
First, of the Baronet's attire and accoutrements : 

ff or two suits of armour 01 

ffor a pair of pistolls & holsters 00 

Black stockings worsted 00 

Pistols 04 

Cutler for my sword mending 00 

Velvitt capp 00 

Shoes 00 

Mending my belt 00 

A white sattin capp 00 

For a pair of jassamin gloves 00 

A pair of shoes & galoshes 00 

A hatt 01 

Mending the pistolls 00 

A pair of new pistolls 00 

Jackson for a wastcoat 02 

ffor a hatt 01 

A pair of pistolls stocking 00 
















































































Jackson the taylor in full £28 10 00 

1 pr. of silk stockings for my wife 00 14 00 

M r Jackson a periwigg 01 15 00 

a hatt 01 00 00 

Mending a periwigg 00 04 00 

Hayr powder 00 03 00 

A periwigg, £1 15 in al. 

A riding coat sent to Aylton 00 16 00 

A black fringe belt 01 15 00 

Archer for a candebee hatt 00 10 00 

Sword 02 15 00 

Belt 00 07 00 

Servants' equipments : 

For a hanger and belt for Galton 00 19 06 

A coat for the butler 01 07 06 

M rs Betty my sister's mayd 6 pairs of white gloves & a pair of 

jessamin 00 14 06 

2 calves' skins for Jack Cockayn's linings 00 01 08 

P d for ribbins for lining of 2 freeze coats for liverys 02 00 00 

To the taylor making freeze coat for Jack & Ralph & mending 

breeches 00 06 04 

Jack's arm setting 00 01 00 

Goldlace 00 03 09 

ff or the taylor for mending the liverys 00 02 06 

AhatforEalph 00 04 06 

A half shirt to Jack 00 07 00 

2 course hatts for y e men Nat & Jack 00 12 00 

Bernard's winter coat 01 02 00 

Charges consequent upon service with the Militia : 

For 2 militia swords 01 00 00 

Mustering 00 05 00 

The trumpeters 00 01 00 

Drum'er 00 01 00 

J. Libbey 2 days' mustering 00 05 00 

5 days' trooping 00 12 06 

To John Webster given for a day's mustering 00 02 06 

By me for mustering 00 05 00 

Warmington tax the militia 00 01 00 

3 days' trooping 00 09 00 

Powder [? hair powder] 00 00 04 

Nassington Militia & house of correction 00 04 04 

Atraynhorse 02 10 00 

Hanger & belt for S. Harding 00 13 06 

Hanger & belt for Galton 00 19 06 


There are also entries of payments in connection with his 
representation of the county in the House of Commons, e.g. — 

Officers at the House of Commons £00 05 00 

Others of dues from him as a barrister, as — 

Temple porter an errand 00 01 00 

To M r Buck of the Temple for composition for vacations 25 00 00 

T e Baron of y e Exchequer man for being sworn 00 01 00 

Acts of Parliament 00 04 06 

Other payments in connection with his office of Justice of the Peace : 

To the Clerk of the Peace , 03 19 06 

At Huntingdon Easter Sessions 00 08 06 

At the Sessions spent 00 08 00 

Books of Justice of Peace 00 08 00 

At Assizes to the Judge's man 00 01 00 

To M r Clark, Clerk of the Peace 00 01 00 

Many on briefs : 

A brief at church 00 01 00 

To poor people at the door with a breif 00 01 00 

To a breif for a fire at Boston n r Leicester 00 01 00 

The breife to London 01 00 00 

The Yaxley estate, which includes Norman Cross, is among the 
earliest possessions of the Proby family in the county of Huntingdon, 
and is associated with the title of the present noble owner, who is of 
Norman Cross. Sir Thomas appears to have done much for Yaxley in 
various ways, the church and its ministers being special objects of his 
bounty, as will be seen from the following entries :* 

Giv' to Yaxley men to drink 00 05 00 

The clerk's salary at Yaxley for half a year 00 13 04 

Poorat Yaxley 00 08 06 

Prisonerst 00 00 06 

To Vicar of Yaxley by y e hands of M r Hormel his pension & 

assig'm't by me gra'ted for ^ yeare 15 00 00 

For registring my decree for Yaxley ff en 02 06 00 

* The Proby family continued their benefactions to Yaxley through succeeding generations, 
e.g., " The principal donations to the parish were those of Francis and Jane Proby, 1711 and 
1712, which in 1786 produced £38 a year, now considerably more" (Sweeting). Also, one of the 
bells is inscribed : " Memento. Mori. Joh. Proby. Armiger. Manerii. Dominus. Benefactor. 1721." 

f These would be French prisoners at Norman Cross Barracks. 


To the clerk of Yaxley for his salary* £00 13 04 

Sequestration of Yaxley Vicaridge & the dues paid 17 14 00 

Cutting reed at Yaxley 02 16 00 

Wildbore of Yaxley setting willows 00 15 06 

400 of willows at 17s. per c d 03 08 00 

A lock & setting it on at Yaxley dovecoat 00 01 00 

To the mower of thistles at Yaxley 00 00 06 

M r Andrew Vicar of Yaxley 10 00 00 

Yaxley molecatcher 00 05 00 

Masons for building y e Parsonage House 11 13 09 

Slaters at y l ,, 02 10 00 

Balderston a score & 7 poles for Yaxley Parsonage 01 11 02 

Griven men at work at Yaxley Church 00 06 06 

3 ketles bought for Yaxley 02 08 00 

To Barf ord at Yaxley 4 .days with John Edmunds 00 04 00 

To Simon Brew r at Yaxley when I lost my sword 00 02 06 

Of the miscellaneous entries the following is the most noteworthy: 

1666. Borrowed of Legat f 100 1 ., • , , , ., ^. 

M' Hicks J 050 } this lent to the King. 

This must have been upon some sudden emergency. The Baronet, 
so precise and regular in his expenditure, would not otherwise have 
borrowed money from his men of business, as Legat and Mr. Hicks 
appear to have been, nor would he upon ordinary occasions have been 
without sufficient, not so say ample supplies, for his own requirements. 
The time was about that of the conclusion of the war with Holland, 
when money for public necessities and private extravagances was much 
needed by Charles II., whom Hume rightly styles " this necessitous 
monarch." At the outset of the war "the King had received no supplies 
from Parliament, but by his own funds and credit he was enabled to 
equip a fleet ; the City of London lent him £100,000, the spirit of the 
nation seconded his armaments. "f Afterwards, when the war had 
broken out, and the contest had been carried with varying success and 
great losses on either side, supplies were voted by Parliament, and taxes 
levied on the Clergy by Convocation. Still the King's wants continually 
increased. Subsequently, in 1666, the great fire broke out in London, 
and the sympathies of his subjects were enlisted in his favour, and we 
may well conclude the loan here entered is a, proof that Sir Thomas, who 
had recently been created a Baronet, was not backward in lending 
pecuniary assistance to the King. 

There is no mention of repayment. 

* This recurs. t Hume's " History of England," vol. viii., p. 484. 
















Other interesting miscellaneous entries are — 

For setting y e arms on 4 pieces of plate £00 

M r Cook y e picture drawer 23 

A peice of plate to my cose' Halsey 10 

A peice of plate to my cose' Holsworthy 07 

To my cosen Holsworthy for wine, presented by the Secretary 05 

ffor rent to M r Hewitt for my house in Pel Mel at Christmas 

last due* 06 

For the May singers 00 

The Squire was a sportsman, and paid heavy sums for breaking in 
his dogs, e.g. — 

ffor the man Whitle to make my dog, in part of 3 U to be paid when 

he is made 4 d per week for his diet 00 10 00 

To "Whittle for making my dogg he having before received 10 s 02 10 00 

For2nettsf 00 06 08 

For the doggs' bord 00 13 04 

Lost at shovel board at Bowm 00 01 06 

For largess in the field 00 03 00 

Given away 4 tortoiseshell combs 00 06 00 

To Tom y e butler at Cunnington 00 10 00 

Lostattables 00 01 06 

Chymney money for y e Hal 00 04 00 

To a poor minister 00 05 00 

To y e constable for a rate for a robbery 00 03 11 

For registring my decree for Yaxley ff en 02 06 00 

ffor the crowner for E. Colton 00 10 00 

"Weomen that searched him 00 04 00 

To the collection for London at the time of the sicknesse| 00 10 00 

To Sir J. Cutts his keeper 00 10 00 

Affan 00 04 06 

Chimney money 01 02 00 

Watching 00 05 00 

Taxes and gift to y e poor 28 11 06 

Lost at tables § 00 04 00 

At the Sacrament at X mas 00 05 00 

M r Dryden's man 00 01 00 

S r P. "Woodhouse his man lighting me home 00 02 00 

At Taxley when I went to see the duckoy 00 01 06 

Taking down the old house 26 17 02 

• This, as appears from other entries, was a quarterly payment. It is curious to note the 
vast increase in the value of property in that locality. 

t Partridge nets. % The Plague. § Often recurs. 



A tax at Old "Weston y e Eoyal ayd £04 

The collectors of the pol mony in full for myself & servants 17 

Epso' water 00 

Visited people of Warmington* 00 

A dozen of silver spoons 07 

Dally watching one night in the Tower 00 

ffor a cupp 20 

Chymney money for the house 15 chy'nys 00 

4 packs of cards by y e butler at Xtmas 00 

To M r Coldwel for letting blood 00 

Gittar strings 00 

To my Lord of Westmoreland's keeper a fee for venison 00 

Dishes of the Frenchman in S. Martin's lane 08 

Maymed soldiers 00 

The Deane's entertainment 14 

A partridge net 00 

Keep's fee for a doe 01 

To the Cloggers 00 

For change of a half guiny 00 

To a Bedlam given 00 

Elixir proprietatis 00 

Labourers about diging y e mote Aylton 04 

A wool bed of Butler of Merburn 10 

A f ether bed, bolster & pillows of Butler's wife 01 

To Clement a f ayring 00 

To poor passengers 00 

To Sim 11 Brew r at Yaxley when I lost my sword 00 

To Franc' for learning her chapter 00 

Deane's entertainment 1670 17 

Deane's entertainment year 1671 19 

To y e subsidys 03 

To M r Horsnel for 2 pictures of Tom & Alice 02 

For a coffin for E. Cotton 00 

This last item is curious and somewhat perplexing. What relative 
of the antiquary was this R. Cotton ? Why was this coffin provided 
by Sir Thomas Proby for a relative of his wife who would have died 
probably at Conington 9 The cost too is very trifling for such an article, 
especially in an age when funerals of persons of position were conducted 
with considerable pomp and show. Is it possible that it may have been a 
mere shell constructed out of some favourite tree, the carrying out of a 
wish expressed in the lifetime of the deceased? Such instances have, 
we know, occasionally occurred. f 

* Plague. f See Sussex Archaeological Collections, vol. xxxv., p. 82. 




































































One more extract must conclude our transcripts from this most 
interesting and suggestive Account Book. It is written on a separate 
page at the end of the ledger : 

A Eeceipt for a Consumption. 

Take half a breast of the best weather mutton, the fat end, boil it in 
conduit water, continually skiin'ng it as it riseth, then take up the mutton, lett it 
be cold, and put it into a gallon of red cow's milk with a pound of the best blue 
currans, half a pound of the best dates, a blade or two of large mace, two good 
handfuls of wild daysey roots and leaves picked, washed & dryed very clean, a 
root or two of comfry or 3 or 4 leaves, set this on the fire till it simper but not 
boyl too fast. Let it thus stand till it be washed to a potle, a little before your 
taking it up put into it half a pint of plantane water, half a pint of red rose water, 
half a pint of mint water, let them have a balme or 2 in it, stirring it continually 
in the fire, take it up & break al these together very small with your hands, strayn 
it & sett it in a bason to cool, take off the fatt of it & drink it warm thrice 
a day, morning, & sleep after it, at four in the afternoon, & at night lesse y' 
half a pint at a time. 

( 92 ) 



Contain as usual a record of entries and exits, joys and sorrows, rises 
and falls, successive events in " the tale that is told," a continuous 
" memento mori." 

The Elton books are fairly early, have been well kept and preserved, 
and are full of interest in the various notable particulars which such 
memorials commonly afford, e.g., the annals of the several families that 
have called the village their home ; the observance of the enactments 
which have affected the different entries : such as the transfer of 
registration from the minister to some individual selected to supplant 
him ; the marrying before a Justice of the Peace ; the collections under 
the authority of briefs ; the order for burying in woollen ; together with 
incidental mention of events of unusual local importance, such as broke 
the even tenour of village life, and excited the feelings of the members 
of the little community. 

It was in the year 1538 that the keeping of Parochial Registers was 
first ordered by Thomas Cromwell, " lord privy seale."* It was, however, 
some time before the observance of this order became general. The 
original injunction, dated 29th September of that year, required "the 
Curate of every Parish Church to keep one book or Register, which Book 
he shall every Sunday take forth, in the presence of the Churchwardens 
or one of them, write and record in the same all the weddings, 
Christ'nings and burials made the whole week before : and for every 
time the same shall be omitted shall forfeit to the said Church iij s iiij d ." 

Notwithstanding this penalty, which would probably be rarely 
enforced, only 812 Register Books are extant which date from 1538. It 

* Stow says : " This month of Sepf 1538, Thomas Cromwell, lord privy seale, vice-gerent 
to the king's hignesse. sent forth injunctions to all bishops and curates throughout the realme 
charging them to see that in everie parish church the Eyble of the largest volume printed in 
English were placed for all men to reade in, and that a book of register were also provided and 
kept in everie parish church." Hence it appears that the introduction of the Bible, in the 
mother tongue, to our churches was contemporaneous with that of Parish Eegisters. 


is true that others apparently begin about that time, but it will be found 
that the entries until about 1597 are in the handwriting of one person, 
and were copied from such loose documents as happened to have been 
preserved. This was evidently the case in Elton, as appears from the 
commencement of the oldest volume, which is thus begun : 

" The Register booke of Aillington from the yeare of mercie 1560, 
and made in y e Yeare of our Lord 1598 and y e yeare of the 
Raigne of our Souveraigne Ladie Queene Elizabethe 40." 

The ordinance* of the Clergy of Canterbury in Convocation, 
formally approved by the Queen under the Great Seal, made the keeping 
of these books imperative, for it was expressly ordered (and the order was 
afterwards embodied in the 70th Canon of 1603) that the entries from 
the older paper books were to be transcribed on vellum, and to be kept 
in " a sure coffer with three locks/' of which the minister and each 
churchwarden was to have a key. 

Of the names of families still to be found in the parish, two only 
appear on the first page — Goodwyn and Edis. Of these, the latter have 
been continuously resident, sometimes as butchers, gamekeepers, etc., 
and occasionally serving parochial offices, such as parish clerk; the first 
mention of them occurs in 1574, "The 9 th of Nov. was buried Agnes 

On the same page we find the Sapcote family : 

1565 John Sapcote was buried the 27 th daie of September, the sonne of 

M r Eoberte Sapcote. 
1565 M r Eoberte Sapcote, Esquire, and M rs Elnor Sands was married the vi th daie 

of November. 

There are but few records in these books of this eminent family, the 
ancient possessors of the Hall and Manor. We have : 

1578 M r James Harinton and M rs Frances Sapcote were married the 21 daie 

ofMaie. . . . . . 

1579 Bridget Harington the daughter of M r James Harington was baptized the 

29 th of februarie in the Chapell of M r Sapcote. 

An entry which is interesting as referring to the " beauteous 
Chapell " mentioned by Speed, from which the chalice and paten were 
stolen in the reign of Edward VI. ; the last mention of them is — 

1586 The 23 daie of October was buried M rs Elnor Sapcotes the wieffe of Eobt. 
Sapcotes, Esquire. 

* Made October 25, 1597. 


Our extracts will now be taken indiscriminately, and will have 
reference to occurrences out of the ordinary course, or relate to families 
allied to some who are still inhabitants of Elton. 

1595 Conjux a conj.uge interfecta. The 11 daie of June was buried Elizabeth 
the wyffe of Kelly Lyon, who was cruelie murdered, her throate cut 
the friday at nighte, being the 9 of June, & soe found dead in y e 
morning, beinge done by the hands of her owne husband. 

1602 The 13 of deceinbr was buried Laurence broughton slayne in fight by 
Eobt. "Waters of Ailton. 

1611 The 16 of October was buried one called M r Nicholas Thurgood, yeoman.* 

1615 M r William Dickenson, parson of this Parishe of Aylton, was buried at 

Oundell uppon Thursdaie the xxvii th daie of Julie 1615, and when he 
had been parson 50 t,e years and upwards. 

1616 The first daie of December was baptized the sonne of M r "William 

Bendishe named Skeffington, the s d Skeffington was borne the 24 th of 

1626 The eight day of June was buried M r William Bendish, Eector of the 

Psh. of Ailton. 
1630 John Cooper y e sonne of M r John Cooper,t bap. 23 May. 
1636 M rs Dorothy Cooper, wife of M r John Cooper, was buried 17 March. 

In 1648, and for some years afterwards, the entries are made by 
Skeffington Bendish, whose baptism is recorded in 1616. His descent 
from the " Rector " probably procured his appointment to the republican 
office of " Register,";}: of which he was extremely proud, and which he 
constantly parades. That he was a person of no great attainments, 
although it must be confessed that he kept his books carefully, is evident 
from the following effusion which appears prominently on the margin of 
one of the registers : 

Skeffington Bendish 
ludimagistrum (sic) 

* The use of the prefix " M r " commonly denotes the rank of gentleman, a class to which 
the wealthier yeomen, that is persons cultivating their own land, in some cases belonged. Until 
the reign of George I., spinsters being gentlewomen were styled " Mistress " — thus " Mistress 
Ann Page." 

t The first mention of the beuefactor who founded and endowed Cooper's Hospital. 

t 24 August 1653. An Act was passed by Praise God Barebones Parliament, by which 
the clergy were required to give up their books to laymen, who were to be called " Parish 
Registers." These men were empowered to enter fairly in their books all publications of banns, 
marriages, births, and burials, with the dates thereof and the names of the parties, and 
to charge a fee of 12d. for every certificate of publication and entry of marriage, and of 
4d. for every entry of birth and burial. The lay Register was to be chosen in every parish by 
the inhabitant householders on or before September 22, 1653, and as soon as he had been sworn 
and approved by the local magistrate, his appointment was to be entered in the Register Book. 


Ailtonia, alias Allingtonia (sic) 

in comit Hunt. 

Honi soit Que male pence (sic). 

Evil be to him that evil thinks. 

1648 Feb. 14 Bridget Boyer alias Beho, born Feb. 14 anno domini 1648. 


Other entries at this time record only the birth. 

1688 M rs Frances Ball da. of M r Thomas Ball, late Eector of this Parish, 


1689 Sir Thomas Proby, Baronett, buryed Ap. 26. 
1696 Buried a stranger and soldier, Dec. 27. 

1699 Feb. 17 The Lady Frances Proby, Eelict of Sir Thomas Proby, late of 

this psh., Baronet. 
1703 Symon Shaw in y e 90' yeare of his age, Feb. 1, bd. 
1722 The Beverend Thomas Doctor Ball was buried feb. 16. 

Interpolated : The Eev a Thomas Ball, D.D., late Bector of this Parish, 
Feb. 16, 17** 

2 3' 

1726 The Honourable Jane Proby wife to John Proby, Esquire, Knight of the 
Shire for the County of Huntingdon, and daughter of the Bt. 
Honourable John, Lord Grower, by the Bt. Honble. the Lady 
Katherine his wife, daughter of his Grace John, Duk of Butland, 
died in childbed in Leicester Street, in the County of Middlesex, on 
Friday, June 10 th , and was interred in the burying place of the 
Family of the Probys in Elton Church, on Thursday the 16 th of June 
in the Tear of our Lord 1726. 

1736 Ann Bing, 98 years of age, Aug. 31, buried. 

1737 John Dickins and Ellinger his wife, both in a grave, Octr. y e 24. 
1745 John Beaver from Duddington, drownded in Haddon Brook, Ap. 3. 
1745 Bobt. Woolly from Boyal, drownded in the Mill Dam, May y e 15. 

1751 Mary y e wife of Bichard Palmer, a stroller, murdered by her husband Octr. 
17, buried. 

1755 Burialls Mary Males, widow, aged 87, Septr. 14. 

1756 John Bletsoe, the Parish Clerk, Aug. Z- 

1757 Catherine Cook, widow, aged (as said) 95, Ap. 24. 

1758 Burialls Baptist Borsford Proby son of the Bev. M l * Proby and M vs Mary 

Proby, from S l Martin's, Stamford, Baron, May 17 th . 

1759 Master Granville Proby son of the Bev. M r Baptist & M rs Mary Proby, 

from S. Martin's, Stamford, Baron, buried Feb. 23 rd . 

* "a.d. 1653. Now came in force a goodly Act made by the Usurper Cromwell's little 
Parliament, or the Parliament of Saints as they call it, i.e. all manner of dissembling hypocrites 
and filthy hypocrites, who ordered not the baptism but the birth of children to be recorded 
in the Parish Begister, and encouraging people to withhold their children from the sacred 
ordinance." — Lipscomb's " History of Bucks.," vol. hi., p. 47. 


1761 Elizabeth the daughter of Joseph & Ann Scot, Strollers (the Father says 
he was born of strolling parents at TJnslip in Buckinghamshire), Octr. 
18 th . baptized. 

1763 Jane Forster the eldest daughter of the Bev d John Forster and Jane 
his wife died Dec. 1 at 6 o'clock in the evening, and was buried in the 
Family Vault in the Chancel of Elton Church Deer. 6 th . 

1765 Mary the wife of Thomas Marshall, commonly called Poll Eldridge, 

buried Novr. 21 st . 

1766 Buried Thomas English (run over by a waggon), Aug. 26. 

1767 Burials Eobin Noble (a dissenter), June 20 th . 

1771 Buried Thomas Griffin, a weaver, April 18. 

1772 Burialls The Bight Honourable John Lord Carysfort, Knight of the Bath, 

Lord of the Manor of Elton, Nov. 26. 

1773 Buried John Sellers, a Gardener, Dec. 30. 

1775 Buried George Chadborn (a pauper), aged 85, Dec. 28. 

1776 M rs Ann Ball eldest daughter of the Eev. M r Ball, late Rector of this 

Parish died, Octr. 20, 1776, at Lincoln, and was buried in a new Vault 
in Elton Chancel on Saturday Octr. 26 th . 

1778 Eobt. Salmons of S l Ives, a blind stroller, b d June 5. 

1779 Lydia the daughter of William & Lydia Clark, hanged herself. 

1780 Baptized Mary the daughter of Edward & Sarah Goodwin, Militia Man. 

1780 John the son of John and Mary Pridmore of Sutton in Northamptonshire, 

said to be privately baptized at Sutton by the Eev. M r Hopkinson, 
the Curate there, brought over to Elton by the Parents and rec d full 
baptism here through his Parents omitting to acquaint D 1 ' Forster of 
the full particulars, Novr. 20. 

1781 Buried Eliz h the wife of Tho. Martin, a woolcomber. 

1782 Buried John Giddings the older, a Cooper. 

1782 Buried Esther Lombcock (Lady Carysfort's housekeeper), an Irishwoman, 
Augt. 19 th . 

1782 Elizabeth Curtis wife of John Curtis, aged 90, Aug. 22. 

1783 The Rt. Honourable Eliz th Lady Dowager Carysfort died in London 

February 27 th , and was buried in their Family Vault at Elton March 9, 

Be it remembered that the Stamp Act* took place in Octr. 2, 1783. 

1785 Baptized Mary the daughter of John & Elizabeth Spavin, a travelling 
pauper & stranger belonging to Axbridge in Somersetshire, by a Pass. 

* 23 George III., c. 71 (October 1, 1783). This imposed a duty of 3d. on every entry in 
the Parish Register. It fell lightly on the rich and heavily on the poor, placing the minister in 
the invidious position of a tax gatherer. It was repealed in 1794 by 34 George III., cap. 11. 
In the Elton books these payments are regularly entered for a few years after the passing of the 
Act. In 1792 there is a note to the effect that " The Tax is received and accounted for as usual, 
tho' not mentioned as being unnecessary." 


1784 Burials Susannah Spencer widow of John Spencer, aged 81, Aug. 3. 

1785 Elizabeth the wife of Thomas Goodwin, the Hedger, Feb. 24, 
1787 The Eevd. John Forster, D.D., Rector of this Parish, Feb. 20. 

1789 Buried Thomas Ball, D.D., Rector of Eriswell, in the county of Suffolk, 
and Great Massingham, in the county of Norfolk, June 28 th . 

1792 Jane Forster Widow of the Rev. D r Forster, late Rector of this Parish, 
April 11 th . 

1794 Bap. Mary dr. of John & Ann Welldon, Oct, 19. 

1797 Bap. Geo. s. of Geo. & Susannah Franklin, Ap. 8. 

1798 William s. of Philip & Mary Fisher, March 20. 

Memorandum. That Edward Forster of this Parish was executed at 
Huntingdon for sheep stealing, and was buried in Elton Church Yard, Sunday, 
March 3 rd , 1806. 

1801 Bap. Mary the daughter of Richard & Sarah Waterfield, a travelling 

tinker, Octr. 26. 

1802 Buried Mary Sherman from the Angel Public House,* May 14. 

1802 Samuel Perkins, a lunatic who cut his throat in the Workhouse barn, 

buried Octr. 27. 

1803 John Voules, found dead in bed, b d Jany. 28. 

1805 John Plowman from the Angel Publick House, buried Jany. 23, 1803. 

1805 Thomas Hill, Farmer, came to Elton at Michs. 1804, buried Feb. 15 th . 

1805 Eleanor Frances Beal died in London, buried June 24. 

1806 Mary the wife of James Serjeant who hanged herself Sep. 3, 1806, buried 

Septr. 5. 
1806 Jane the daughter of Thos. & Eliz h Fenn, bap. June 23. 

N.B. The child Jane entered among the Baptisms June 23 has by a mistake 
been improperly registered. The entry should have been thus : Jane the base 
born daughter of Eliz Ul Cook, it appearing that the reputed father Thomas Fenn 
at the time he married Elizabeth Cook was previously married to another woman 
then living. P. F.f 

1811 Buried Abraham Hill, accidentally drowned, May 15. 

1811 Thomas Plowright, aged 49, accidentally killed in the Gravel Pits, June 1. 

It will be observed that in these extracts there are several entries 
which appear to be of very little importance. They are introduced, as a 
rule, as shewing when the families to which they belong first came to 
Elton, and on that account they may be interesting to their descendants 

* Now converted into two dwellings occupied by Hodge and Ebbutt. It adjoins the 
entrance to the Park, and is opposite the house belonging to Mrs. Laurance, and tenanted by 
Mr. Sawyer. 

t Dr. Philip Fisher, Rector, Canon of Norwich and Master of the Charterhouse. 




who still reside in the parish. There are many records of death by 
drowning, of which but one or two are selected. The River Nene at flood 
times still maintains its dangerous character. 

Of late years, that is since 1865, it is remarkable that many 
inhabitants have attained to great ages. Of this the subjoined are 
instances : 


John Holditch, 89. 



Grrenville Levison Proby, 
of Carysfort, 86. 





John Goodwin, 92. 



Sarah Bell, 91. 



John Crawley, 92. 



Elizabeth Smith,. 93. 



Charles Braddock, 89. 



Lydia Goodwin, 92. 



Martha Newton, 90. 

Among the vexatious enactments 

of the 


solemnization of marriages 

before a 

George Steers, 90. 
William Hippey, 92. 
Euth Mitchell, 90^- 


Sarah Chown, 86. 
William Hicks, 86. 
Mary Hodges, 100. 
Mary Hayes, 87. 
Mary Hayes Mears, 87. 
Mary Scatley, 87. 

Justice of the Peace — an 
anticipation of the mischievous custom, now legalized, of civil marriages 
by the Registrar, an officer of lower position. 

Of these unions there are many instances in the Elton Registers, one 
of which, the first that occurs, will serve as a specimen of the rest. 

" The purpose of Marriage between Thomas Thurlby of this Parish, Labourer, 
and Elizabeth Eobinson of the same, Spinster, daughter of William Eobinson, 
Shepheard, deceased, was published upon the 27 th day of September and upon the 
4 th and 11 th days of October 1657, aud the said Thomas Thurlby and Elizabeth 
Eobinson solemnized their marriage the 13 th day of October anno p'dicto by John 
Norton, Esq 1 ', one of the Justices of the Peace for the county of Northampton, in 
the p'sence of William Peake, Thos. Eobinson, Sen 1 ', Tho. Eobinson, Jun 1 ', Tho. 
Drawater, cum multis alijs quos nunc p'cribere Longum est." 

It is somewhat remarkable that we find in our books none of the 
Puritanical names so general about the time of the great rebellion, and 
that there are no entries of licences to eat meat in Lent. 

The 30 Car. II., c. 3, enacted that " for the encouragement of the 
woollen manufacturers and prevention of the exportation of money for 
the importing of linen, no corps of any person shall be buried in any shirt, 
shift, sheet or shroud, or anything whatsoever made or mingled with flax, 
hemp, silk hair, gold or silver, or in any stuff or thing other than what is 
made of sheep wool only, on pain of £5." 


It was further ordered that all ecclesiastical persons should take an 
account and keep a register of every person buried, and that one of the 
relations of the party deceased or some credible person should, within 
eight days of the interment, bring an affidavit in writing to the minister 
or parson, that the said person was not buried otherwise than as this Act 

One exception, and one only, was made, viz., " that no penalty should 
be incurred by reason of any person that died of the plague." The 
recollection of that fearful scourge was too recent to admit of any 
unnecessary interference with the corpse of any who might have sunk 
under that infectious malady. 

Our registers shew that this injunction was strictly observed in 
Elton. From the first entry of the kind in 1678 there is a marginal note 
such as in the instance given, and this is continued until 1708, about 
which time the practice appears to have been discontinued. 

1678 Affidavit that he was buried in woollen received Octr. 11. John Sansam 

buryed October 5. 

Afterwards, this was slightly abbreviated, thus : 

1679 Affidavit rec d Deer. 16. Thomas Drawater, Deer. 10. 

The following record is copied from the fly-leaf of the Baptismal 
Register which begins Feb. 1813 : 

It appears from an investigation of the Register Books of this Parish, 
made by me at the request of J. Eickman, Esq., in October 1836, that the number 
of Baptisms, Burials, and Marriages in the under-mentioned years is as follows : 


Bap. 12 




4 or 5 


Bap. 15 






Bap. 16 






Bap. 24 






Bap. 20 






Bap. 9 





* This explains Pope's lines : 

" Odious ! in woollen ! 'twould a saint provoke 
(Were the last words that poor Narcissa spoke !). 
No, let a charming chintz and Brussels lace 
Wrap my cold limbs, and shade my lifeless face : 
One would not sure be frightful when one's dead — 
And — Betty — give this cheek a little red." 

" Moral Essays," lines 246—251. 












































1699 Bap. 15 Bur. 15 M. 1 

1700 Bap. 22 Bur. 12 M. 6 

1701 Bap. 20 Bur. 15 M. 7 

1749 Bap. 19 Bur. 10 M. 10 

1750 Bap. 24 Bur. 13 M. 8 

1751 Bap. 20 Bur. 20 M. 2 

1800 Bap. 20 Bur. 16 M. 7 
Octr. 24, 1836. (Signed) J. M. Symonds, Curate of Elton. 

Mem. Mr. Symonds was Curate to Dr. Fisher from 1823 to Dec. 25, 1843. 

( ioi ) 



In his description of Elton, Sweeting remarks that " the great value of 
the registers consists in a very extensive list of collections under briefs/' 
and this he rightly characterizes as " most important." As our 
predecessors have exercised unusual care in preserving this list, the 
present records would be incomplete if we failed to give in full the result 
of their painstaking diligence. For the purpose of illustrating the 
objects for which these various briefs were granted, or of recalling 
the striking events to which many of them have reference, we add 
occasional notes that may prove of general interest. 

In a general way, lists of these briefs, from the time of Elizabeth 
downwards, are often to be found in the fly-leaves of old registers, or of 
churchwardens' account books, but it is not often that one is extant so 
perfect as that of Elton. How important such a record is may be 
gathered from the fact that, apart from other considerations, " the repair 
or rebuilding of churches in post- Reformation days, until nearly the 
beginning of the Catholic Revival, was almost invariably effected by this 
method."* Our interest is excited by the mention of contemporary 
names and of the sums collected. Our thoughts revert to the wants and 
accidents of the times, to our forerunners in the parish, and in some 
measure to their means, if their recorded contributions give any index 
to the extent of their ability to contribute. 

Sometimes these orders are called " Letters of Request/' sometimes 
" Briefs " — what the distinction is, if any, is not very apparent. As the 
rule these " Briefs " were licences to collect moneys for charitable 
purposes by letters patent, which, by an Actf of 25 March 1706, were to 

* J. C. Cox, p. 75. 

f This Act had been rendered necessary by the great abuses which had arisen in the working 
of the briefs, and appropriation of the proceeds. It is the first Act relating to them, although 
they had been so long in operation, and had been indirectly noticed in various ways. They are 
mentioned, for instance, in a Rubric of the Prayer Book of 1G62, and the Journals of the 
House of Commons record that when the civil war broke out precautions were taken against the 
exercise of the royal prerogative being exercised for the supply of the King's wants, or for 
the relief of sufferers in the royal cause. 


be stamped and registered in the Court of Chancery. They were to be 
read openly in the church within two months after their receipt by the 
officiating minister, immediately before the sermon. After this, the 
churchwardens were to collect money upon them in church after their 
reading, or from house to house in the parish as they were directed by 
the order. The account of the money so collected was to be endorsed on 
the brief, which was to be attested by minister and churchwardens under 
a penalty of £20. The number of briefs was to be entered in a book, 
and a register to be kept of such collections.* 

The cost of these collections was very formidable, amounting in some 
cases to more than half the money collected. An instance of this is 
given by Burn relating to a brief for the parish of Revenstondale in 
Westmoreland. 9986 briefs were issued at a charge of £330 16s. 6d., 
and this sum deducted from the amount collected, viz. £614 12s., left 
only £283 16s. Sd. for the use of the Beneficiaries. 

After a time, the charges being burdensome, and from the frequency 
of their issue briefs having become distasteful to congregations, they 
gradually ceased to be issued, and were finally abolished by Act of 
Parliamentf in 1828. Somewhat akin to them, however, was for a time 
continued in the form of Queen's Letters, which were frequently granted 
" to be read in churches " for three societies — the National Society, the 
Church Building Society, and the Society for the Propagation of the 
Gospel in Foreign Parts. 

The full lists of briefs preserved in the Elton register are now given 
as they occur, with notes upon the objects of some which appear to be 
of particular or general interest. 

Collected for Letters of Eequest, Anno D'm'i 1661. 

ffor Rippon Church in Yorkshire £00 10 09 

ffor Oxfordshire 00 16 08 

ffor Hedon in Yorkshire 00 09 08 

ffor Elrnley Castle in "Worcestershire 00 10 06 

ffor the city of Chester 00 10 01 

ffor Bridgnorth in the County of Salop 00 13 06 

ffor the Protestant Churches in Lithuania 00 11 04 

ffor the improvement of ffishing, ffeb. 2 00 11 09 

This was a collection for advancing the trade of fishing. A century 
before, it wanted help, and the mode of rendering it was a very curious 
one. The 1st Elizabeth enacts " that for the increase of the provision of 

* See Burn's " Eccl. Law," vol. i., pp. 181 — 183 ; also Sussex Archaeological Collections, 
vol. xxi., p. 208. 

t 9 George IV., c. 28. 


fish by the more usual and common eating of it, every Wednesday and 
Saturday in the Year, excepting Christmas week and Easter week, shall 
be considered fish days," and every one eating flesh on those days was 
liable to a penalty of three pounds or three months' imprisonment. In 
cases of sickness " one competent dish of flesh and no more " was 
allowed, and this was to be flanked by " three competent usual dishes 
of sea fish of sundry kinds, either fresh or salt." 

That there might be no mistake as to the object of this statute, it was 
stated that it was " purposely intended and meant politickly for the 
increase of fishermen and marines, and the repayring of Port Towns and 
navigation; and whoever by preaching, or teaching, or writing, notified 
that any eating of fish, or forbearing from flesh, is of any necessity for 
the saving of the soul of man, such persons shall be punished as spreaders 
of false news are and ought to be." 

ffor Methringham in Lincolnshire £00 

Anno Domini 1662. 

ffor Market Harborrough in comitat Northampton 00 

ffor the fire at S 1 Martin's in the fields, London 00 

ffor Harwich in Essex, August 2, 1663 00 

ffor Hexam in Northumberland, Aug* 25 00 

ffor Heighington in Lincolnshire 00 

ffor John Ellis of Milton in Comit. Cantabrigia, Octob. 4 00 

ffor Great Grimsby in Lincolnshire 00 

ffor Hanwold in Bedfordshire 00 

ffor Sandwich in Kent, April 3, 1664 00 

ffor Witheham in Sussex, May 1° 00 

ffor Thrapston Bridge, Augt. 4 00 

ffor Basing Church in comit. Southampton, Aug. 28 00 

ffor Henry Lisle of Gisham, Yorkshire, Sep. 15 00 

ffor Limington in comitate Southampton, Octr. 16 00 

ffor Tinmouth in Northumberland, December 4 00 

ffor Edward Christian of Grantham, Jany. 22, 1664 00 

ffor Cromer in the County of Norfolk, ffeb. 16, 1664 00 

ffor Laurence Stolden of Clacton in Essex, Ap. 23, 65 00 

ffor Chester, May 14, 1665 00 

ffor Cockshot in comit. Salop, May 21 00 

ffor Sherifshales in Staffordshire, July 16, three halfpence in 

brasse, the totale sum 00 05 05 

The following entries relate no doubt to that dreadful visitation of 
pestilence, commonly called the Plague, which was raging in London in 
1665, and spread thence through many parts of the country. From the 














06 ob 












08 ob 






























burial entries in Elton, the village appears to have escaped the general 
mortality from this scourge. The increase in the contributions for the 
relief of " visited Persons," both in neighbouring parishes and distant 
localities, shews the sympathy of the inhabitants with those who were 
less fortunate than themselves. 

Aug* 2, 1665. Collected for those that were visited w th in the 

Diocesse of Lincoln and London £01 

Collected September 6 for the sd. visited p'sons 01 

Collected October 4 for the sd. visited persons 02 

(ffor Stockburgh in Lancashire, Octr. 8, 1665) 00 

Collected Novr. 8 for the visited persons 01 

Collected December 6 for the visited f amilyes 01 

Collected Jany. 3 for the said visited p'sons 01 

In the " Historian's Guide," under the date 1665, July 5, it is noted : 
" A general Fast observed in London & Westminster by occasion of the 
Plague raging there ; and the first Wednesday in every month for the 
future till it shall please God to remove that judgment." 

And on September 5 : " Fires continued in London in all the streets, 
etc., three nights and days to purifie the air." 

And in the earlier visitation, we have June 1, 1604 : " One whipped 
through London for going to Court when his house was infected." 

Given upon the fast day July 4, 1666, towards the relief of the poore 
visited people of Oundle 12 strikes of wheat, 40 strikes of barley, 19 strikes of 
mault, 48 cheeses and ^. 

There is extant in Oundle a tabulated account* of those who died 
there of the plague between April 29th and October 31st, 1666, giving the 
names of those who died, and the places where they had lived. It is 
remarkable that almost without exception the mortality occurred in the 
lowest parts of the town, in lanes and alleys where we should expect to 
find the spreading of any infectious disease. In the six months there 
were in all 446 deaths, of which 200 were attributed to the plague, and 
this out of a population of less than 3000. 

This fearful visitation appears to have been more fatal in 1665-6 
than in the previous outbreaks of it in 1603, 1625, and 1636. From the 
London bills of mortality we find that no less than 68,596 persons died 
in 1665, while the returns for the three earlier years shew respectively 
36,570, 35,417, and 10,400 deaths from this cause alone. 

* See Appendix. 


The malady was most fatal during the summer and autumnal 
months, especially in September ; for instance, in London, in 1665, the 
deaths were in June 590, July 4129, August 20,046, September 26,230, 
October 14,373, November 3449. In December they fell to less than 

A few extracts from the Diaries of Evelyn and Pepys will give some 
idea of the calamities and distresses which attended the outbreak of 
this malignant pestilence. 

Evelyn writes : 

September 7, 1G65. " Came home, there perishing neare 10,000 poore 
creatures weekly ; however, I went all along the City and suburbs from Kent 
Street to S c James's, a dismal passage, and dangerous to see so many coffines 
expos'd in the streetes,now thin of people: the shops shut up, and all in mournful 
silence, not knowing whose turn might be next." 

October 11, 1665. " To London and went through the whole City, having 
occasion to alight out of the coach in several places about business of money, 
when I was environ'd with multitudes of poor pestiferous creatures begging alms, 
the shops universally shut up, a dreadful prospect." 

Pepys writes more fully : 

June 7, 1665. " The hottest day that ever I felt in my life. This day, 
much against my will, I did in Drury Lane see two or three houses marked with 
a red cross upon the doors, and ' Lord, have mercy upon us ' writ there ; a sad 
sight, being the first of the kind I ever saw." 

June 21. " I find all the town almost going out of town, the coaches and 
waggons going into the country." 

August 12. " The people die so that now it seems they are fain to carry the 
dead to be buried by daylight, the nights not sufficing to do it in. And my Lord 
Mayor commands people to be within at 9 p.m., all as they say that the sick may 
have liberty to go abroad for aeyre." 

August 22. "I went away and walked to Greenwich, in my way seeing a 
coffin with a dead body therein, dead of the plague, lying in an open close 
belonging to Coome farm, which was carried out last night, and the parish have 
not appointed anybody to bury it ; but only set a watch there that nobody should 
go thither or come thence : this disease making us more cruel to one another than 
we are to dogs." 

August 30. " Lord ! how everybody looks, and discourse in the street is of 
death and nothing else, and few people going up and down, that the town is like 
a place distressed and forsaken." 

September 3, 1665. " Up to the Vestry at the desire of the Justices of the 
Peace in order to do something for the keeping of the Plague from growing ; but 
Lord ! to consider the madness of the people of the Towne who will (because they 

are forbid) come in crowds along with the dead corpses to see them buried 



One was very passionate, methought, of a complaint brought against a man in the 
town for taking a child from London from an infected house. Alderman Hooker told 
us it was the child of a very able citizen in Gracious Street, a saddler, who had 
buried all the rest of his children of the plague, and himself and wife being shut 
up and in despair of escaping, did desire only to save the life of his child, and so 
prevailed to have it received stark naked into the arms of a friend who brought 
it (having put it into new fresh clothes) to Greenwich ; where we did agree it 
should be permitted to be received and kept." 

October 16. " I walked to the Tower ; but, Lord ! how empty the streets 

are and melancholy, so many sick people in the streets full of sores They 

tell me that in Westminster there is never a Physician and but one Apothecary 
left, all being dead, but that there are great hopes of a decrease this week. God 
send it." 

These hopes were realized, for we read : 

October 30. " Great joy we have this week in the weekly Bill, it being come 
to 544 in all, and but 333 of the plague. And my Father writes that he saw 
York's waggon go again to London this week, and full of passengers." 

It should be noted that in many instances the deaths of the victims 
to the Plague were not entered in the registers. This is specially 
mentioned in the burial register of Egglescliff, co. Durham : " 1664. In 
this Year there died of the Plague in this Town 21 people. They are 
buried in the Church Yard and are not in this Register." It may 
perhaps be said that a similar absence of the notice of plague deaths may 
have occurred at Elton, and that we are not to infer from this that the 
village escaped the visitation ; against this we may suggest that while 
the usual number of deaths is entered in 1665, viz., twelve, there is no 
note referring to any unusual mortality, neither is there any tradition in 
the parish of any sickness of the kind. 

The last extract we shall give refers to the earlier visitation, and has 
a local interest as being found at Peterborough : 

1606. Dec. Henry Renoulds was buried the 16 day. [In the margin] 
Henry Renoulds came from London, where he dwelt, sick of the plague, and being 
receyved by William Browne died in his house, the said William soon after fell 
sicke of the plague and died, so did his sonne, his daughter, and his servante ; 
only his mayde and his wyfe escaped with soars. The plague brought by this 
means to Peterborough continued there till September following. 

Collected for the sad Fire at London £10 00 00 

This terrible fire broke out about ten o'clock at night, on the 
2nd September 1666, near Eish Street Hill in the City of London, where 
the commemorative monument now stands. It began in the King's 


Baker's house in Pudding Lane, and burnt down and consumed in four 
days the greatest part of the City, including — 

" That goodly Church S 1 Paule's .... one of the most antient pieces of early 
piety in the Christian world, beside near 100 more .... the lead, yron worke, 
bells, plate, etc., mealted ; the exquisitely wrought Mercers' Chapell, the 
sumptuous Exchange, the august fabrique of Christ Church, all the rest of the 
Companies' Halls, splendid buildings, arches, enteries, all in dust ; the fountaines 
dried up and ruin'd, whilst the very waters remained boiling ; the voragoes of 
subterranean cellars, wells, and dungeons formerly warehouses, still burning in 
stench, and dark clouds of smoke (this was on the 7th), so that in five or six miles 
traversing about I did not see one loade of timber unconsumed, nor many stones 
but what were calcined white as snow. The people who now walked about the 
ruines appear'd like men in some dismal desert, or rather in some greate citty 
laid waste by a cruel enemy ; to which was added the stench that came from some 
poor creatures' bodies, beds and other combustible goods." (Evelyn's Diary.) 

So also Pepys : 

September 5, 1666. " I to the top of Barking Steeple, and there saw the 
saddest sight of desolation that ever I saw ; everywhere great fires, oyle 
cellars and brimstone and other things burning. I met with M r Young and 
"Whistler, and they and I walked into the Town, and find Fenchurch Street, Gracious 
Street, and Lombard Street all in dust. The Exchange a sad sight, nothing 
standing there but Sir Thos. Gresham's picture in the corner. Thence homeward, 
having passed through Cheapside and Newgate Market, all burned." 

ffor Stillingfleet in Yorkshire £00 05 07 

ffor William Pearson of Luton in Bedfordshire 00 04 04 

ffor Thos. Sloper, gent 00 04 01 

Collected for a fire at Cliffe, ffeb. 18, 1665 00 09 03 ob. 

ffor Clun in comitat. Salop, Ap. 1, 1666 00 05 07 

ffor Hartlepool, April 8, 1666 00 04 08 

ffor Loughborough, Jany. 26, 1667 00 09 02 

ffor Cottonend in the Parish of Hardington in the County of 

Northampton, ffeb. 13, 1669 00 08 06 ob. 

ffor George Williams of Hampton in the County of Cambridge, 

Sep. 25, 1670 00 04 07 

Collected for the English Captives under the Turkish Infidels 
according to Letters Patents in that behalfe, sent the 
30 th day of October 1670 the sum of Six Pounds eighteen 

shillings 06 18 00 

The supplication in the Litany for "all prisoners and captives" 
refers to such sufferers as these. At the time when it was written (1544), 
and for many years after, piracy in the Mediterranean, and even in the 


British seas was of common occurrence. Large numbers of persons taken 
prisoners by Algerine pirates were sold as slaves in the markets of Africa. 
By " prisoners " then we understand criminals and state prisoners, by 
" captives " prisoners of war or by pirates.* So awakened was the 
sympathetic feeling of compassion for these miserable captives through- 
out the kingdom, on account of the Turkish cruelty exercised towards 
them, that it was not unusual for the more opulent class in this country 
to make bequests in their wills either for their relief in slavery or for 
their redemption from it.f 

As the result of the collections that were made on this behalf under 
briefs, we have a notification relating to this particular issue, dated 
April 3, 1673 : 

" This day was published a List of 274 persons redeemed from Algiers, Sally, 
etc., by tbe moneys raised in England and Wales by virtue of His Majesty's 
Letters Patent to that purpose, dated Sep. 10, 1670."J 

That the sufferings of these captives excited extraordinary local 
interest is evident from a full list of subscribers which is extant, 
and which we here give in full, as it also affords a catalogue of the 
inhabitants of Elton at the time, for it was evidently a house to house 

A catalogue of the Inhabitants of Aylton alias Allington alias Elton in the 
County of Huntingdon who contributed towards the Redemption of the English 
distressed captives fro' the slaivry and bondage of the Turkish Infidels, made 
upon the 30 tl1 day of October, Anno Dm'n' 1670. 

S r Tho. Proby £02 

M'Ball 01 

M rs Cooper, Wid 00 

M M Bishopp 00 

M 1S Gladding, Wid 00 

M r Blewitt 00 

M r Bendish 00 

M r Sudger 00 

M r Wells 00 

John Henson, Ser., agric 00 

John Henson, Jun r , agric 00 

John Bishopp, agric ... 00 

Samuel Bishopp, agric. . . 00 

* See Evan Daniel on the Prayer Book. 

f Sussex Archaeological Collections, vol. xxi., p. 212. 

t " Historians' Guide," pub. 1688, p. 89. 








W ra Moyser, agric 






Henry Kingston, agric 






W m Robinson, agric ... 






John Darvett, agric ... 






Bichd. Kingston, agric 






Robt. Henson, agric ... 






William ffitzjohn, Ag.... 






Rob 1 Fitzion, agric 






Henry Plowright, agric 






W ra Henson, agric 






Robt. Tompson, agric ... 






W m Tompson, agric ... 






Tho. Parker, agric 

Robt. Towner, agric 

W m Hanlyn, agric 

Robert Sherman, Sen., A. ... 
Robt. Sherman, Jun., agric 

John Southgate, agric 

John Selby, agr 

Edward Goodwin, agr 

Tho. Cooke, Sen 1 ', Carpenter 
Tho. Cooke, Jun., Carpenter 

Robt. Frere, carpenter 

Richd. Hamlyn, carpenter ... 
Henry Kingston, carpenter 

Robt. Broughton, fullo 

David Edis, Senr., fullo 

David Edis, Junr., fullo 

Robt. Broughton, Jr., fullo 

Thomas Drawater, fullo 

John Edis, fullo 

Nicolas Edis, Textor 

John Edis, Senr., Textor ... 
John Edis, Junr., Textor ... 

John Goodwin, Textor 

John Parrish , Textor 

Thos. Parrish, Textor 

W m Edis, Textor 

Tho. Miller, Textor 

W m Edis, Butcher 

"W m Dexter, Butcher 

Daniel Barden, Butcher 

W m Kingston, Butcher 

Rich d Noble, Chandl r 

Richd. Lea, Blacksmith 

Will m Edis, Blacksmith 

Tho. Kingston, Baker 

Anthony Kingston, Baker... 

Matt. Wakelyn, Shep 

Tho. Tompson, Shepherd ... 

John Tompson, Shep 

Robt. Cooke, Shep 

Henry Cooke, Shep 

Richd. Burten, Shep 

W m Tompson, Shep 

Daniel Nicholl, Miller 

Nicholas Limm, Tayler 

























































































00 04 

Travers Limm, Tayler 00 00 

Peter Morton, Tayler 00 04 

W m Cooke, Taylr ... 00 04 

Tho. Austen, Taylr 00 03 

Tho. Robinson, Senr 00 04 

Tho. Robinson, Junr 00 04 

Tho. Patmore, fellmong 00 01 

John Henson, fellmong 1 ' 00 03 

W m Morton, Mason 00 03 

Rob 1 Henson, fellmong r 00 00 

Tho. Lincoln, Mason 00 04 

George Mayle 00 02 

Tho. Lincoln, collermaker ... 00 01 

Tho. Harrison, Glover 00 04 

Henry Bishopp, Cordw r 00 00 

Tho. Kingston, Cord w r 00 04 

Jo. Tavvy, Cordwayn r 00 03 

Edw. Plowright, Cordw r 00 02 

Gregory Hughes, Cordw 1 ' ... 00 01 

Tho. Lupin, Labour 00 01 

W m Hill, Labour 1 00 00 

John Berridge, Lab 00 04 

Tho. Gray, Lab 00 02 

John Willson, Lab 00 02 

Henry Henson, Lab 00 02 

Tho. Henson, Lab 00 01 

John Phillips, Lab 00 02 

Geo. Sherman. Lab 00 02 

Tho. Winsett, Lab 00 02 

John Dally, Lab 00 04 

Richd. Lowe, Lab 00 04 

Edw. Ingram, Lab 00 03 

W m Snow All Weathers 00 02 

John Addye, La 01 00 

Robt. Goodwin, Lab 00 02 

Rowland Sansome, Lab 00 02 

John Turner, Lab 00 06 

John Goodwin, Lab 00 02 

John Sansome, Lab 00 02 

Tho. Tompson, Lab 00 02 

Tho. Thurlby, Lab 00 02 

W m Redbourn, Lab 00 02 

Jer. Miller, Lab 00 00 

Jo. Plowright, Servt 01 00 

Jo' Selby, Sevt 00 06 




Joseph Southgate, Schoolboy 




Francis Wells, Schoolboy ... 







Mary Coles, Servant 




Hannah Wells, Servant 




Catherine Rosse, Servant ... 




Sarah Hyde, Servant 




Sarah Walker, Servt 




Elizabeth Willson, Servt. ... 




Marjery Hollis, Servt 







Anne Love, Spinster 




Mary Peake, Spinster 




Elizabeth Peake, Spinster ... 




Sumtotall £06 




John Weatherall, Servant ... 00 

Nich. Ouldham, Servt 00 

Philip Henson, Servt 00 

Eobt. Newburn, Servt 00 

Willm. Drawater, Sevt 00 

Joseph Hastings, Servt 00 

John Henson, Servt 00 

Edwd. Plowright, Servt. ... 00 

Tho. Sansome, Servt 00 

John Adams, Servt 00 

Anthony Pratt, Servt 00 

John Mayhew, Servt 00 

Tho. Marryott, Servt 00 

Myles Marryott, Servt 00 

Henry Kingsley, Servt 00 

Tho. Smith, Servt 00 

Tho. Tompson, Servt 00 

This catalogue contains a list of all the adult parishioners of Elton 
at the time when this collection was made, as appears from the insertion 
of several names of persons of whom it is recorded that their contribution 
was 00. 

Of the families named but few are now resident in the parish — 
Proby, Edis, Cooke, Freere, and Goodwin alone remain. A few tomb- 
stones recall others, as Ball, Plowright, Drawater, Selby, Dexter, and 

The classification is noteworthy, also the Latin form of some of the 
callings mentioned, Textor (weaver) among others. Wm. Snow, " all 
weathers," was probably distinguished by a nickname, either a play upon 
the surname " Snow," or a name originating in personal peculiarities or 
characteristics, as is the case with so many existing surnames. 

Eor Richd. Burton of Tansley in the County of Darby, lead 

merchant, Dec. 4, 1670 £00 

Collected for Beckles in Suffolk, f eb. 12, 1670, whereof is 6 d brasse 00 

Collected for Meen in Wiltshire, May 7,1671 00 

Collected for Oxford, September 17, 1671 00 

April 25, 1671. This night happened a violent fire in the city of Oxford in 
a street called Grand Pool, which consumed in a few hours above forty dwelling 









Collected for Great Eord in Lincolnshire, Octr. 8, 1671 £00 06 

Collected for the English Captives under the Hungarians, 

Novr. 12, 1671 00 05 

07 ob. 



Collected for Wellin in Hertfordshire, March 3, 1671 £00 06 05 

Collected for "Waltham in Essex, March 31 00 06 01 ob. 

Collected for Ligware hamlet in Luton Parish, April 21, 72 00 07 04 

Collected June 9, 1672, for the fire in Coldharbour in the Parish 

of All Hallowes, London 00 08 00 

Collected June 16, 1672, for Bythorn 00 08 10 

Collected for Toweester, September 1, 1672 00 07 04 ob. 

ffor Hoxton in Middlesex, Sep. 8, 1672 00 06 00 

Collected for G-lapthorne fire, feb. 9 & 10 th 00 04 00 ob. 

ffor S. Katherine's, London, April 6, 1673 00 11 07 

Collected for S. Martyn's, London, May 4, 73 00 06 07 

For Fordingbridge, June 22, 1673, collected 00 07 06 

ffor Little Livermore in Suffolk, July 27, 1673 00 04 01 

For Little Haddon in Hartf ordshire, Dec. 28, 1673 00 04 10 

For S. Margaret's at Cliff in Kent, feb. 8, 1673 00 05 08 ob. 

For Edwd. Singar of Littleton in Middlesex, June 12, 1674 00 06 01 

For Watton in Norfolk, Aprill 25, 1675 00 09 05 

For Eedbourne in Hartf ordshire, May 30, 1675 00 07 11 ob. 

For Fotheringhay, July 15, 1674* 04 06 11 

For Sutton, Nov. 15, 1675 00 16 09 

For Northampton, besides £10 sent by Sir Thos. Proby, Nov. 17 

last, collected more* 10 06 11 

" Sep. 13, 1675. The whole town of Northampton very near burnt down to 
the ground by an accidental fire."f 

For Newent Church in Gloucestershire, Ap. 23, 1676 00 03 04| 

For Eton near Windsor in Buckinghamshire, March 11, 76 00 07 05f 

For Cottenham in Cambridgeshire, Aprill 29, 1677 00 11 07 

For Southwarke, Sep. 10, 1677 01 15 02£ 

For Wenn in Shropshire, Sep. 1, 1678 00 13 04 

For Pattingham in Staffordshire, Nov. 3, 1678 00 08 00^ 

For S. Paul's, London, Sep. 4, 1679 02 13 09 

For Horsham S. Faith's in Norfolk, Sep, 28, 1679 00 05 09£ 

For Lurgishall in Wiltshire, Sep. 6, 1680 03 05 06 

For East Dereham in Norfolk, Octr. 11, 1680 01 04 05^ 

For Duxford in Cambridgeshire, June 12, 1681 00 08 06 

For training up Min rs for the Protestant Churches in the Lower 

Poland, Novr. 13, 1681 00 18 04 

For relief of the French persecuted Protestants, Deer. 11, 1681 07 13 06 

By the Edict of Nantes the Huguenots were suffered to worship God 

according to their own ritual, and to hold certain offices and commands. 

Louis XIV., who detested these colonists, gradually retrenched their 

* Note that the contributions increase largely for home objects. 
f " Historians' Guide." 


privileges. He interfered with their family arrangements, confiscated 
their property, and on frivolous pretexts shut up Protestant churches. 
At length, yielding to the persistent persuasion of his bigoted followers, 
he took the final step of revoking the Edict of Nantes in 1685, and 
numerous decrees against the sectaries appeared in rapid succession. 
Boys and girls were torn from their parents, and sent to be educated in 
convents. All Calvinistic ministers were commanded either to abjure 
their religion, or to quit their country within a fortnight. It is calculated 
that in a few months 50,000 families quitted France for ever. Nor were 
the refugees such as a country can well spare. They were generally 
persons of intelligent minds, of industrious habits, and of austere morals. 
Some erected silk manufactories in the eastern suburb of London. One 
detachment of emigrants taught the Saxons to make the stuffs and hats 
of which France had hitherto enjoyed a monopoly. Another planted the 
first vines in the neighbourhood of the Cape of Good Hoi^e.* 
Corresponding with this is the account of Evelyn : 

1685, November 3. " The French persecution of the Protestants, raging with 
the utmost barbarity, exceeded even what the very heathen us'd : innumerable 
persons of the greatest birth and riches leaving all their earthly substance, and 
hardly escaping with their lives, dispers'd through all the countries of Europe. 
The French tyrant abrogated the Edict of Nantes which had been made in favour 
of them, and without any cause on a suddaine demolishing all their churches, 
banishing, imprisoning, and sending to the galleys all their ministers, plundering 
the common people, and exposing them to all sorts of barborous usage by 
souldiers sent to ruine and prey on them, taking away their children, forcing 
people to the Masse, and then executing them as relapsers ; they burned their 
Libraries, pillaged their goods, eate up their fields and substance, banish'd or 
sent the people to the gallies, and seiz'd on their estates .... The famous 
Claude fled to Holland, Allix and several more came to London, and persons of 
great estate came over who had forsaken all. France was almost dispeopled, 
the bankers so broken that the Tyrant's revenue was exceedingly diminished, 
manufacture ceas'd, and everybody there, save Jesuits, abhorr'd what was done, 
nor did the Papists themselves approve it." 

Great sympathy was shewn throughout the kingdom, and large 
collections were repeatedly made for the relief of these persecuted 
refugees, of whom it is computed that at least 50,000 found an asylum 
in England during the reign of James II. It was probably towards 
their maintenance on their first arrival, and continued for several years 
following, that these contributions were so generally given. " Perhaps," 

* Macaulay's " History of England." 


says Macaulay, " none of the munificent subscriptions of our age have 
borne so great a proportion to the means of the nation." 

The King was only half-hearted in their cause, but was compelled to 
countenance their relief, and on 19 October 1681, before the storm 
had burst in its full fury, we find the French Churches in London 
returning thanks for his declaration in favour of the French 
Protestants — the result of which was the issue of the first brief in their 
aid, the proceeds of which were largely exceeded in subsequent collections, 
when the emigration became general, and the necessities of the emigrants 

For East Badley in Devonshire, Feb. 12, 1681 £0 5 10 

For the Towne of Stafford in Staffordshir., March 5, 1681 7 1 

Towards repairing S t Alban's Church, May 24, 1682 15 

For Anthony Bury of Hansworth in Yorksh., May 28, 1682 5 0£ 

For a great fire at Castor in Lincolnshire, July 16, 1682 10 2£ 

For a fire at Bishton in ye Parish of Colwich in Staffordshire, Sep. 3, 

1682 5 6£ 

For a fire under Dyers' Hall, London, Oct. 29, 1682 5 Hi 

For a fire at New Windsor, Feb. 18, 1682 7 0£ 

For a fire at Brydone in the County of Badnor, March 11, 82 6 1| 

For a fire at Colompton in the County of Devon, Augt. 12, 83 10 

For a fire at "Wapping the week after Sep. 16 2 11 

Novr. 2, 1682. A great fire broke out at "Wapping in Cinnamon Lane, and 
consumed many hundreds of houses. 

For a fire at Newmarket the week after Novr. 4, 83 £1 8 6 

Evelyn says, under the date 23 September 1683: "There was this 
day a collection for rebuilding Newmarket, consumed by an accidental 
fire, which removing his Majesty thence sooner than was intended, put 
by the assassinates who were disappointed of their rendezvous and 
expectation by a wonderful providence. This made the King more 
earnest to render Winchester the seate of his autumnal diversions for 
the future, infinitely indeed preferable to Newmarket for prospects, air, 
pleasure, and provisions." 


For a fire in Channel Bow in "Westminster, Aug. 24, 1684 £0 7 3 

For a fire at "Worsop in Nottinghamshire, Octr. 19, 1684 8 5^ 

For a fire at Sutton in Caster Parish, Northamptonsh., March 1, 1684 11 5i 

For S l Mary's in the city of Ely, April 5, 1685 7 2£ 

For Staunerton in North'tonshire, May 3, 1685 7 5| 

For Alrewas in Staffordshire, May 17, 1685 7 1* 



' J 4 














For Saresdonin Oxfordshire, May 31, 16S5 £0 

For Cawston in Norfolk, June 21, 1685 

For Beamister in Dorsetshire, Octr. 4, 1685 

For Bulford in Wilts, Octr. 25, 1685 

For Haxby in the north Riding of Yorkshire, Novr. 8, 1685 

For Alf riston in Sussex, Dec. 13, 1685 

For Market Deeping in Lincolnshire, Jan. 24, 1685 

For Kirksanton in Cumberland damaged by water and sand, March 21, 

1685 6 5 

For Eynesbury Steeple and for the Church being fallen, May 9, 

1886 6 2 

For the French Protestants in June and July, 1686 20 6 9i 

This is the largest collection recorded. Referring to the brief 
authorizing it, Evelyn writes : " It had been long expected, and at last 
was with difficulty procured to be published, the interest of the French 
Ambassador obstructing it." 

With reference to this we are told by Lord Macaulay : " The 
promised collection was long put off under various pretexts. The King 
would gladly have broken his word, but it was pledged so solemnly that 
he could not for very shame retract. Nothing, however, which coula 
cool the zeal of congregations was omitted. It had been expected that, 
according to the practice usual on such occasions, the people would be 
exhorted to liberality from the pulpits. But .... the Archbishop was 
commanded to inform the Clergy that they must merely read the brief, 
and must not presume to preach on the sufferings of the French 
Protestants. Nevertheless, the contributions were so large that, after all 
deductions, the sum of forty thousand pounds was paid into the Chamber 
of London." 

For Hereford, loss by fire 2200 1 , Augt. 1, 1686 £0 5 2£ 

For Starton in Suffolk, loss by fire 1118 1 , Sep. 12, 1686 4 11 a 

For Whitechapel and Stepney, loss by fire £8939, March 16, 17, 18, 

1686 8 18 11 

For the French Protestants, the Brief was read April 15, 1688, 

collected April 17, etc 12 6 

This was evidently a house to house collection, and the result of 
a second order by the King in Council, made April 4, 1687, a former 
order having been ineffectual. 

For a fire at Buugay in Suffolk, collected Sep. 19, 1689 £1 5 

For a fire at Abresford, Southampton, Feb. 12, 1689 17 1 


The remaining entries in the Register Book are made in another 
and very bold distinct handwriting, headed — 

Collected on Briefs. 

For a fire at "Woollew in Northumberland, 1694 £0 6 

For a fire at Yalding in Kent, 1694, Dec. 9 2 10 

For a fire at G-illingham, Feb. 16, 1695 5 1 

For a fire by Lightning 

For a fire at Broughton, Hampshire, March 29, 1696 3 9 

For Derby Court in Westminster, Feb. 26, 1698 4 3 

For Minehead in Somersetshire, March 2, 1698 4 

For Soham in Cambridgeshire, 1698, March 12 3 8 

For Wolverhampton in Staffordshire, 1697* 5 3 

For West Halton Church in Lincolnshire, 1697 4 4 

For a fire at Litchfield, Dec. 26, 1697 5 8 

For a fire at Neubury, March 29, 1699 4 7 

For a fire in Drury Lane,f London, April 23, 99 5 4 

For y e Bedemption of y e slaves at Maehanes, Jun. 1700 15 6 

For Nassington, Letter of Bequest for fire, Aug. 700 7 11 

For S. Mary Magdalen in Bermondsey in Surry, Oct. 700 6 10 

For a fire at Brampton in Hunting 1 , Jan. 700 15 2 

For Beccles in Suffolk, Apr. 701 5 7 

For Broughton in Northamptonshr., Sep tr. 701 7 6 

For Eccleshall in Staff ordshr., Octr. 701 5 2£ 

For Leominster Church in Heref ordshr., Novr. 701 5 10 

For Chester Cathedral, December 8, 701 2 5 

For Bromley Church in Staffordshr., Mar. 701 2 8 

For Old Weston in Huntshr., April 6, 702 15 16 7 

Here is the farm which forms part of the Elton Charity land, and 
here, as appears from Sir Thomas Proby's Account Book, the Squire of 
Elton possessed considerable property ; these circumstances, added 
probably to personal knowledge of the facts of the case, would account 
for the largely increased response to the brief, which is in striking 
contrast to other contemporary collections. 

For a fire at y e citty of Ely, Octr. 702 £0 5 2 

For Haddenham in the County of Bucks, 702 2 10 

For Blaisdon in Gloucestersh r , 702 16 

For S. German's Church in Yorksh r , 702 14 

For Eye Church in Sussex, 702 10 

* It appears that some of these entries have been made from a collection of the original 
briefs, some of which had probably been misplaced, 
t This was called " The Theatre Brief." 


This was for the reparation of the grand old church there,* an 
object, however, which did not enlist the sympathies of the good people 
of Elton. 

For Holme fire in Huntsh 1 ' 702f £4 16 

For Monks Kerby Church in Warwickshr., 702 2 11 

For Lutterworth Church in Leicestershr., March 24, 1702 2 

For a fire at Shuttsford in Oxfordshire, 1702 10 

For a fire at Koheston in Staffordshire, 1702 10 

Chepstow Church in Monmouth, 1702 10 

Wye Church in Kent, 1702 10 

Congleton Briefe in the County of Chester, 1702 10 

For a fire at Tuxford in Nottinghamshire, 1703 3 11 

Parington briefe in the County of Berks, 1703 3 

Fordingbridge fire in comit' Southampton, 1703 5 8 

Wrottesley fire in Staffordshire, 1703 3 

S 4 Giles's Church in Shrewsbury, 1703 10 

For a fire att Brompton in Shropshire, 1704 4 

For a fire att S* Giles's Parish in London, Mar. 2, 1704 2 6 

For the French Protestants of Orange, 1704, May 7 1 6 

For a fire att Wapping in Middlesex, 1704 5 6 

For a fire att Huntingdon by Letter of Bequest, 1704 2 10 

For y e widdows & orphans of y ose y* p'ished in y e grt. storme, 1704 ... 3 

In this memorable storm, in which ten ships of war were lost and 
the Edd} T stone Lighthouse destroyed, the low lands of Somersetshire on 
the shores of the Bristol Channel were deluged by the breaking of the 
banks and the irruption of the sea. A singular record of this disastrous 
tempest (which happened in November 1703, the brief being acted upon 
early in the following year) is preserved to this day by the bequest of a 
person named Taylor, who, having probably experienced some providential 
escape, left a small sum of money to be paid for a sermon to be preached 
every year on the subject of the storm, at the Baptist Chapel in Little 
Wyld Street in London. The minister has a guinea, the clerk ten 
shillings, and the two pew-openers five shillings each. The sermon is 
preached on the Sunday nearest to the 26th and 27th of November. It 
was in this storm that Bishop Kidder, of Bath and Wells, was killed, with 
his wife, in his bed at the Palace at Wells, by the falling through the 
roof of a stack of chimneys. This prelate is of local interest, having 
been a Fellow of Emmanuel College, and sometime Incumbent of 
Stanground with Farcet. 

* Sussex Archaeological Collections, vol. xxi., p. 211. 

t Another conspicuous proof of local interest in the case of neighbours. 


For a fire att Great Massingham in Norfolk, 1704 £0 2 

For Church Minshall Briefs, 1704 2 

For a fire att South Molton (y e 27 th of Novr. 1703) in Devonshire, 

1705 5 

For a fire at Kirton in Lindsey, Lincolnshire, 1705 6 11^ 

For All Saints' Church in Oxford, 1705 2 

For a fire att Somersham, Hunt., by Letter, etc., 1705 17 6 

For Beverley Church in Yorkshire, Apr. 28, 1706 9 

For a fire att Inniskilling in Ireland, May 1706 9 

For a fire at Bradmore in Nottinghamsh., May 19, 1706 7 6^ 

Richard Davies, Fire in Surrey, June 9, 1706 1 4 

For a fire att Great Tovington in Devon, 1706 16 

For Basford Church in Nottinghamsh., 1706 12 

For a Fire att Chatteris in y e Isle of Ely, Sep. 8, 1706 4 1 

For a fire in Morgan Lane, Southwark, Oct. 6, 1706 2 

Here ends the list in one register book. In the next there is a new 
system of entry, headed — 

The Register of y e Breifs, y e occasion of 'em, y e monies 
collected upon 'em & y e time when collected from y e 13 of 
April 1707. 

Upon y e breif for y e rebuilding of Darlington Church was collected y e 27 of April 

1707 y e sum of four shillings and seven pence. 
Upon y e breif for a fire in Northmaston was collected y e 4 th of May 1707 y e sum 

of four shillings and sixpence. 
Upon y e brief e for a fire in shire lane was collected y e 18 th May 1707 y e sum of 

four shillings and seven pence. 
Upon y e breif for y e rebuilding Brosely Church was collected y e 25 th of May 

1707 y e sum of one shilling and elevenpence. 
Upon y e breif for a fire at Towcester was collected y e 15 th of June 1707 y* sum 

of five shillings and nine pence. 
Upon y e breif for a fire at Spilsby was collected y e 29 th June 1707 y e sum of four 

shillings and one penny. 
Upon y e breif for Littleport was collected y e 26 th of June y e sum of seven shillings 

and ten pence. 
Upon y e breif for a fire at Southam was collected y e 2G th of October y c sum of six 

Upon y e breif for y e repair of Dursley Church was collected y e 3 rd of November 

y e sum of two shillings and fourpence. 
Upon y e breif for y e repair of Orford Church was collected y e 30 th Novr. the sum 

of three shillings. 
Upon y e breif for a fire at Heavitree was collected y e 14 th of Deer, the sum of 

two shillings and eight pence. 


Upon y e breif for a fire in Charles Street, "Westminster, was collected y e eighth of 

Febr. y e sum of two shillings and seven pence. 
Upon y e breif for a fire at S 1 Paul's, Shadwell, Middlesex, was collected y e 15 th of 

Febr. two shillings nine pence halfe penny. 
Upon y e breif for a fire at Lisburne in Ireland was collected y e 9 th of May 1708 

y e sum of nine shillings and ten pence. 
Upon y e breif for a fire at Wincanton was collected y e 23 rd of May 1708 y e sum 

of four shillings and two pence. 
Upon y e breif for a fire at Great Yarmouth was collected y e 6 th of June 1708 y e 

sum of two shillings and three pence. 
Upon y e breif for a fire at Bewdley was collected y e 20 th of June 1708 y e sum of 

five shillings and eight pence. 
Upon y e breif for a fire at Edinburgh y e 31 of October 1708 was collected y e sum 

of four shillings and eight pence halfpenny. 
Upon y e breif for y e repair of Brenchley Church was collected y e 21 Nov. 1708 y e 

sum of two shillings and three pence. 
Upon y e breif for a fire in y e Strand at London was collected y e 12 th of Deer. 

1708 y e sum of four shillings and eight pence. 
Upon y e brief for y e rebuilding of Upper Darwent Chappel in Comit. Lancaster 

was collected upon the 8 of Dec. 1723 y e sum of 

This last entry is the only one in a handwriting which differs from 
all others. It will be observed that the amount collected is not entered, 
and that there is a long gap between the former entry in 1708 and this 
in 1723. 

Upon y e brief for rebuilding Great Bowlas Church in Com. Salop, 

July 25, 1725 £00 02 08 

Upon ditto for fire at East Morden in comit. Dorset, Aug. 1 2 02^- 

Upon ditto for rebuilding Langton Church in com. Lincoln, 8 3 08 

Ditto for fire at Crediton & Kirk Deighton in com. Devon & 

York,22 2 08 

Ditto for fire at Camps Hall & Downton in com. Cam. & Wilts, 

Sep. 19 2 04 

Upon ditto for fire at Market Lavington in com. "Wilts, collected 

from house to house Sep. 28, 1725, by the Churchwardens... 3 07 

Upon ditto for fire at Great Torrington in com. Devon, collected 

from house to house Octr. y e 30 th Inclusive 15 09 

Upon ditto for rebuilding Bampton Church in Com. Westmoreland, 

Octr. 31, 1725 09 

Upon ditto for rebuilding Waresley Church in Com. Huntingdon, 

November the 7 th , 1725 1 06 

Upon ditto for rebuilding Ormeskirk Church in Com. Lancaster, 

November 21 8t , 1725 06 


Upon ditto for rebuilding Darlastone Church in Com. Stafford, 

collected on Sunday Dec. 26, 1725 £00 1 10 

Upon ditto for Folkestone fishery com. Kent, May y e 1 st , 1726 ... 3 06| 

Upon y e brief for the loss at the Toun of Buckingham by fire 
amounting to £19,141 and upwards, collected from house 
to house June 14 th and 17 th , 1726 1 05 11 

One more isolated record concludes this extensive list of authorized 
collections, and with it this interesting register ends : 

Elton Eegister of Briefs, Anno 1726. 

Upon a brief for rebuilding S 1 Nicholas Church in the City of "Worcester, 

collected from house to house June y e 1 st seven shillings and four pence. 
Upon ditto for Allbrighton Church, com. Salop, collected in Church July 17 th 

one shilling and ten pence. 
Upon ditto for loss by fire at Alderford & Great Horwood, com. Norfolk and 

Bucks, amounting to £1070 and upwards, was collected in Church July 

the 31 st three shillings and sevenpence farthing. 

This long list, monotonous to transcribe and probably tiresome to 
peruse, is nevertheless an essential part of the history of Elton ; moreover, 
it is much more full and continuous than is often found, and the 
continuity would have been broken had any part of it been omitted. 

There only remain the Parish and Churchwardens' Account Books, 
and these unfortunately are only of comparatively recent date, and 
contain very little of particular interest. 

Of the former, the earliest book dates from 1760, and gives the 
names of the several occupiers with the amount of their respective 
assessments, together with the items of the overseers' expenditure. At 
that date the annual charges levied for rates appear to have varied from 
ninepence to one shilling in the pound. Mr. William Dexter and John 
Peake were the overseers ; Mr. Gaskell the acting Justice by whom the 
rate was " allowed," and John Foreman, Henry Martin, and Rich d 
Handson, the signatories when the books were audited. In 1762 the 
Justices who " perused and allowed the accounts " were Lord Carysfort 
and O. Jackson. 


The following: entries somewhat arrest our attention : 

l b 

Militiaman £2 12 6 

Pd. y e barber for bleeding Chapman 1 

P d Sue Goodings & sue fowler for siting up and laying out for 

Chapman 5 6 

W m Eowlatt for burying 2 people 4 

1771 To M r Selby for Inoculation 19 9 

1773 Old Piggin 3 3 

1775 Tho. Morton shaveing Fitzjohn 1 

P d Mary Taylor for Schooling Eliz. Kinggo 7 weeks 5 4 

P d Mary Noble for doctering Blackwell's face 2 6 

Tho. Morton for shaveing Chatborne 3 

1777 For an old waistcoat for Page 1 6 

1791 To Jno. Afford for an Ass 12 

Hannah Dunkley a present from the Town 2 2 

1793 P d Jas. Middleton's order for the Militia 4 4 

P d Jas. Earl's order for the Militia 2 2 

P d Joseph Holt for shaving "Wil m Spencer from Lady Hay to 

Michs., and Cutting Clark's hair 1 8 

1795 P d for bleeding Mary Culpin 6 

1797 P d to the Man for the Army 26 10 

Edwd. Hildich's order for the Militia 7 7 

Eichd. Hayes order for the Militia 7 7 

P d to the Postman for bringing parcels from Oundle for half 

a year 2 

Augt. 15, 1803 Paid for two substitutes for Henry G-ascoine and 

John Tebbutt for the Supplementary Militia 54 12 

Paid the expences 15 6 

The Army of Eeserve Account. 

Paid for a Substitute for W m Norman 31 10 

Paid to "White for procureing the above man 1 11 6 

Paid for a Substitute for Charles Brice 36 15 

Paid to White for procureing the above man 1 1 

Paid to the recruit and to "White to drink his Majesty's health 3 

Paid to a Substitute for Thomas right 32 19 3 

Eeceived of 41 Subscribers for the army of reserve at £1 I s d each... 43 1 

Eecd. of Charles Brice 16 

Eec d of 52 subscribers at 10 9 6 d each 27 6 

Eec d of John Tebbutt 1 11 6 

Eec d of Henry Gascoine 1 11 6 


There was evidently a combination set on foot in Elton to provide 
a fund for the payment of substitutes for those who were " drawn " for 
the Militia ; Gascoine and Tebbutt appear to have been the first upon 
whom the lot fell — afterwards Norman, Brice, and Wright were the 
unlucky ones. In each case a substitute was provided. 

It was now that Napoleon Buonaparte had (in 1802) been declared 
Consul for life, and after a lull war again broke out, and the declaration 
was followed by a decree for the arrest of all English travelling in France 
between the ages of sixteen and sixty ; the consequence of this was that 
some 10,000 persons were arrested and thrown into prison, where they 
remained for about eleven years. In 1804 Buonaparte assumed the title 
of Emperor of France, and England had to strain every nerve to oppose 
his aggressions. The animosity which pervaded all classes thoroughly 
roused the country, hence the readiness with which steps were everywhere 
taken to comply with the requirements of the Government. 

1804 P a to the overseers of Stilton part of the Bounty allowed to a 
man balloted for the Supplementary Militia, we having 
a certain number of names classed with their Parish £1 13 4 

1804, July 21 st P d to the wives and families of the Volunteers the 
time they was embodied at Huntingdon, exclusive of the 
County allowance 3 8 

P d to W m Johnson's wife and family substitute for G. Ebbutt from 
5 Dec. 1803 to 2 nd April 1804, being 17 weeks' pay at 
4*. per week 3 8 

1804, Deer. 1 The Parish of Elton being liable to find one man and 
a quarter according to the Act passed for reducing the 
Militia and augmenting the Regular Forces. But not 
finding a man the parish was forfeited £25 every twenty 
names liable to find one man 25 

Pd. the expenses of one Edwd. Childs, a traveller, who was taken ill 

and died at Elton after being ill six weeks 3 16 9 

1806 Paid the Constables expences attending upon Clarkson the 
time he was kept in hold at the Black Horse, and taking 
him to Huntingdon upon suspicion of having committed 
a robbery 3 2 6 

Paid 2 years' composition to Peterborough Bridge Bar for 1807 

and 1808 2 

1808 P d the expences attending C. Yentes the time when she lay 

ill, and laying out and sitting up 2 nights 

Paid for what C. Ventes had during her illness 

Clergman's fees at Elton 6s. 8d., under bearers 4s 

Beer and bread and cheese 3s., Clerk's expences 2s. 8d 









1808 Paid the expence of Elizabeth Deer's boy going down to 

Friestone £0 10 

Paid for 7 weeks' board and lodging for the boy, at 9 s G d p r 

week 3 

Paid for his Bathing 30 times at 4 d each time 10 

1808 M r Kettle's Bill for one year's attendance and medicines for 

the poor 13 13 

D° for Inoculation of 151 persons at 2s. (5d. each as p r 

agreement 18 17 6 

1810, Sep. 8 th A journey to Huntingdon to receive the money that 
was paid to the wives & families of the men serving in 

the Local Militia 10 6 

1812 Taking down the number of inhabitants and journeying to 

Stilton with the same 17 6 

( 123 ) 



No Church wardens' Accounts are extant before 1784, but from that 
date they have been neatly and carefully preserved. The usual church 
rate appears to have varied from l$d. to 4<d. in the pound, and at 
that time a rate of a penny produced £11 6s. 8d. The money raised 
by this rate was expended upon certain recurring charges, such as 
bell ropes, which were continually renewed, reeds for the church and 
singers' gallery, visitation fees, beer money for the ringers upon the 
great festivals and royal birthdays, and certain minor necessaries. 
Occasionally the charges appear comparatively heavy ; for instance, 
May 8, 1815, " Wine and bread for 4 Sacraments £1 18s. &Z." 

In 1868, when the abolition of church rates was expected, it was agreed 
that the usual rate should not be assessed until the question was settled. 
In the following year the necessary expenses were estimated at £42, and 
a voluntary rate was agreed to and collected, which produced about that 
sum. A similar plan was adopted, and with success, until 1884, when only 
about ten parishioners subscribed to the fund. Subsequently these 
subscriptions were supplemented by offertories collected at each service, 
a plan which has worked well, and appears to have given general 

The Chapel. 

There is a Wesleyan Chapel, a large square building occupying 
a very prominent position in the centre of the village, and bearing the 
inscription, " Re-erected 1864." This appears to have taken the place 
of a smaller structure which stood back from Chapel Lane, and in 
addition to the original site to have enclosed the ground formerly 
occupied by a corner cottage, the property of John Franklin. Adjoining 
it is a neat house for the caretaker, also a room for a Sunday School. 


Elton has a resident Wesleyan minister, who is assisted by local 
preachers, a considerable proportion of the inhabitants being of the 
Wesleyan persuasion. The whole district indeed around Peterborough is 
largely occupied by Nonconformists, many of whom may probably be 
descendants of Cromwell's disbanded soldiers, who, on the dispersion of 
his army after the Restoration, would naturally settle near the homes 
from which they were originally drawn. In the time of Faber, that 
is about half a century ago, we are told* that " about half the population 
of the parish were .... dissenters," and in that respect there has since 
been but little change. 


In February 1872 the daily papers recorded the death of an Elton man, 
John Mears, the favourite groom of the great Duke of Wellington. His 
portrait is preserved in the picture, " The Last Return from Duty," 
where he is represented as riding immediately behind his master. He 
led the Duke's horse at the funeral in St. Paul's Cathedral, the most 
touching feature in the whole procession. He was buried at Strathfieldsaye. 

October 6, 1890, there was buried James Hayes, who died at 
Warmington at the venerable age of ninety-two. He was born at Elton, 
where he was baptized on Christmas Day 1799. He was the inventor and 
patentee of the straw elevator now in general use, and for many years the 
name of " James Hayes, Overend, Elton," which appeared on these 
machines, was known far and wide as that of the originator of one of 
those labour-saving implements that are now in common use in all 
corn-growing districts. 

By permission of the Messrs. Hayes we are enabled to reproduce 
plates of the straw separator and elevator, both of which were invented 
by their father. The former is a reproduction by calotype of the original 
document issued on the registration of the invention ; the latter is from 
the original woodcut used by the inventor. 

Of these two machines the Elevator was the first to appear, and it 
was in general use when the Separator was contrived. At its first trial, 
which was made at Morborne, the elevator was so far unsuccessful that 
it was laid aside for some months, and almost considered impracticable. 

* Bowden's " Life of Faber," p. 182. 

2TJk Strato CFlebator, BcstgnrtJ ant> patented bt 

tames 3£ai?cs of d}\to\\, as first uscB in 1853. 

From the original Woodcut now in the possession of Josiah Hayes of Elton. 



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Subsequent improvements, however, proved its usefulness, and it promised 
to supply such an evident want, that Mr. Hayes applied for and obtained 
a patent for a term of fourteen years. Agreements were then entered 
into between the patentee and Messrs. Clayton and Shuttle worth, of 
Lincoln, Wallace and Stevens, of Basingstoke, and Charles Burrell, of 
Thetford, by which the exclusive right of making and issuing the 
machines was reserved to them on payment to Mr. Hayes of a royalty on 
each machine produced, and affixing to it a plate supplied by him, and 
bearing his name and address. These implements are now in very 
general use, and almost indispensable upon farms of large extent. 

The parish had the customary " Stocks " placed on the green, still 
called " Stocks Green," at the lower end of the main road through the 
village, in a very conspicuous position. No traces of them remain. 
It is said indeed that their last occupant, one Thomas Bates, knocked 
them to pieces after his release, appropriated the irons, and presented 
the remains to the Earl's steward ! This Bates was an old pensioned 
soldier who acted as town crier, and was famous for an exceedingly 
powerful alto voice, which rendered him a valuable member of the 
church choir. When placed in " durance vile " by the parish constable 
for drunkenness, he remained a captive for a day and a night, failing 
the necessary order for his release ; during this interval his shouts were 
heard as far off as the Hall, and continued almost without intermission 
during the whole time of his confinement. 

He lies on the north side of the churchyard, with his wife. 

A singular custom prevails in Elton. Immediately after the banns 
of marriage are asked for the first time, as the congregation leave the 
church, the ringers strike up a merry peal, which is called "ringing a 
spur." Is this to spur on the hopeful couple to the completion of their 
projected marriage, of which the first public intimation is thus given ? 
There is no current explanation of the origin or meaning of the phrase. 

The following instances of longevity in one family are so remarkable 
as to deserve mention. There were born to Obadiah and Elizabeth Oakley, 
and all baptized at Elton, eight children. Of these there were living at 
one time, in 1890, Susannah, aged 91 ; Ann, 88 ; Robert, 86 ; Thomas, 83 ; 
and Obadiah, 81. 


But the traditions of Elton for the most part revolve round Father 
Faber, of whom the following anecdotes are related. 

Weldon, the station-master, who was, at the time of Faber's 
rectorate, in the service of Dr. Butler (Dean of Peterborough, and who 
had been during his school days Master of Harrow), mentioned to the 
writer this little episode. " We servants, you know, sir, often hear more 
than people suspect, and one day when Faber was lunching at the 
Deanery with my master, he talked of what he was doing in the parish, 
and what he meant to do. The Doctor listened for some time, and then 
said, looking at him very meaningly, ' Faber, take care that you don't 
go too far.'' " 

Thomas Godwin, who lived in Faber's service during the whole time 
of his residence in Elton, gives the following version of the mysterious 
noises which are mentioned in Bowden's narrative* : — 

"I occupied the bedroom adjoining my master's in the Rectory, viz., 
the north room over the study, and Father Faber when he required my 
services habitually tapped upon the wall. On one particular night I 
heard the customary raps, and on going into my master's room, he said, 
' Sit down, Tom — there — you hear that ! ' I answered, ' There can be no 
doubt about it.' The noise was like the moving and rolling about of 
furniture in the study underneath. After listening for some time and 
hearing the unmistakeable commotion, we both went down into the study 
together, and there we found all in order and as quiet as the grave." 
Godwin's comment upon this was : " It is undeniable that the devil 
exists ; every Christian admits this. I believe that the noise was caused 
by evil spirits to terrify my master who was attacking their kingdom in 

Godwin also relates that some boys were throwing stones over the 
low wall which then divided the Rectory garden from the road, and 
when he asked " Who threw these stones ?" Faber overheard him, and 
called out, " Tom, don't put temptation in their way, they are sure to 
lie : give them a cut each, they are sure to deserve it !" 

Godwin remembers Faber preaching under the acacia, a venerable 
remnant of a tree still standing on the lawn, and the garden was thronged 
by a crowd of old and young, rich and poor, who all afterwards joined in 
the Te Deum, the Old Hundredth, and other Psalms, with an energy 
which caused them to be heard far and wide. 

The Acacia, then in its prime and a very fine specimen, was said to 
be a scion of the first tree of the kind planted in England, if not the very 

* Page 184. 


first. It is interesting to know that Faber planted the cedar, the 
copper beeches, and many trees in the lower field ; his wish was " to 
make the place look like a little park." 

Frorn notes supplied by Godwin, we can add a fairly continuous and 
reliable account of the tenour of Faber's ordinary life at Elton, and from this 
it would appear that the reviewer of " his Life by Bowden " was mistaken 
in the conclusion that he was " lonely " in his Huntingdon home. 

His establishment consisted of an old cook, " Molly," a Yorkshire 
woman (who had lived in the Faber family before " Fred," as she called 
him, was born), Anne and Mary Godwin. There was also Thomas 
Godwin in the house, assisted both indoors and in the garden by William 
Webb and William Rusher. Faber had a pupil, a Mr. Harrison from 
Westmoreland ; and for some time he had as an assistant lay-helper 
George Hawkes, who also studied under his guidance. His idea was to 
form a brotherhood, of which Hawkes was thought likely to prove a 
leading member. 

The habits of the household were simple and regular, and the hours 
early. Much time was given to meditation, which the Rector practised 
himself and inculcated upon others ; reading, writing, and teaching 
occupied a large part of the day. When morning and evening prayer 
were not said in the church, they were said in the dining-room in the 
Rectory. Saints' day services at the church were carefully celebrated 
with full prayers and a short extempore address to children. The poor 
and the sick were regularly visited and well cared for, and in this part of 
his labours his young men were associated. 

Sunday was a day marked by careful services in Church, attended 
by overflowing congregations, not only from Elton but also from 
neighbouring parishes. One circumstance was noticeable : on that day 
the oldest man in the village, Samuel Millar, was regularly invited to 
take his dinner with the Rectory servants. The absence of the Rector 
from his own pulpit was a very rare occurrence ; indeed it happened twice 
only during the time of his residence in Elton — once when he officiated 
at Benefield, and once when he was at Ambleside. Besides the 
neighbouring clergy, there were many visitors at the Rectory, some of 
conspicuous position and high reputation ; among the number were the 
poet Wordsworth, Sir Roundel Palmer, Beresford and Lady Mildred 
Hope, Lord John Manners, and Mr. Watts-Russell. Mr. Knox, then a 
student at Cambridge, was perhaps one of his most intimate friends, and 
he, before Christmas and Easter, would come and make a sort of retreat 
at Elton. Afterwards he became a priest and oratorian, and finished his 
work at Brompton. 


Surely, with such occupations and with such friends as these, it was 
a mistake of the reviewer of " his Life " to say that he was " lonely " in 
his parish. 

He found his recreation in gardening and planting, and in strolling 
by the river accompanied by his three dogs, " Leo," " Dash," and 
" Spot." These sapient animals, who followed him, mad with delight, on 
ordinary occasions, retired quietly and unrebuked when he walked to the 
church, as his habit was, in cap and gown and hood. 

The guest-chamber was the large room over the hall, which was 
well furnished, and in striking contrast to his own dormitory. The small 
room adjoining his bedroom was fitted up as an oratory, with painted 
windows, removed by the late Rector; the approach to this was by the 
old oaken staircase, which still remains as it was three centuries ago, 
and probably formed part of the original building. 

One more anecdote remains to be told. It is widely known, 
will long remain in the memory of the inhabitants, and is indeed 
a remarkable instance of canine sagacity. At Netherend, in a 
cottage near the Rectory, there lived an old shepherd, George Moore, 
whose daily helpmate and companion for years had been a dog. When 
the time came that George was laid upon a sick and, as it proved, dying 
bed, the dog, which at first was permitted to remain near him as usual, 
became troublesome in its notice of its master, and had to be removed 
to a shed — locally called " the barn " — and there it was closely confined 
until the end came some days afterwards. It was not released until 
some time after the burial, and was shut quite away from the funeral 
party. In due course, when all was over, it was untied, and, strange to 
say, it immediately ran to the churchyard, half a mile distant, went 
directly to its master's grave, and there remained until it was removed ! 

( 129 ) 


Under the impression that all authentic records relating to our village 
must have an interest for some, we have mot hesitated to relate fully all 
that we have been able to glean from such documents as have been 
accessible. And the work has grown upon us. 

Encouraged by the sympathetic interest of several neighbours who 
have willingly imparted much varied information, we have recorded facts 
and circumstances, in themselves perhaps trivial, but which have seemed 
to increase in importance as they have engaged their attention. Home 
instincts are very strong ; and, when the chord is touched which vibrates 
to the sound of whatever relates to a forefather, that sacred feeling is 
awakened which enkindles an undying interest in the past. Apparently 
the race of yeomen (small freeholders farming their own land) is dying 
out. In former days there were many such in Elton, to whom the 
poet's* description would apply : 

" Happy the man whose wish and care 
A few paternal acres bound, 
Content to breathe his native air 
On his own ground." 

But they have left the place. The hurry and bustle and glare 
and excitement of towns have attracted the unsettled or the more 
adventurous. Occasionally, however, here and there one returns for a 
while to the abode of his youth, and then he dwells lovingly upon all 
that recalls his early days, and the memories of his village home revive. 
His is that feeling of Goldsmith's "Traveller": 

" Where'er I roam, whatever climes I see, 
My heart untravelled still returns to thee !" 

The natural desire so touchingly expressed by the peasant poetf of 

* Horace, Odes, v. 2. " Beatus ille 

t John Clare, born 1793 at Helpstone, died 1864. 


Northamptonshire, and recorded on the memorial cross of his native 
Helpstone, possibly arises within him : 

" O let one wish, go where I will, be mine, 
To turn me back and wander home to die 
'Mong nearest friends, my latest friends resign, 
And in the churchyard with my kindred lie." 

" No bells like Elton bells !" " No clmrch like Elton !" " No village 
like ours \" These are the remarks of many who revisit their early home. 

For them, as for those who remain, these notes have been compiled. 
The perusal of them may perhaps revive or preserve some half -forgotten 
memories. To the compiler they have given that local knowledge which 
generates the home feeling he greatly desires. His work will not have 
been in vain if it kindles in any the interest it has had for him. To 
those whose information has aided him in his task, especially to the 
noble owner of the Hall, whose great courtesy and practical assistance 
have been invaluable, he offers his grateful acknowledgments. To their 
kindly consideration he commits the result of his researches, not without 
a hope that, although he is a late comer to their parish, his name may 
be a living memory with them and theirs when he must be personally 



The Act for enclosing the Elton lands is the 19 GTeorge III., and the 
award assigning a due proportion to the Sector, then Dr. Forster, is dated 
February 17, 1780. 

The Rector's allotment in lieu of tithes and common rights (but excepting 
Easter offerings, surplice fees, and mortuaries, and certain insignificant tithes 
arising from small specified tenements) amounted to about 500 acres, contained 
principally in two farms, called respectively the Home Farm and the Lodge 
Farm — the former adjoining the village, the latter at a distance from it of nearly 
two miles. 

The description and acreage of this glebe, from which the income of the 
living is derived, is here given as measured in the Ordnance Survey, decimal parts 
being estimated roughly. 

Rectoby. a. e. p. a. b. p. 

House and Grounds 2 20 

Garden Close 2 2 1 

Eiver Field 1 1 37 

Part of Lammas Field 2 2 23 

Remainder of Lammas Field 5 3 20 

Vicarage Close 10 9 

15 2 30 

By Rivebside. 

Staunch Meadow 8 3 2 

Ings Meadow 21 1 23 

30 25 

Home Fabm. 

Bury Leys, Pasture 35 3 9 

House, Yards, and Home Close 3 1 15 

Bank Ground 22 2 13 

Stone Pit Ground 24 2 38 

Hither Stone Pit Ground, Pasture 21 3 3 

Windmill Hill 24 1 19 

Highgate Ground, Pasture 12 3 30 

Willow Row Close 14 2 26 

Newton Way Ground 18 2 20 

Newton Way Ground 18 29 

197 2 


The Lodge Farm. — First Portion. a. e. p. a. b. p. 

House, Yards, etc 10 6 

West House Close, Pasture 18 1 

East House Close, Arable 11 2 30 

Bellamy's Close 30 1 2 

Brook Ground 14 1 30 

Brook Meadow 6 3 2 

82 1 30 

Second Portion. 

The 50 acres, Pasture 50 25 

The 40 acres, Arable 40 3 21 

91 6 

Third Portion. 

Peter's Patch, Pasture , 9 2 15 

Upper Eoyston Hill, Pasture 23 2 28 

Lower Boy ston Hill, Pasture 23 1 17 

Lower Peter's Patch 16 39 

Street "Way 25 1 22 

98 1 1 

Total 514 2 14 


Cooper's Hospital is supported by the proceeds of Blyton Farm in the 
parish of St. Nicholas, in the city of Lincoln. This farm was let on lease in 1871, 
at a rent of two hundred and twenty pounds a year, but now produces only 
one hundred and fifty. The present tenant is Mr. William Stephenson Parkin, 
of Wilson Street, Lincoln. There are no buildings on the farm. 

The acreage is 88 a. 3r. 21 p. divided as follows : — 

A. B. P. 

The first thirteen acres 13 34 

The sixteen acres 15 3 11 

The first or near eighteen acres 18 1 5 

The far eighteen acres 17 2 25 

The five acres 5 3 26 

The eighteen acres (formerly in two closes) 18 

88 3 21 



These endowments, as specified in the Scheme of the Charity Commissioners 
for England and "Wales, dated 4th July 1876, consist of — 

1. The School Buildings, with their site and appurtenances, containing one 
acre, or thereabouts. 

2. Certain lands, situated at Old Weston in the county of Huntingdon, and 
containing by estimation 53 acres, or thereabouts (52 a. 3 r. 36 p. according to 
the Old Survey, as furnished by Mr. Laurance). 

3. A sum of £738 19*. 4d. Seduced Three per cent. Annuities, held by the 
official Trustees of charitable funds. 

4. Two sums of £370 13s. Eeduced Three per cent. Annuities, and of 
£49 5s. 7d. Consols, held by the official Trustees of charitable funds. 

There is also a payment (now, in 1892, £45 a year) made to the School 
Managers by the Trustees of Cooper's Hospital. 




The days of 
the months. 

The Places where 
the People died. 

The names of them that are Dead. 

The Diseases. 


© — 

EH § 

April 29, 30 

North end 

Thomas Poord 2 Sonns 



May 6 

Chapel end 

William Turner's Wife 



Thomas Bennington a daughter 

New borne 


Butcherras St. 

John Bing, Senr., a son 



North End 

John Francis a daughter 

New borne 


Edward Williamson a son 



Pest house 

Thomas Poord & his daughter 



May 17 

North End 

Mr. Wesson a son 



Widow Wise a daughter 



May 20 

Edward Preer a son, Theoph. Griffin a 



Henry Vernist, Joane Good, Wil. Rip- 



pon's man 

May 25 


John Mautil a son & William Rippon 



Church Lane 

Ann Ebbs 



May 28 

North End 

Thomas Elmes a son, Widow Wise a 



May 29 

Widow Greenwood 



May 30 

M rs Wine, Pose Clifton & Widow Good's 



Edw. Williamson a Daug r & Mary 



Wise a dr. 

Widow Yernist a Daughter 

New borne 


Widow Wise & Widow Yernist 



June 1 

Widow Wise a daughter & Mary Hill 



June 2 

M r Wine a daughter & Edward Wise 



June 3 

John Mantil a son & Thomas Clarke 



Church Lane 

M r Hall of London a son 



North End 

John Mantil's Wife & Edwd. Williamson 



June 4 

Pest Houses 

George Mokes 



Peter Gray 



June 5 

North End 

Widow Williamson a dr. & Zach. Mew 

a dr. 
John Mantil a son, Thos. Elms a dr., & 



June 6 



Widow Goode, S r 

June 7 

Theoph. Griffin a son, John Deats, Jr., 

2 sons 
John Silk a daughr., Widow Bird 2 drs. 





June 8 

Widow Aborne 



June 9 

Stoke Bridge Lane 

John Hill's wife and daughter 



North End 

John Silk a son 



June 10 

Pobt. Robinson, Tho. Elms's wife, & 
Tho. Henson a son 



June 11 

John Silk's wife, Matt. Billing's maid 



June 12 

Robt. Wells a dr., Grif. Ladson a dr., & 
John Silke 



June 13 

John Tomblston a D r , Will. Ladson, 
Tho. Henson a dr. 



June 14 

Widow Watson, John Tomblston, & 
Hy. Males a dr. 



Mill Lane 

Henry Wilton a daughter 



June 15 

North End 

Zach. Mew's wife & Griffin Ladson's wife 



June 16 

Pest House 

Matthew Gauge's wife 



Mill Lane 

William Clarke's wife & Henry Wilton's 



North End 

John Bird, Jun r 



June 17 

Zach. Mews & Henry Males a dr. 



June 18 

Rich d y e son of John Bird & Rob. Well's 





The days of 
the months. 

The Places where 
the People died. 

The names of them that are Dead. 

The Diseases. 


Chapel End 

Thomas Gee's wife 



June 19 

North End 

Widow Cope & Alexander Bizbey 



Thomas Henson a son & Thos. Griffin 



Pest House 

a son 
Theophilus Griffin a son 



June 21 

Theophilus Griffin's wife 



North End 

Thos. Sellers, Junr., & William Ladson's 

Henry Webster & Thomas Clarke 



June 23 



Pest Houses 

Widow Chambers, Widow Noakes a son, 
& John Hill 



June 25 

William Clarke a son 



Stoke Bridge Lane 

Samuell Goodyear a son 



North End 

Eobt. Wells a dr. & Thos. Griffin a 



June 26 

John Bird, senr. 



June 27 

Henry Crofts, a son 



Pest Houses 

A son of Widow Randle 



June 28 

Thos. Fuller, Sen 1 ", & Widow Makes a son 



Matt. Gauge & Richard Woolsey 



June 29 

North End 

Thomas Griffin a daughter 




Richd. Pollard's wife & granddaughter 



June 30 

North End 

Thos. Hanson, S r , & Wid. Bell at y c 
Town Houses 



Stoke Bridge Lane 

Benjamin Pickering a son 



S' Silas Lane 

William Mantil a daughter 



July 1 

North End 

Old Thos. Wise & John Billing 



Nich. Andrew a son & Thos. Griffin a dr. 



July 2 

Nich. Andrew's wife 



July 3 

Pest Houses 

Widow Mokes & her son 



Edward Revel's wife 



July 4 

North End 

Thomas Griffin 



July 5 

Widow Griffin a daughter 



Chapel End 

Widow Bing a grandaughter 



July 8 

Pest Houses 

John Lucas's wife 



July 9 

Stoke Bridge Lane 

John Ceward 



North End 

Old Thomas Sellers' wife & Widow 
Webster, S r 



Mill Lane 

Thomas Godbey 



S l Sith's Lane 

John Mantil a daughter 



July 10 

Berreware Street 

Old George West 



Pest Houses 

Old Lee & Daniel Webster, Senr. 



Stoke Bridge Lane 

Samuel Goodyear a son 



July 12 

Boniface Pickering a son, Sam 1 Good- 
year son 



Pest House 

George Blenkinsops 



S« Sith's Lane 

Widow Mantil 



July 13 

Stoke Bridge Lane 

Saml. Goodyear's wife's mother 



At a Cabbin 

William Luddiugton's eldest son 



July 16 

S l Sith's Lane 

M r Will. Eillbrigg's man, Will. Mantill 

a dr. 
John Holborne a Daughter 



July 17 

North End 




Thomas Boot's wife 

Childe bed 


July 18 


Widow Tatam a dr., at a Cabbin 



Stoke Bridge Lane 

Samuel Goodyear a Daughter 



North End 

John Suthwell a Daughter 



July 19 

William Warren a son 



Pest House 

Thomas Singlewood 



July 20 

North End 

Henry Crafts 




John Henson, Senr. 



July 21 


John West a son, John Mantill, s r , a dr. 





The days of 
the months. 

The Places where 
the People died. 

The names of them that are Dead. 

The Diseases. 



O — 

EH § 


S* Sith's Lane 

William Gilliot a son 



July 22 


Mary West 




Widow Ranckel a dr., by y e way to y e 
Pest Ho. 



July 23 

Pest House 

Henry Ailing a son 



July 24 

Stoke Bridge Lane 

Henry Wood, his wife, & John Randle 



July 25 


John West & his son 



July 27 

North End 

John Ashton & Thomas Corbet 



July 28 


Widow West 



July 29 

North End 

Widow Crafts 




Widow Henson, Sen r 



July 30 

Stoke Bridge Lane 

Boniface Pickering 



Aug. 1 

Saint Sith's Lane 

Widow Foord 



Aug. 3 

Stoke Bridge Lane 

Samuel Goodyear a daughter 



Aug. 4 

North End 

John Southwell a son 



Elizabeth Wellamott 




Peter Cranck a son 



Aug. 6 

John Caubeert 



Pest House 

Robert Parnell's wife 



North End 

Widow Stevens 



Aug. 7 

Thos. Webster a dr., Widow Hill a son 




Widow Caulvert 



Aug. 10 


Thomas Gilbert 



Aug. 12 


Edw. Smith a daughter 



Aug. 14 


William Cookings 



Stoke Bridge Lane 

Widow Pickering, Junr., a dr. 



Aug. 15 


Edward Smith's wife 



Aug. 16 

Pest Houses 

Thomas Blink insops 



Aug. 17, 20 

Peter Cranck two daughters 



Aug. 24 

Butcher row St. 

Robert Black 



Aug. 25, 26 


Edward Smith 2 daughters 



Aug. 29 

Church Lane 

Thomas Barnes 



Aug. 30 


Edward Smith 



At a Cabbin 

John Webster a daughter 



Aug. 31 

Pest House 

William Coward a daughter 



Sep. 2 

North End 

Thomas Freer, Senr. 



Sep. 10 

Butcherrow Street 

James Wattle's wife 



Sep. 10, 11 

Pest House 

Widow Barnes a son & a daughter 



North End 

Richard Wise 



Sep. 13 

S l Sith's Lane 

Elizabeth Boaz 



Sep. 15 

Pest House 

William Coward a son 



Sep. 16 

Chapel End 

Phillip Collop 



Richard Bonner a son 



Sep. 18 

Pest House 

James Wattell 



Church Lane 

William Emberson a daughter 



Sep. 23 

Pest House 

Widow Coward a son 



Sep. 26 

Church Lane 

Old Edward Banfield 




Thomas Scotney a daughter 



Sep. 27 

Church Lane 

William Fowler 



North End 

William Heard wife 



Oct. 1 

Butcherrow Lane 

John Austin's wife 



Oct. 10, 12 

Church Lane 

Widow Banfield a son & a daughter 



Oct. 13 

Pest House 

Margaret Wattle 



Oct. 14 

fr. Hemington 

M rs Williams 



Chapel End 

John Lee a daughter 



Oct. 19 

North End 

Daniell Foord 

Y e PL of y e 



Butcherrow Lane 

John Austin 



Oct. 31 

Chapel End 

Elizabeth Wells 



General Stilus 


Abbey, Ramsey, 2, 3, 6, 7, 68. 
Abbot, 2. 

„ of Solesmes, 53. 

„ Thomas, 11. 
Abercorn, Duke of, First, 78. 
Ac3iCi3i 126 
Account Book, of Sir T. Proby, 80-89, 91, 115. 

„ „ Parish and Churchwardens', 119, 

Acres, 8. 
Adelintone, 1, 2. 
Adson, 34, 35, 55. 
Advowson, 39, 58. 
iElings, 1. 

^Ethelric, 3, 4, 5, 6, 58. 
Affidavit of burying in woollen, 99. 
Africa, 108. 
Ages of almswomen, 60. 

., great, 30, 98. 
Ailiington, 1. 
Ailton, 1. 
Aisles, 17. 

Alban's, St., Bishop of, 44. 
Aldersgate Street, 41. 
Aldom, 33. 

Algerine Pirates, 108. 
Algiers, 108. 
Allen, of Finchley, 77. 

„ Viscount, 78. 
Alliances, Sapcote, 73. 
Allington, 1. 
Allix, 112. 
Almshouses, 13, 38. 
Altar, 29. 

Ambassador, French, 114. 
Ambleside, 127. 
America, 53. 
Ampthill, oaks at, 67. 
Angel, Public-house, 97. 
Anglican Parsonage, 35. 
Apostles, 35. 
Apothecary, 106. 
Apparel, 41. 
Arable, 10. 
Arch, 17. 

Archaeological Journal, 69. 
Archbishop, 78, 114. 
Archdeacon, 29, 43. 
Arms, Ball impaling Cooper, 29. 

„ from Fotheringhay Castle, 35. 

„ Proby, 20. 

„ Sapcote, 65. 
Arrest of English travellers, 120. 

Ashburnham, 57. 
Assassinates, 113. 
Assizes, Huntingdon, 39. 
Athelniton, 3. 
Augustine, St., 53. 
Aumbry, 18. 
Autograph, Faber's, 29. 
Ax, Eobert, 11. 
Axbridge, 96. 
Aylton, 1, 83. 

Baillie and Mayer, 19. 

„ W., 78. 
Ball, Ann, 24. 

,, John, 39. 

„ Martha, 25. 

„ Samuel, 24, 39, 58. 

„ Thomas, 25, 29, 38, 58. 

„ Thomas, D.D., 24, 38. 
Ballast Hole, 63. 
Baltimore, 54. 
Banbury, 63. 
Banke, Wm., 36. 
Baptismal Register, 99. 
Baptist Chapel, 116. 
Baring-Gould, 56. 
Barnack, 35, 65. 
Baronet, 88. 
Barons, 6. 
Barton, 11. 
Basingstoke, 125. 
Bates, Thos., 11, 125. 
Bath and Wells, Bishop of, 116. 
Battle, 39. 
Baylif, 29. 
Bays, 17. 
Beads, 64. 
Beaumont, 73. 
Bede, Ven., 16. 
Bedford, Earls of, 72. 
Bedlam, a, 90. 
Bell, the large, 28. 
Bells, 28. 

Bendish, Skeffington, 94. 
Beneficiaries, 102. 
Benefield, 127. 
Bennett, Abbot, 16. 
Bequest, Taylor's, 116. 
Bernard, St., 53. 
Bevill's Tower, 69. 
Bibles, 66. 

„ Mazarin, 66. 



Bibliotheca, Top. Brit., 15. 

Bier, as memorial, 34. 

Birmingham, 55. 

Bishop, 3, 4, 5. 

Bishopric, 40. 

Blackburn, 13. 

Blakiston, 62. 

Bleeding, 119. 

Bletsoe, 12. 

Blind, charity for, 34. 

Blomfield, Sir A., 48. 

Blood-letting, 90. 

Blyton Farm, 59 and Appendix. 

Bodger's Map, 69. 

Books, 29. 

Boore, Mr., 69. 

Bottle Bridge, 65. 

Boundaries, 10. 

Bowden, 54. 

Bradley, Frs., 9, 11, 13. 

Brawn, Mrs., 61. 

Brayley, 3. 

Brereton, 36, 37. 

Brewer, Simon, 90. 

Brice, 121. 

Briefs, 101-119. 

„ cost of, 102. 
Bright, Dr., 39. 
Bright's disease, 52. 
Brighton, 55. 
Bristol Channel, 116. 
British Museum, 6, 70. 
Brompton Oratory, 55, 127. 
Broughton, J., 73. 
Brown, R., 11, 14. 

„ Wm, 106. 
Brydges, 8, 65. 
Buckinghamshire, 79. 
Building, School, 61. 
Burgh, 71. 
Burial office, 45. 
Burials in woollen, 98. 
Burn, 102. 
Burnell, 36. 
Burrell, 125. 
Butler, the, at Merburn, 90. 

„ Dr., Dean of Peterborough, 126. 

Cabin, Kate's, 41. 
Caird, Sir J., 59. 
Calamy, 38. 
California, 53. 
Calvinistic, 112. 
Cambridge, 20. 
Camden, 65. 
Canada, 55. 
Canine sagacity, 128. 
Canon LXX., 93. 

„ of Norwich, 97. 
Canute, 2. 
Cape of G-ood Hope, 112. 

„ Synod, 44. 
Cardinal Newman, 50, 53. 
Carucate, 2. 
Carysfort, Earl of, 10, 19, 30, 57, 62, 66, 68. 

Carysfort, First Earl, 22, 78. 
„ Second Earl, 78. 
„ Third, 19, 27, 32, 78, 98. 
„ Fourth, 19, 31, 78. 
„ Countess of, 31. 
„ Lord, 119. 
Cathedral, 44, 45, 124. 
Cattle, 3. 
Cedar, 35, 127. 
Celtic, 64. 
Cemeteries, 31. 
Censer, 9, 14. 
Ceremonial, 44. 
Chad, Brother, 55. 
Chadborn, G., 11. 
Chalice, 29. 
Chancel, 17, 18. 
Chancellor's Prize Essay, 44. 
Chapel, Manor, 20. 
„ Earl's, 20. 
,, Wesleyan, 123. 
„ Lane, 12, 41, 123. 
Chapell, 65, 93. 
Chaplain General, 45. 

„ to the Forces, 14. 
Charges, 59, 60. 
Charity Commissioners, 59, 60. 
„ Proby, 63. 
„ Selby, 63. 
Charles II., 79. 

„ Loan to, 88. 
Charlotte, Princess, 40. 
Charter House, 40, 97. 

„ „ Chapel, 42. 

Chattels, 4, 6. 
Cheapside, 107. 
Chesterton, 65. 
Children, 9. 
Childs, Edwd., 121. 
Chimney money, 89. 
Chirurgeon General, 79. 
Christ Church, 107. 
Christie, Manson, and Wood, 69. 
Christmas Week, 103. 
Chronicle, Saxon, 3. 
Chronicon Preciosum, 80. 
Chrysostom, St. John, 53. 
Church, 2, 8, 16. 

„ Rates, 123. 
Churchwardens, 55, 92, 123. 
Churchyard, 30, 106. 
Cirencester, 29. 
City of London, 88, 105. 
Civil War, 101. 
Claude, 112. 
Claughton, 29, 32, 43. 
„ Caroline E., 32. 
„ Hon. Mrs., 44. 
Clayton and Shuttleworth, 125. 
Clere-story, 19. 
Clergy, 88, 114. 
Clock, 29. 

„ Smith, 29. 
Cloggers, the, 90. 
Cnut, 3. 

Coach, " Truth and Daylight," 41. 
Coal, 60. 
Coffin, 90. 



Coif, 18. 

Coldwell, Mr., 90. 

Cole Orton, 73. 

Colenso, 44. 

Coles, J. and F., 68, 69. 

Collection, house to house, 108. 

Column, 11. 

Colombo, Bishop of, 30. 

Colton, 89. 

Confessor, Edward the, 2. 

Conington, 65, 89, 90. 

Conqueror, 2. 

Constables' expenses, 121. 

Consul, First, 121. 

Convocation, 44, 88, 93. 

Cook, 11, 12, 14. 

„ ye Picture Drawer, 89. 
Coome Farm, 105. 
Cooper, 27, 38, 39, 58, 59. 
Copyhold, 13. 
Corbet, R. A., 45. 
Corby, 34. 
Cornish, 56. 
Cornwall, 56. 
Cornwallis, 65. 
Cost of animals in 1666, 82. 
Cotton, Sir R., 16, 23, 65, 79, 90. 
Council, King in, 114. 

„ Privy, 79. 
Court of Chancery, 102. 
Cranmer, Ann, 74. 
" Creator and Creature," 53. 
Credence Table, 18. 
Crewe, Lord, 44. 

Cripps's ; ' Old English Plate," 29. 
Cromwell, 67, 79. 

„ Thomas, 92. 

„ Disbanded soldiers, 124. 
Crown, the, 7. 
Crypt, 48. 

Cumberland, Bp., 24, 38, 39. 
Cups, the three, 41. 
Curate, 57, 100. 
Cust, Sir R., 21, 61. 
Cutts, Sir J., 89. 


Dalby of Oakham, 71. 

Dally, Wm, 11. 

Dane, 3, 4, 5, 6, 58. 

Danegeld, 2, 12. 

Danes, 2, 3. 

Daniel Evans on the Prayer Book, 108. 

Danish Pirates, 2. 

Davis, C, 69. 

Dead March, 45. 

Decorated, 18. 

Decoy, the, by Landseer, 66. 

Dedication of Church, 17. 

Deer, John, 55. 

,, Elizabeth, 122. 
Demesne, 2, 3. 
Dempsey, 34. 
Deposit, fertilizing, 9. 
Devon, 1. 
Dexter, 11, 12, 13, 14, 34. 

Dickenson, Wm., 37. 

Dinham, Lady E., 65, 73. 

Diocese, 45. 

Dogs, cost of breaking in, in 1676, 89. 

Domesday, 1, 16. 

Dominion, 2, 3. 

Donoughmore, Earl of, 78. 

Dorchester, 3. 

Douglas, Sir J., 44. 

Dovecotes in Sapcote arms, 75. 

Doyle, Sir H., 44. 

Drayton, 65. 

Dress, cost of, in 1676, 85. 

Drury Lane, 105. 

Dryden, 65, 67, 89. 

Dublin Review, 53. 

Duck Street, 15. 

Durham. 106. 

Dwellings, 61. 


Eaglethorpe, 7. 
Easter Week, 103. 
Eatham, John, 13. 
Ebbutt, 97, 121. 
Ecclesia, 16. 
Edgar, King, 16. 
Edict of Nantes, 111. 
Edis, Richard, 9, 13. 
Edward II., 2. 

„ III., 69. 

„ IV., 72. 

„ VI., 29. 
Egglescliffe, 106. 
Elevator, Straw, 124. 
Elixir proprietatis, 90. 
Elizabeth, Queen, 66, 101. 
Ellis, 14, 33. 

Elton, 3, 6, 8, 92, 104, 106, 115, 119. 
Ely, 9. 

Elzevir Classics, 66. 
Emigration, 113. 
Emmanuel College, 57, 116. 
Empire, Lower, 64. 
Enactments, vexatious, 98. 
Entertainment, the Deane's, 90. 
Enumeration, 9. 
Epitaphs, 30. 
Epsom water, 90. 
Erminois, 75. 
Ethelniton, 1. 

Evelyn, Diary, 105, 107, 113, 114. 
Excavation, 63. 
Exchange, the, 107. 
Expenditure, overseers, 119. 
Extinct animals, 64. 
Exton, 71. 


Faber, 18, 20, 35, 49-55, 124-127. 

„ his ordinary life at Elton, 127. 
Fast, general, of 1665, 104. 
Feast Day, 28. 
Felix, Elton, 43. 



Fellows, 39. 
Fenchurch Street, 107. 
Fenn, Charles, 55. 
Field Book, 10. 

„ Names, 10, 14, 15. 
Fire, great, of London, 88, 10(5. 
Fires, on account of the Plague, 104. 
Fish, 103. 
Fisher, Dr., 35, 40, 41, 97. 

„ Kitty, by Sir J. Reynolds, 66. 
Fishing, laws to encourage, 102. 
Fish Street Hill, 106. 
Fitzwarren, 65. 
Fitzwilliam, 74. 
Flagon, 29. 
Flamboyant, 18. 
Fleetwood, Bishop, 80. 
Flesh, eating, laws relating to, 103. 
Fleur de lis, 29. 
Floods, 9, 98. 
Florence, 31. 
Flower border, 31. 
Flowers in Churchyard, 30. 
Fly-leaves of Registers, 99, 101. 
Font, 17. 
Ford, 11,13. 
Foreman, John, 119. 
Forster, Dr., 13, 25, 26, 39. 

„ Jane, 25. 
Fotheringhay, 8, 35, 63, 71, 72. 

„ Fair, 64. 
Founder of Hospital, 38. 
Fountains, 107. 
Fowlscourt, 3. 
France, 112, 121. 
Franklin, John, 123. 
Franks, Mr., 69, 70. 
Freeholders, 11. 
Freeman, 11, 14. 
French prisoners, 57, 87. 
Frenchmen, the, in St. Martin's Lane, 90. 
Friday Hall, 78. 
Frior Minors, Stamford, 78. 
Frog Hole Mill, 69. 
Fuller, Wm., 58. 
Furlongs, 13. 


Gallery singers, 123. 
Garden, 35. 
Gascoine, 121. 
Gaskell, 9, 119. 

„ John, 11. 
Gatehouse, old, at Elton Hall, 75. 
Gates, Entrance, 35. 
Gateway, Tudor, at Rectory, 35. 
Gatton, Picture from, 66. 
Geometrical Pattern, 20. 
Ghost of R. Sapcote, 73. 
Gibbs, 45. 
Gimells, 65. 

Glebe Lands, Appendix. 
Godwin, 11, 34, 54, 126, 127. 
Goods of the Church, 28. 
Goodwin, 12. 

„ Jane, 34. 

Gracious Street, 106, 107. 
Gravel, 36. 

„ Pits, 30, 97. 
Great Seal, 93. 
Greenwich, 105, 106. 
Grenville, Rt. Hon. G., 22. 
Gresham, Sir Thomas, 107. 
Guest Chamber at Rectory, 128. 


Hall, the, 9, 14, 65, 93, 125. 

Hall marks on Plate, 29. 

Halls, Companies', 107. 

Halpin, 45. 

Halsey, 89. 

Hamilton, Lord Claud, 32, 78. 

,, Captain Douglas, 78. 
Handson, Richard, 119. 
Hangings in chancel, 29. 
Hardman, 55, 57. 
Hare, Lady A. M., 31. 
Harleian Society, 78. 
Harrowden, 73. 
Hatfield, 62. 

Hawkes, Geo., 54, 55, 127. 
Hawkins, 13. 
Haydock Lodge, 44. 
Hayes, James, 124, 125. 
Heathcote, 78. 

Heatherington's Charity, 34. 
Helena, St., 43. 
Henry VI., 72. 

„ VII, 65. 

„ VIII., 7. 
Henson, Francis, 11, 12. 
Hetton, 62. 
Hewitt, 89. 
Hewson, 12. 
Hicks, 88. 
Hide, 2, 71. 
Hides, 71. 
High Sheriff, 20. 
Hill, 12. 

Hippey, John, 55. 
Historians' Guide, 104. 
Hobbema, 66. 
Hodge, 97. 
Holditch, 14. 
Holland, 112. 
Hollidge, Fr., 10. 
Hollington, 67. 
Holme Wood, 68. 
Holsworthy, 89. 
Hood Mouldings, 18. 
Hooker, Alderman, 106. 
Hope, Beresford, and Lady M., 127. 
Horns, deer, 64. 
Horse Chestnut Trees, 9. 
Hospital, 38, 60, 63. 

,, Farm, Appendix. 
Housekeepers, 9. 
Howard, Isabella, 78. 
Huguenots, 111. 
Hume. 88. 
Hunter, Jane, 74. 
Huntingdon, 8. 20, 39, 97, 121, 122. 



Huntingdonshire, 3. 
Hutchinson, Lady M., 78. 
Hyde, Catherine, 74. 
Hymns, Faber's, 52. 

Ilketshall, 57. 
Inbaptizata, 95. 
Incense Boat, 68. 
Inclosure, 10, 14. 
Ingram, Canon, 45. 
Inhabitant, 9. 
Inmates of Hospital, 60. 
Inoculation, 119, 122. 
Inscriptions, 31, 61. 

„ on Bell at Yaxley, 87. 
Inspector, School, 62. 
Insurance Fund, 63. 
Island, the, 55. 
Ivanhoe, 3. 

Jackson, 119. 
James I., 33. 

„ II., 35. 
Jerome, St., 53. 
Jesuits, 112. 
Johnson, Dr. Saml., 40. 
Johnson's Point, 69. 
Jones, Prebendary, 45. 
Journals of House of Commons, 101. 
Justice of the Peace, 39. 
Justices, 119. 

,, Marrying- before a, 92, 98. 


Kelly, 45. 
Kempthorne, 56, 57. 

„ Mrs., 29. 
Kent, 1. 
Keton, 71. 
Kettle, Mr., 122. 
Ketton Stone, 33, 61. 
Kidder, Bishop, 116. 
" Killing no Murder," 79. 
King, 3. 

„ Money lent to the, ; 
King's Baker's House, 106. 
Kingston, 12, 14. 
Kirkby, 34. 
Knives, Koman, 64. 
Knox, Thomas, 54, 55, 127. 

Labourers' wages in 1666, 83. 
Lamb, Sir M., 58. 
Land, Elton Charity, 115. 
Landseer, Sir E., 66. 
Largess, 89. 

Latin Cross, 31, 33. 

Laurance, 33, 34, 97. 

Lay Rector, 79. 

Leach, Colonel, 59. 

Learning Chapter, child, 90. 

Lee, 12. 

Legat, 88. 

Leicestershire, 71. 

Leigh, 44. 

Leland, 71. 

Le Monde, 53. 

Lent, 98. 

Leonardo da Vinci, 66. 

Letters Patent, 101. 

Lewis, 19, 30. 

Leys, 56. 

Library, 35, 66. 

Libri, 3. 

Licence, 6. 

Lichfield, 56. 

Liddon, Canon, 45. 

Lifford, Baron, 74. 

Lighthouse, Eddystone, 116. 

Lincoln, 38, 59, 71, 72, 125. 

„ Charity Land at, particulars of, Appen- 
Lipscombe, Histy. of Bucks., 95. 
Listowell, Earl of, 19. 
Litany, Petitions in the, 107. 
Littlemore, 50. 
Lombard Street, 107. 
London, 44, 03, 70, 104, 105, 106. 

„ Bishop of, 44. 
Longevity, instances of, 125. 
Lord Mayor, 105. 
Lord of the Manor, 1 5. 
Louet, 65. 
Louis XIV., 111. 
Louth, 65. 
Ludi Magister, 94. 
Lylford, 36. 
Lyme Park, 44. 
Lyon Kelly, 94. 
Lyttleton, Lord, 59. 


McArthy, 61. 

Macaulay, Lord, 79, 112, 114. 

Madonna, of the Bas Relief, 66. 

Mahomet, 44. 

Mails, 13. 

Malton, Earl of, 78. 

Manners, Lord John, 127. 

Manor, 77, 93. 

„ Chapel, 27. 
Marble Slabs, 31. 
Martin, Henry, 119. 
Mary, Queen, 8. 
Mattison, 13. 
Maunchett, 36. 
May Singers, 89. 
Maymed Soldiers, 90. 
Mayor of Lincoln, 72. 
Mears, M. H., 14. 



Mears, John, 124. 
Mediterranean, 107. 
Mee, 12. 
Memorial. 48. 
Mercers' Chapel, 107. 
Mere, Whittlesea, 68. 
Messuage, 11. 12. 13. 
Middlesex, Archdeacon of, 45. 
Mildmay, Winifred, 74. 
Military Service, 2. 
Militia, 121, 122. 

„ Act, 38. 
Mill, 3. 

Millar, Samuel, 127. 
Mills, Water, 11. 
Milman, 45. 
Minnesota, 53. 
Molini, 2. 
Monasteries, 7, 16. 
Moore, George, 128. 
Morant's " Essex," 66. 
Morborne, 124. 
Morgan, 13. 

Mortality. Bills of, 104. 
Morton, 11, 12, 34. 
Mote, the, at Aylton, 90. 
Motte, 14. 
Motto, Proby, 26. 

„ Sapcote, 75. 
Mouldings, 18. 
Moysey, 12. 
Munn, 11. 
Museum, British, 6, 69, 70. 

,, Northampton, 64. 


Napoleon Buonaparte, 121. 
Narcissa, 99. 
Nassington, 1, 3, 16. 
Nave. 17. 

Nene, River, 8, 9, 17, 98. 
Nether End, 8, 10, 15. 
Nets, partridge, 89. 
New River, 77. 
Newcome, Colonel, 41. 
Newgate Market, 107. 
Newman, Cardinal, 50. 
Newmarket, 113. 
Newton, 11. 
Noises, mysterious, 126. 
Nonconformists, 124. 

„ Memorial, 38. 
Norfolk, 37. 
Norman, 121. 
Norman Cros, 1, 2, 87. 

„ French, 71. 

„ Invasion, 1. 

„ Kings, 2. 
Northampton, 8, 98. 

„ Marquis of, 68. 
Northamptonshire, 8, 65. 
North Road, Great, 41. 
Northwick Terrace, 44. 
Norton, John, 98. 
Norwich, Canon of, 97. 
Notes and Queries, 76. 

Number of Entries in Registers, from 1569 to 
1800, 99, 130. 

Oakham, 71. 

Oakley, Obadiahand Elizabeth, 125. 

Oaks, 66. 

Odyssey, 66. 

Ohio, the, 53. 

Oldham, 36. 

Ondee ornament, 69. 

Oratory, Brompton, 51. 

Organ, 30. 

„ cost of, 19. 

,, CHS©, i j. 
Ornaments, 29. 
Orsett, 44. 
Osborne, Sir J., 77. 

„ Elizabeth, 78. 
Oundle, 8, 15, 66, 104, 120. 

,, Table of deaths from Plague at, Appen- 
Ousby, John, 11. 
Ouse, the, 9. 
Overend, 8, 15, 65. 
Overseers, 59, 60, 62. 
Oxford, 36. 

Page, 12, 55. 

Palethorpe's Farm House, 68. 

Palmer, Sir Roundel, 127. 

Papists, 112. 

Paradise, 73. 

Parcels from Oundle, 120. 

Parish, 8, 10. 

„ Registers, 92. 
Park, Elton, 65, 97. 
Parliament of Saints, 95. 
Parson, 50, 99. 
Parsonage, 38. 
Pastures, 9. 
Paten, 30. 
Patron, 38. 
Patronage, 17. 
Patrons, 20. 
Pauk, 11. 

Paul's, St., 44, 107. 
Peach, 34. 
Pearson, 19. 
Peck's " Stamford," 66. 
Pedigrees, Dickenson, 37. 

,, Fisher, 40. 

,, Fitzwilliam, 74. 

„ Proby, 77, 78. 

,. Sapcote, 73. 
Pel Mel, 89. 
Penalty, 99. 
Pence, 3. 
Penhurst, 57. 
Pension, 6. 
Pensioners, 41, 59. 
Pepys's Diary, 105, 107. 
Perpendicular, 17. 



Peterborough, 8, 14, 38, 68, 121, 124. 

Pictures, 66, 90. 

Piers, 17. 

Pigeons, 47. 

Pipe Roll of Henry II., 83. 

Piscina, 18. 

Pitts, James, 55. 

Plague, the, 99, 103-106. 

Plane Tree, 35. 

Planting, cost of, 83. 

Plough, 2. 

Ploughed land, 2. 

Plowright, 11, 12, 13, 34. 

Polichronicon, 16. 

Pollet, Dr., 36. 

Pol Mony, 90. 

Ponsonby, Charlotte, 74. 

Pope, 66, 99. 

Population, 9, 14. 

Portcullis, 20, 66. 

Port Towns, 103. 

Potomac, 53. 

Pottery, 63. 

Pottle Green, 36. 

Poulshot, 40. 

Pound, the, 13. 

Prayer Book of 1662, 101. 

Prebendary, 38. 

Presbyter, 2. 

Proby, Arms, 20. 

„ Motto, 26. 

„ Admiral, 19. 

,, Baptist, 78. 

„ Elizabeth, 22, 23. 

„ Ellen, 22, 23. 

,, Fanny, Lady, 31. 

,, Frances, 62. 

„ Heneage, 22, 23. 

,, Isabella, Lady, 28. 

„ Jane, Lady, 21. 

„ Jane, Mrs., 61, 62. 

„ John, 10, 14, 21. 

„ John Joshua, Lord, 26. 

„ Peter, Sir, 77. 

,, Thomas, Sir, 13, 20, 23, 65, 79, 115. 
Protestants, 114. 
Provisions, cost of, in 1663, 82. 
Pudding Lane, 107. 
Puritan, 37, 38, 98. 
Puritanical, 98. 
Pusey, Dr., 53. 

Quarry, 63. 
Queen's Letters, 102. 


Radnor, Earl of, 7. 
Railway, 8, 63. 
Ramsey, 1, 3, 6, 7, 68, 69. 

„ Abbot of, 58. 

„ Notes on, 3. 
Rams' Heads, 69. 
Rates levied in 1760, 119. 

Receipt for cure of Consumption, 91. 
Record Office, 29. 
Rectorial lands, 6 and Appendix. 
Rectors, 35. 

„ List of, 36. 
Rectory, 8, 15, 35. 

„ Garden, 35, 126. 
Red Cross, the Plague Mark, 105. 
Redemption of Slaves, 108. 
Reeves, 7. 
Reformation, 7, 17. 
Refugees, 112. 
Register, 94, 106. 
Registers, Parish, 92. 
Registers, Names from the : — 
Ball, Ann, 96. 
„ Thomas, 95. 
„ Thomas, D.D., 95, 97. 
Beal, Frances, 97. 
Beaver, John, 93. 
Bell, Sarah, 98. 
Bendish, Skeffington, 94. 

„ William, 94. 
Bing, Ann, 95. 
Bletsoe, J., 95. 
Boyer, Bridget, 94. 
Braddock, C, 98. 
Broughton, L., 94. 
Chadborn, Geo., 96. 
Chown, Sarah, 98. 
Clark, William, 96. 

„ Lydia, 96. 
Cook, Elizh., 97. 
Cooper, Mr. J., 94. 
„ John, 94. 
„ Dorothy, 94. 
Crawley, John, 98. 
Curtis, Elizth., 96. 
Dickens, John, 95. 

„ Ellinger, 95. 
Dickenson, Mr. Wm., 94. 
Drawater, T., 99. 
Edis, 93. 

English, Thos., 96. 
Fenn, Jane, 9. 
Fisher, Wm., 97. 
Forster, Edwd., 97. 
„ Jane, 97. 
„ John, 97. 
Franklin, Geo., 97. 
Giddings, John, 96. 
Goodwin, Edwd., 96. 
„ Lydia, 98. 
„ Thomas, 97. 
„ Sarah, 96. 
Griffin, Thomas, 96. 
Harrington, Mr. Jas., 93. 

„ Bridget, 93. 
Hayes, Mary, 98. 
Hicks, Willm., 98. 
Hill, Thomas, 97. 

„ Abraham, 97. 
Hippey, Wm., 98. 
Hodges, Mary, 98. 
Holditch, John, 98. 
Lombcock, Esther, 96. 
Lyon, Kelly, 94. 
Males, Mary, 95. 



Registers — continued. 

Marshall, Thos., 96. 

Martin, Thomas, 96. 

Mears, M. H., 98. 

Mitchell, Ruth, 98. 

Newton, Martha, 98. 

Noble, Robin, 96. 

Norton, 98. 

Palmer, M., 95. 
,. R., 95. 

Perkins, G., 97. 

Plowman, J., 97. 

Plowright, T., 97. 

Pridmore, J., 96. 
„ Mary, 96. 

Proby, Baptist, 95. 
,, Frances, 95. 
„ Graville, 95. 
„ Jane, 95. 
„ Thomas, 95. 

Robinson, Wm., 98. 

Salmons, R., 96. 

Sapcote, John, 93. 
„ Mr., 93. 
„ Robt., 93. 
„ Elnor, 93. 
„ Frances, 93. 

Scatley, M., 98. 

Scot, Jos., 96. 

Sellers, J., 96. 

Serjeant, M., 97. 

Shaw, Symon, 95. 

Sherman, M., 97. 

Smith, B., 98. 

Spavin, J., 96. 

Spencer, S., 97. 
„ John, 97. 

Steers, G., 98. 

Voules, J., 97. 

Waterfield, 97. 

Waters, R., 94. 

Welldon, J., 97. 

Woolley, Robt., 95. 
Registrar, 98. 
Regular Forces, 121. 
Relics, 68. 

Relief, Poor, 60, 104. 
Reminiscences, Local, 123. 
Renoulds, Henry, 106. 
Repton School, 44. 
Request, Letters of, 101, 102. 
Restoration, cost of Church, 19. 
Revenstondale, cost of brief for, 102. 
Revival, Catholic, 101. 
Reynolds, Sir Joshua, 66. 
Rickman. J., 99. 
Road Trustees, 15. 
Robinson, 11-14, 19. 
Rockingham, Marquis of, 78. 
Romano- British, 63, 64. 
Romans, 18. 
Rome, 49. 
Rowlatt. 11, 12, 27. 
Royal Ayd. 90. 
Rusher, Wm., 55, 127. 
Russell, 72. 
Rye Church, 115. 

Sacrament, 89. 
Sacramental Plate, 27. 
Salisbury, Bishop of, 40. 
Salubrious air of Elton, 9. 
Samson, John, 11. 
Sapcote, 20, 65, 71. 

„ Agnes, 71. 

„ Guy, Sir, 72. 

„ Henry, of Lincoln, 72. 

,, Joan, 72. 

,, John de, 71. 

„ John, Sir, 72. 

„ Richard, Sir, 20, 72. 

,, Richard, of Elton, 71. 

„ Robert, 72. 

„ William, 71, 72. 

„ Motto, 75, 76. 

,, Pedigree, 73. 
Saunders, 12. 
Saurin, Father, 54. 
Sawtry Beaumes, 65. 
Sawyer, Mr., 97. 
Saxon, 1, 18. 

„ Church, 1, 16. 

„ Stones, 30. 
Saxons, 112. 
School Managers, 60. 
Schools, 60, 61. 
Sea, irruption of, 116. 
Sedilia, 18. 
Selby, 12, 34, 63. 
Senior Wrangler, 56. 
Separator, Straw, 124. 
Servants, 9. 

„ Equipments, 86. 
Service Books, 50. 
Seymark, 72. 
Shaw, 69. 

Sheep Stealing, 97. 
Sheets, 41. 
Sherley, 65. 
Shovel Board, 89. 
Sicknesse, the, 89. 
Simon Peter, 51. 
Simpson, 45. 
Skeletons, 63, 64. 
Snow, Wm., all weathers, 109. 
Soccage, 71. 
Societies, Church Building, 102. 

,, National, 102. 

„ Propagation of Gospel, 102. 
Solesmes, Abbot of, 53. 
Solidi, 2, 3. 

Somersetshire, 96, 116. 
South Elmham, 57. 
Spear-heads, 64. 
Speed, 65, 93. 
Spencer, 48. 
Sportsman, 89. 
Spottiswoode, 45. 
" Spur, ringing a," 125. 
Squint, 18. 
Squire, the, 89. 
Stables, 35, 65. 
Staircase, Oaken, 128. 
Stamford, 15, 16, 71, 72. 



Stamford, Earon, 95. 
Stamp Act. 96. 
Stanground, 116. 
Stemson, 11. 
Stevenson, R., 37. 
Steward, 14. 
Stilton, 121, 122. 
Stocks, 125. 

„ Green. 125. 
Stokes' Hill, 66. 
Storer, 13, 78. 
Storm, memorable, 116. 
Stow. 16, 77, 92. 
Strafford, Earl of, 78. 
Straw Elevator and Separator, 124. 
Strickson, 13, 55. 
String Course, IS. 
Stringer, Ann, 74. 
Style, J., 73. 
Subsidys, 90. 
Substitutes, Militia, 121. 
Sunday, 43. 
Sun-dial, 12, 29. 
Supplementary Militia, 121. 
Surplus, 59. 
Sursum Corda, 45, 47. 
Survey, 1-3, 10. 

Sussex Archaeological Society, 57, 102, 108. 
Sutton. 35. 

Sweeting, 18, 39, 87, 101. 
Swift. 79. 
Sycamores, 35. 
Symonds, 40, 100. 

Tables, 89. 
Tanacombe, 56. 
Tarvin. 56. 
Task, the, 9. 
Tax, 2. 
Taxes, 89. 
Tebbutt, 121. 
Tempest, disastrous, 116. 
Temple Cbeeton, 77. 
Tenants, 3. 
Terra, 2. 
Terrar. 14. 
Textor, 109. 110. 
Thetford, 125. 
Thomas's, St., Day, 63. 
Thompson, 19. 

„ Sir H., 45. 
Thornhangh, 72. 
Thoroughgood, 77. 
Thurible, 68. 
Tilton, 71. 
Titus, < Sol. Silas, 79. 
Toby, 36. 
Tomson, 1 1. 
'1 orriano, 77. 
Tortoise-shell Combs, 89. 
Tower, 17, 19, 30, 90. 

„ of London, 106. 
Town, the, 1 1 . 
Township, lo. 
Trefoil. 18. 
Troy Hill, 68. 

Trundle Mere, 69. 
Trustees, 60, 61. 
Tudor, 35. 

,, Kose, 69. 

,. Period, 70. 
Turkish Cruelty, 108. 
Turner, Sir E., 38. 
Tutor, 39. 


Uniformity, Act of, 37. 

" Union is strength," 76. 

United States. 53. 

University College, 39, 43, 44, 56. 58. 

Upper End, 10. 

Urn, Cinerary, 63. 

Vaux, Lord, 73. 

Venison, 90. 

Venters, John, 11. 

Vestry, 105. 

Vicaridg, 12. 

Vill. 3. 

Village, 14. 

Villeins, 3. 

Vincent, 12. 

Visitation of Huntingdon, 20. 

Visited People, 90, 104. 

Volunteers, 121. 


Wainscoted Room, 35. 
Wallace and Stevens, 125. 
Walnut Tree. 12, 41. 
Walston. C-uido, 73. 
Wang ford, 57. 
Wansford Quarry, 15. 
Warden, 60. 
Wardour Street, 19. 
Ware, dark pottery, 63. 
Warmington, 35, 55, 90, 124. 
War Office, 45. 
Watching in the Tower, 90. 
Watson, Hon. T., 78. 
Watts, 39. 
Watts-llussell, 127. 
Weathercock. 20, 61. 
Webb, 54, 55. 
Wells, Mr., 68, 69. 

„ Palace at, 116. 
Wentworth, Ann, 74. 
Wesleyan Chapel, 123. 

„ Minister, 33, 124. 
Westminster, 104, 106. 
Weston, Old, Farm School at, Appendix. 
Wharton, Earl of, 79. 
Whistler, 56, 59, 107. 
White Pit, Trundle Mere, 69. 
Whittington, .1. K., 44. 
Whittlesea Mere, 68, 69. 
Wilfred, Brother, 51. 




Willan, 34, 36, 37. 

Williamson, 11. 

Winchester, 113. 

Windows, 19. 

Wing, Tycho and John, 10, 14. 

Wood, 36. 

Woodhouse, Sir P., 89. 

Wool, 98. 

Wombwell, Sir G., 69. 

Wordsworth, 30, 53, 127. 

Workhouse, 61. 

Wren, Sir Christopher, 74. 
Wright, 121. 

Yaxley, 56, 62, 68, 87, 89. 

,, ffen, 89. 
Yeoman, 94. 
Yew-trees, 30. 
York's Waggon, 106. 
Young, 107. 

London : Mitchell and Hughes, Printers, 140 Wardour Street, W. 




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